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Mary GUNN (1831-1886)


Mary Ann Charlotte GUNN

1 Mary Ann Charlotte GUNN (1831-1886) [12].

Born 1831, Chiswick, Middlesex, England. Marr William PENFOLD 11 Oct 1851, Lingfield, Surrey, England.1 Died 1886, Chelsea, Middlesex, England.2

The following article was printed in the Hartfield Parish Magazine of December 1880.

The Rector has been permitted to read a most interesting and well written letter from Candahar, and to make a few extracts from it for the Magazine. The writer is a nephew of widow Penfold,s, a corporal in the Bombay Artillery. If he had been a correspondent for one of the leading newspapers, the letter cold not have been better written or expressed. The date is August 18th. 1880. After giving a sketch of affairs at Candahar previous to the disastrous battle at Maiwand, and a short account of the battle itself, he goes on to relate the losses in the fight. “About this time a few stragglers came in from the field, and among them there was a gunner with his left hand cut off and greatly exhausted, and from him I heard what I told you about the battle; he told us the miserable fact of how a handful of brave men were hurled at the hordes of Afghans, and how they fought like our fellows always do, but to no purpose, and the consequence was they were nearly all cut up. His Battery was a complete wreck; they lost 2 guns, 3 officers, 25 gunners, and 42 horses. The 66th Regiment marched out 587 strong, and those that are here after that awful day’s work are 183 officers and men. Out of the 500 Cavalry that went out all that can be mustered are 151 officers and men; their gallant leader General Nuttall returned dismounted and almost in rags, as did General Burrows. Such a scene as was witnessed that morning in the narrow lanes leading to Candahar city, I can only compare to the disastrous retreat of Napoleon from Moscow. Riderless horses, camels, mules, wounded men, carts, baggage, dooleys. &c., &c, all in the utmost confusion, and in the midst of the chaos the remnant of the Horse Artillery Battery was seen, and we went out to help them in. On the first gun carriage, lying in its gore, was the corpse of an officer of the 66th Regiment, and on the other side was Lieut. Fowell of their battery, shot through the arm, and almost dead. Instead of 6 horses to the gun, there were only 2, and about 4 men instead of 12, and they were ready to drop out of their saddles. In fact all were alike; it was pitiful indeed to see them; they were all more or less in rags, and bedaubed with blood, showing how close and hand to hand the fighting had been. I was an awful morning.”

The corporal then narrates the preparations made to receive the enemy when he came to attack Candahar; the guns laid in position; the approaches fortified with bags of earth, tent pegs, telegraph wire, &c., and then describes the sortie of the garrison, and how “the enemy fought like demons, well officered and led by great swells in gold-laced uniforms, and splendidly horsed; the British loss was 255 killed and wounded, including General Brooke. Among the troops, who made the sally there were two chaplains, one Roman Catholic and one Church of England; the latter, Mr. Gordon, was shot, and died in three hours. The Roman Catholic clergyman was in the battle of Maiwand, and all speak most highly of him. The plain in front of the city is now covered with dead and dying men and horses, bearing ample proof of the severity of the fight; a ghastly and awful sight. In the evening was the burial of the dead. At 6 p.m. the procession started from the Hospital; first came a gun carriage, on the top of which were the corpses of 4 officers, and behind a string of palanquins or stretchers containing all the poor fellows who had died in the action or of wounds during the day, neatly sewn up in their blankets. Poor fellows, there were no loving hands of dear home friends to comfort them in their last moments; theirs was a soldier’s death, and they met it like soldiers, and by sorrowing comrades they were buried. Behind them came a few of their different regiments; all that could be spared of officers and men off duty followed; and in one large grave under the wall of the Shikarpore Gate of Candahar city they were buried, officers and men together, for they fought and died together; and so they rest. The service was read by the remaining Chaplain, the Rev. G.E. Cave, and all present were greatly affected; whilst outside the wall we could hear firing going on in the villages around. All day and night the men of my battery with their officers live on the walls by the side of their guns ready at any moment. And a night the city walls are lined all round with the Infantry, and the Cavalry dismounted. Neither officers or men are allowed to leave their guns day or night, and they eat, drink, and sleep by the side of the guns.”

There is much more of the same interesting description in the corporal’s letter, but there is no room for more extracts. Shortly after this the garrison was relieved by the gallant troops under Sir Frederick Roberts, who after their unexampled march from Cabul made short work of the Afghan host. Besides this nephew, widow Penfold has a son in the 5th Lancers, and a fine boy in H.M.S. Northampton, the Admiral’s ship, on the Halifax station, who at the age of 17 is one of the signal men on board. The rector can testify that widow Penfold has done all in her power to bring up her sons in the fear of God, and he trusts they will all be an honour to their country, and a blessing to their widowed mother.


Sp. William PENFOLD (1826-1873) [11], son of William PENFOLD (1791-1872) [1] and Hannah HUMPHREY (1802-1845) [2].


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1.1 William PENFOLD (1851- ) [33].

Born 1851. Christened 4 May 1851, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.2 Mary Ann PENFOLD (chr.1852) [34].

Christened 7 Nov 1852.

1.3 Jane PENFOLD (1854-1936) [35].

Born 1854, Lingfield, Surrey, England. Marr Edward POWELL 1873. Died 1936.

Jane was born in Lingfield, Surrey during 1854 and died in 1936.

"Jane was the third child born to William and Mary Penfold (nee Gunn). She was born in the last quarter of 1853 and the birth was registered in the East Grinstead district of Surrey, and Censuses give her place of birth as Lingfield. Although her parents were living in Hartfield, Sussex, Jane's mother Mary came from Lingfield, and no doubt Mary returned to her parent's home for the birth.

Jane was seven years old at the time of 1861 Census in Hartfield and had two brothers, John 4, and Arthur, 2.

By 1871 she was not at the family home in Hartfield and it is thought she went into domestic service.

In the last quarter of 1873 she married Edward Powell (in the Croydon Registration District). On 1881 Census she is 27, and her husband is 32, a General Labourer from Banbury in Oxfordshire and they are living in Church Street, Benedict Village, Mitcham, Surrey. My mother (Daphne) remembers visiting her at this address probably in the early 1920s. Jane was a very large lady who loved to sing, but never in tune!. Daphne also remembers her visiting the family home in Chapter Street, and then being seen onto the bus for the journey home.

Apparently the family always thought that Jane had a lot of money but none came their way when she died!" (From Diana Smith).

Sp. Edward POWELL ( - ) [36].

1.4 John Robert PENFOLD3 (1857-1924) [86].

Born 12 Apr 1857, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Christened 24 May 1857, Hartfield, Sussex, England.4 Marr Mary Jane WILMSHURST 25 Dec 1879, Heathfield, Sussex, England. Marr Louisa MORFILL 6 Jun 1906, Hanover Square, London, England. Died 15 Mar 1924, Charing Cross, London, England.


"John Robert was born on 12th April 1857 and was baptised in Hartfield on 24th May 1857. The family attended the Methodist Chapel there with weekly sermons by the Reverend John Lemon. It seems that John's father, William arranged with the local cordwainer to have him trained in the making and repair of footwear.

It is not known whether this was formal apprenticeship, or merely a friendly arrangement. The 1871 Census lists him at the age of 13 in Hartfield as Labourer.

John married at the age of 21 to Mary Jane Wilmshurst aged 22.

Her father was a farmer at Milsham Farm, Heathfield. They married at the Independent Chapel, Heathfield, and the Reverend John Lemon conducted the ceremony. Frederick Charles Pinniger and Ellen Wilmshurst were witnesses to the marriage. Apparently John would walk from Hartfield, approximately 20 miles to Heathfield each Sunday to meet Mary.

They moved to Field Gate, Mitcham, Surrey, the same year their first son, Frederick William, was born there on 8th December 1879.

They then took over a shop in Queen's Road, Chelsea. Their second son Arthur was born on 24th November 1883, in a house, several doors from their shop. It is not known why he was not born at the home address.

The shop was the centre of the family life. John took orders for boots and shoes and made them himself whilst repairs were done by an assistant.

A third son Charles Edward was born on 1st December 1885. At the beginning of 1886 John Robert's mother died. It is assumed that she was living with John and the family as the Registration of the Death was in Chelsea.

She had obviously come up from Hartfield at some stage either because she was unwell or to help look after the children.

A daughter, Mary Jane, was born on 16th March 1888 and another daughter Mabel was born on 11th November 1890. The 1891 Census lists them at 25 Queens Road and Mabel is 4 months old. Sarah Wilmshurst, John Robert's mother in law was living with them too at this time.

All five children in turn went to the Christ Church National School, Chelsea. It was unfortunate that Fred, who had been selected for further education at the United Westminster Schools, had to leave within a few months to assist his mother with the business, as John Robert had a severe attack of rheumatic fever and several weeks elapsed before he was able to get about again. The doctor's opinion was that he should give up the business after a serious breakdown, and should seek a gradual return to full health in some open-air means of employment. Hence the shop was sold and the family moved. John Robert bought an insurance round, which brought in a small income and Fred found a job in Victoria Street, which brought in a little more money. This all occurred in 1895/6. John Robert set up a shed and bench in the yard of the house in West Chelsea, where he could perform light work.

Charles and the girls were taken in as new pupils at Ashburnham Road School, but after 18 months another move was made to 48 Rosenau Road, Battersea, but only for a short while.

John Robert had been elected as one of the six Labour members returned for the St. John Ward to Westminster City Council on Monday 9th November 1903 and he served for three years until November 1906.

During the 1900s, John's wife Mary Jane's health began to deteriorate, and she died on 29th January 1905 at the London County Asylum, Dartford, Kent.

By now the family had left the Battersea home and had become the first tenants of a flat on the fourth floor of 52 Hogarth Building, Millbank Estate.

John Robert had been running the footwear department of the Co-operative Brotherhood Trust, a store in Clerkenwell, but he now felt well enough to resume shopwork and a few printed cards announcing the opening of the shop advertised it to many on the estate. The shop was just around the corner in Chapter Street and was very convenient.

John married for the second time, Louisa Morfill, a widow, on the June 1906 at The Register Office, St. George Hanover Square. May Eliza Morfill, a daughter from Louisa's first marriage, and Frederick William Penfold were witnesses. Louisa ran a Sweet Shop in Rampayne Street, Westminster, but they lived in Lupus Street.

John Robert died on 15th March 1924 of Endocarditis and Multiple Emboli aged 66 years at Charing Cross Hospital. He was buried at Mitcham Old Churchyard where Lord Snell conducted a short meeting in the chapel prior to the interment. He is buried in unconsecrated ground with his sister, Jane and his daughter, Mabel."

(From Diana Smith)



To demand the amendment and passing of the Unemployed Bill.


Derby Daily Telegraph: 14th December 1916



At Bow-street to-day, ex-Inspector John Syme, secretry of the National Union of Police and the Prison Officials' Union and William George Mead, printer of Putney, wee charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations, with spreading reports and makding statements likely to prejudice the discipline of the Metropolitian Police Force, and John Robert Penfold, a bootmaker, and treasurer of the Union of Westminster, was charged with aiding and abetting them. There was also charge against Syme and Mead of being concerned in publishing statements in newspaper called "The Police and Prison Officers' Journal," likely to prejudice the discipline of the police.

Mr Bodkin, for the Public Prosecutor said proceedings had been taken in respect of speeches made by Syme and Penfold in Hyde Park on Sundays, and in respect of matters appearing in "The Police and Prison Officials' Journal" of which Syme was editor and proprietor, and W.G.Mead and Co. the printers. It would be as well to state that newsagents who sold copies of the paper containing the matter prohibited by the regulations would find themselves in an awkward position. In consequence of the past history of the Police Union and the increasing mischief which it was doing, an order was made prohibiting any member of the force from attending any meeting held under its auspicis. The journal had made numerous references to this order, all of them being in the direction of inciting to disobedience to it. Some members of the force had already been dismissed for joining the Union. With regard to the journal, its sole object was the underming of authority. It extolled the speeches of Syme without reprinting, and printed letters from Union members urging rebellion against the authorities. Those attacks, added Mr. Bodkin, on the part of Syme, a completely discredited person and a dismissed policeman, had been made from motives of revenge and with complete unscrupulness. The defendants were remanded in custody.


Evening Telegraph And Post: 19th December 1916


As Witness In Bow Street Court Case.

The adjourned hearing of the charge against ex-Inspector John Syme, William George Mead, and John Robert Penfold took place at Bow Street to-day. The first two men were charged with spreading reports likely to prejudice the discipline of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Penfold with aiding and abetting. Syme was further charged with publishing in the newspaper called The Police and Prison Officers' Journal statements likely to have the same predudicial effect.

Syme said in defence he wished to call witnesses, including Mr Herbert Samuel, as to regulations issued by the Home Office.

The Magistrate said there was no need to call Mr Samuel. Syme said the whole prosecution was a plot of the Government to persecute him. Defendant read a statement setting forth the object of the National Union of Police and Prison Officials, which he said were to defend the police force against tyranny in the interests of the men themselves and the public.

Evidence was given that Mead was not associated with the other defendants and only printed their paper as a business matter. Taking his good character into account, the Magistrate fined Mead £25. The proceedings against Syme and Penfold were adjourned.


The Manchester Evening News: Tuesday, December 19, 1916


Charged Under the Defence of the Realm Act.

At Bowstreet, London, to-day, ex-Inspector John Syme was again charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations with having made statements of a prohibitive character in speeches which he delivered in hyde Park and Regent's Park on November 26, December 3, and December 19. John Robert Penfold was charged with aiding him and William George Mead, the printer of "The Police and Prison Officials' Journal" of which Symes is the editor also took his place in the dock.

The proceedings were taken under the recent regulations forbidding anyone by word of mouth, or in writing, or in any newspaper, to spread reports or make statements intended or likely to prejudice the discipline of any police force.

Mr Bodkin, for the Treasury, had alleged that the prisoners thought that the present was the proper time to attack persistently in a most malicious manner many of the most respectable officers of the Metropolitan police force.

A policeman produced a police order of November 13 circulated among the Metropolitan Police intimating that any one joining the Federation rendered himself liable to dismissal. Every member was prohibited from attending meetings where language was used inciting to insubordination. Witness had attended meetings in many parts of London, and had noticed Penfold at most of them. Penfold had been referred to as treasurer of the union.

Cross-examined by Syme, he agreed that he had never heard any speaker incite the police to strike. He had heard them councel the police not the strike. He had heard Syme refer to what he called scandals of the force.

In the course of further cross-examination witness said he had heard Syme complain that the police were unable to do their duty in the matter of the supervision of public houses and other places owing to the friendship of people with superior police officers.


Syme: Have you heard me say that the blackmail of Germans who should be interned was a danger to the realm? Yes. Witness said that Syme had made allegations against high officials of receiving money.


Syme, in his defence, complained that he had been persecuted for some years. "It is a case of hushing up the trruth all the way through" he said. having called the Right Hon. Herbert Samuel as witness, and no reply being forthcoming, Syme asked for a remand. On this being refused defendant protested, and in the course of his address to the magistrate said, "It is known that you are under orders to convict me, your Worship - a contemptible act on the part of the British Governament"

It was stated that Mead's connection with the case was that he merely printed the journale as a matter of business.

The magistrate fined Mead £25 and costs. The case against Syme was further adjourned.


Western Daily Press: 23rd December 1916


Ex-Inspector John Syme, secretary of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers, and John Robert Penfold, treasurer of the Union, again appeared at Bow Street, yesterday, the first named being charged with spreading reports and making statements likely to predudice the discipline of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Penfold with aiding and abetting. Syme was sentenced to six months' in prisonment, and Penfold was ordered to find a surety in £100 to be of good behaviour for twelve months. Penfold having given assurance that he would comply with this order, a surety came forward, and he was released. Syme said he intended to appeal.


Westminster and Pimlico News: 24th March 1924

We much regret to have to announce the death of Mr. John Robert Penfold, a well known local Labour leader and worker in Westminster for the past 30 years. Mr. Penfold passed away on Saturday last after a very brief illness. He was at one time a member of the Westminster City Council, representing the St. John's ward, in which he lived and worked as a shoemaker. There was no mistaking Mr. Penfold's zeal for the betterment of the working-classes; nor was it possible to question his rigid honesty and desire to "play the game." He had read widely, and was an interesting conversationalist. Ever ready to give a political opponent credit for the best of motives, he would plunge eagerly into an argument at any moment, and he was so original - often quaintly - that it was always delightful to listen to him. The writer had a talk with him a few weeks back, and he was profoundly thankful that he had lived long enough to see a Labour Government. And he was full of ambitious schemes for the future welfare of Westminster - from his own party point of view.

(From the Westminster and Pimlico News, March 21, 1924 supplied by Diana Smith).


Sp. Mary Jane WILMSHURST (1856-1905) [87].

1.4.1 Frederick William PENFOLD (1879-1918) [105].

Born 8 Dec 1879, Mitcham, Surrey, England. Died 1 Jan 1918, Camberwell, London, England.


Frederick William Penfold was the first born of John Robert's children and was born on 8th December 1879 in Mitcham, Surrey. On the 1881 census he is one year old at the address of Field Gate, Mitcham, Surrey, and living with his father John Robert, his mother Mary Jane, and Charles, John Robert's younger brother.

The following is taken from Arthur Penfold's 'Reminiscences':

"When the family moved to Chelsea, Fred went to Christ Church National School, but it was unfortunate that although he had been selected with others from the senior class for further education at the United Westminster Schools, he had to leave within a few months in order to assist his mother with the business as John Robert had a severe attack of rheumatic fever and was unable to work for some months.

Fred played cricket for the old scholars of Christ Church, Chelsea, who were known as 'Old Meltonians'. Fred was secretary for this club until 1914 when he had to join up. He was classed as A1 and underwent training on Salisbury Plain and elsewhere. He ended up in hospital with a growth in the head too serious for any radical treatment. He lingered on and finally died on 1st January 1918"

"Pimlico Chapel (a good mile from the old Chelsea home) was the family rendezvous for Sunday morning and evening services, we three boys attending afternoon school there as well"

"Fred had become a valued and capable assistant in the tailoring business which had acquired repute so that his chief had taken over responsibility for fulfilling contracts with the Royal Military academy for the supply of military service gear. He had to spend part of his working day in travelling to and from Woolwich. He took up elocution at evening class and thereby acquired a good knowledge of some Shakespearean plays.

The keenites of the elocution class wished to extend their dramatic activities beyond evening school and Fred was persuaded to run the Iris Dramatic Society for two or three years before 1914 and this company undertook rehearsals and performances in several church halls and institutes in the London area. The accommodation for rehearsals was probably provided by one of the members as some compensation to Fred for bearing the business side so gallantly."

Daphne Moore (nee Goodwin), Frederick's niece, can remember being taken to visit him in hospital just before he died. She also remembers that he worked for a tailor called Plumbs in Victoria Street.

He died in the 1st London general Hospital R.A.M.C. (T), Myatts Park, Camberwell. The death certificate states he was 38 years old, and occupation private 163683, 686 Labour Corps. The cause of death was (1) Neoplasm of brain and (2) Haemorrhage from rectum.

The following is an extract taken from Westminster Council Minutes of 2nd July 1903:

Transfer of Licenses - we submit the following notices of intention to apply for the transfer of licences:

Date of Motion - St. Paul's Covent Garden 8th June

Premises - The Nag's Head, 10 James St, Covent Garden, Intoxicating Liquors

Name of Applicant: - Moore, Alfred Aylett, Naylor, Thomas

Name of person to whom the licence is proposed to be transferred: - Penfold, Frederick William

(notes by Diana Smith)


Probate: PENFOLD Frederick William of 17 Chapter-street Westminster Middlesex died 1 January 1918 at London General Hospital Brixton Surrey Administration London 19 January to John Robert Penfold bootmaker. Effects £285 13s 1d.


1.4.2 Arthur James PENFOLD (1883-1961) [106].

Born 24 Nov 1883, Chelsea, London, England.5 Marr Florence Eunice SPRAGG 11 Apr 1914. Marr Daisy Eleanor SPRAGG 7 Jun 1930. Died 28 Jan 1961.


Arthur was known as Art within the family.

According to Arthur's reminiscences he was born in a house several doors along from the family shop in Queens Road, Chelsea, and he never found out why!

"At the end of 1895, I had completed three terms work at the school in Palace Street… a great effort was made to fit me out for boarding school, (Emanuel) as it appears that my record was sufficiently promising for that effort to be made in my favour. For one of the family to be laid aside in this was no small sacrifice on the part of father and mother, for although I would be away each year for some nine months, the remaining three would be spent at home, when I would not be earning my keep. This went on for nearly five years, but during the last three, by means of a small honorarium for clearing up work each day in the school laboratories, I managed to cover most of my clothing expenses. This work did expose one's garments to occasional contact with acids or alkalis which played havoc with the best of materials, and such damage could have been reduced by the use of overalls."

By mid June 1901 Arthur joined the clerical staff of the Accountant General of the Post Office, working in the Inland Telegraph Branch which was housed in the old St. Martin's le Grand building in the City. Within a few months his health gave way and neurasthenia took over. He had a short stay in Lincolnshire and then a voyage to Dublin with his father who arranged for him to stay at a farmhouse in the Wicklow Hills. He stayed there for several months and was then allowed to resume his former work in the ITB but he then fell from a newly acquired bicycle, which laid him low once again. There then seemed little prospect of any early return to duty so he was put off for health reasons and was granted a small gratuity. His eyes were always out of focus after that accident and having fallen violently on his right side, his left was seriously paralysed. He was left-handed and this meant farewell to his left arm bowling, but later he did recover sufficiently to engage in cricket again as a main recreation. For two years whilst unemployed he opened and closed his father's boot making/repair shop.

Arthur married Florence Eunice Spragg on 11th April 1914 and they had two sons, Donald Robert born 5th March 1915 and Geoffrey born 24th January 1920.

Florence died on 11th July 1928. She was a 'Christian Scientist' and wouldn't seek treatment.

On 7th June 1930 Arthur married Daisy Spragg, his first wife's younger sister.

Arthur died on 28th January 1961 from Bronchopneumonia aged 77 years.

Daisy died about 1965.

(notes by Diana Smith)


Sp. Florence Eunice SPRAGG (1880-1928) [107].

Sp. Daisy Eleanor SPRAGG (1891- ) [108].

1.4.3 Charles Edward PENFOLD (1885-1907) [109].

Born 1 Dec 1885, Chelsea, Middlesex, England. Died 24 Apr 1907, Vauxhall Bridge, London, England.


Charles was born on 1st December 1885 at Chelsea, the third of John Robert’s children.

He went to Ashburnham Road School and attended Pimlico Chapel on Sundays, morning and evening and afternoon school as well.

The family moved from Chelsea to Westminster and John Robert took up his own shop again. The following is an extract from Charles’ brother Arthur’s reminiscences:

One does wish that father had not insisted that Charles should give up his temporary job as a junior in the Colonial Office, at a time when Joseph Chamberlain was in charge. Charles used to relate some droll stories about the man with the monocle and the orchid. Father would not see his way to put in a full day at the shop, hence it did not prosper as it might have done. Charles became disheartened, went off and found another clerical job, whereupon he was ordered to leave home and did so. However, about this time, father married again, and one of the conditions of this second mating may have been a change of feeling for the exiled member of the family. Charles celebrated his return to the fold by contracting scarlet fever, and this was the prime cause of his death on 6th April 1907.

Charles did not seem to recover from the scarlet fever, which he had contracted in October 1906. He had been treated in the Fulham Fever Hospital where he stayed for seven weeks but once home he became melancholy and depressed. Perhaps the death of his maternal grandmother (who lived with the family) in August 1904, followed by the long illness and eventual death of his mother in January 1905. The expectation his father had of him to assist in the shop contributed to the depression, and being banished from home would certainly not have helped.

On the evening of 6th April 1907 he went out with his brother Arthur. They were walking over Vauxhall Bridge when suddenly Charles vaulted the parapet and jumped into the river. He was carried away by the tide and drowned. His body was recovered from the River Thames at Anchor Wharf, Upper Thames Street 18 days later. He was only 21 years old. An inquest was held and the jury recorded a verdict that the deceased took his own life whilst insane.

The death certificate states that ‘Dead body found twenty fourth April 1907, River Thames, off Anchor Wharf, Blackfriars’, that his occupation had been a Commerical Clerk of 32 Rampayne Street, Westminster, and that the cause of death was ‘asphyxia by drowning. Took his own life while insane by jumping over Vauxhall Bridge on 6th April 1907 p.m.’ The death was registered on 26th April 1907.

(notes by Diana Smith)


Westminster & Pimlico Times: April 12, 1907

A Vauxhall Bridge Tragedy - Suicide of Mr. J.R.Penfold's youngest son.

Vauxhall Bridge was the scene of a distressing tragedy on Saturday evening. Mr Charles Edward Penfold, the youngest of the three sons of Mr. J. R.Penfold, of Chapter Street, Westminster, was walking over the bridge with his brother, when he suddenly vaulted the parapet and sprang into the river. He was carried away by the tide, and was never seen again. The deceased was only 21 years of age, and his studious habits made him a young man of great promise. Recently he had been suffering acutely from melancholia, which set in after an attack of scarlet fever in October. When he contracted the disease he was removed to an isolation hospital, and his letters to his parents from that institution were full of humour, and seemed to show that he was recovering in an eminently satisfactory manner. But when he returned home, it was at once recognised that his health was not fuly restored. He was subject to fits of depressin, and although every effort was made to arouse him out of his despondency, he never regained his good spirits. As time went on his health showed no improvement, and a

month ago it was resolved to try the effect of a change of air and scenery. Accordingly he went on a visit to some friends at Godstone in Surrey. He stayed there three weeks, and returned home on Thursday night last week. There was no improvement in his condition, and he remained under medical treatment.

The doctor who was attending the deceased last saw himat tea-time on Saturday - within a few hours of his death. After spending half-an-hour with him, he told his father that he might expect him to get better soon, and he certainly appeared to be brighter than usual. Later in the eveing the deceasd went out for a walk with his brother. He apperd to have relapsed into one of his despondent moods again, and it was remarked that he walked slowly and wearily. The brothers turned towards Vauxhall Bridge, which they crossed on the west side.

Suddenly, without speaking a word, the deceased took a step backwards and, before anything would be done to prevent him, leaped over the parapet and flung himself into the water. It was quite dark at the time, and there were few people about. Before the distraught brother could obtain asistance of any kind the deceased had been carreid away by the tide, and he was seen no more. The body has not yet been recovered.

Deep and widespread sympathy is felt with the unfortunate young man's parents. His father has taken and active and prominent part in public affairs, and is one of the best known men in the neighbourhood. He was until November last a member of the Westminster City Council. Many years ago he was a wel known figure in Chelsea, where he carreid on business in Royal Hospital Road.

Mr. J.R. Penfold wishes, through the mdeium of our columns, to acknowledge the numerous leters of sympathy and condolence which he has received.


1.4.4 Mary Jane PENFOLD (1888-1966) [110].

Born 16 Mar 1888, Chelsea, London, England.5 Marr Edmund James GOODWIN 28 Jan 1939, Westminster, London, England.6 Died 16 Aug 1966, Queen Mary's Hospital, Roehampton.


Mary Jane Penfold was John Robert’s fourth child and first daughter. She was born on 16th March 1888 at 25 Queen’s Road, Chelsea, where her father ran a bookmaking/repair shop. Her mother, Mary Jane Penfold (nee Wilmshurst) registered the birth on 23rd April.

Mary went to Christ Church national School, Chelsea and later Ashburnham Road School and Horseferry Road School when John Robert and the family moved to the new council flat in Hogarth Buildings on the Millbank Estate.

At some stage in her late teens she fell from a cart and infection set in which resulted in Mary having to have her kneecap removed. For the rest of her life she walked without being able to bend her left leg and had to learn to tuck her ‘unbendable’ leg out of the way.

Extract from Arthur Penfold’s reminiscences (Arthur being Mary Jane’s elder brother):

“About the year 1900 our own mother’s health gave way and gradually worsened to the inevitable end in 1904. Mary Jane who was still quite young and at school had to contrive household matters for her father and brothers who were keeping the home together and did everything possible to preserve its cheerful atmosphere. During his council service, father had been appointed to the Management Board of a group of schools and he found time to attend the schools and interest himself in their manner of working and in the staff of teachers. Mary Jean’s form teacher and the headmistress of Horseferry Road Council School as well, were hoping that she would go into training for that calling. However, the position of the remaining members of the family rendered a continuance at school out of the question, and instead the younger sister Mabel two years later went into training at the centre in Battersea, gained her certificate, married, and became one of the staff of St.James the Less school in Westminster….”

Although registered as Mary Jane, she was known as Mary Jean, and in fact ‘Din’ was substituted for Jean and she was known as Din or Aunty Din by the family.

Being the oldest daughter Din obviously had a tough time helping to run her father’s bootmaking shop and looking after her father and siblings Frederick, Arthur, Charles and Mabel during her mother’s long illness and after she died on 29th January 1905.

Her maternal grandmother who lived with the family had also died the previous august of 1904, so by the age of sixteen Din had a lot to contend with. Her father remarried on 6th June 1906 and he moved to Rampayne Street, Westminster, with his new wife Louisa. Din continued to run the shop (which by now was in Chapter Street, Westminster) and look after the home and family but less than a year later her brother Charles took his own life by jumping off Vauxhall Bridge into the Thames on 6th April 1907. He was 21 years old. The family was devastated but Din courageously continued to hold the fort.

Her sister Mabel must have started her teacher training circa 1910 as she commenced teaching in Gillingham, Kent, in April 1912. She married Edmund James Goodwin on 6th September 1913 at the register office, St. George Hanover Square, and their daughter Daphne Jean was born on 29th January 1914 at 28 Buckingham Chambers, Westminster. Edmund fought in the First World War so Mabel and Daphne moved into the flat above the bootmaking shop in Chapter Street and lived with Din. Mable took up her second teaching appointment at St. James the Less School, Westiminster.

Din's oldest brother Frederick had joined up for the First World War, but during training on Salisbury Plain he developed a growth on the brain and after a long illness he died in 1st London General Hospital (R.A.M.C) Camberwell on 1st January 1918. This was yet another loss for Din and her family to cope with.

At some stage Din became engaged to a young man whose surname was Gable. He eventually broke off the engagement. Could it have been because he was related to Din's stepmother whose maiden name had been Gmble before her first marriage?

Din's father John Robert died on 15th March 1924 at Charing Cross Hospital, but she continued to run the shop.

When her older sister Mabel died in April 1934, Din continued to look after the home for Edmund James Goodwin (Mabel's widowed husband, Din's brother in law), as he had been living there on his return from the war. On 28th January 1939 Din married Edmund James, he being 51 years old and a widower, and she being 50 years old and a spinster and his sister in law. They married at The Register Office, Westminister and witnesses were Arthur J. Penfold, Din's brother, and Daphne Jean Moore (nee Goodwin), Edmund's daughter from his marriage to Mabel Penfold. She now became Daphne's stepmother as well as her aunt. Daphne never felt entirely comfortable with her.

They continued to live above the shop until the Second World War broke out and then they lived in a cottage in Byfield, Northamptonshire for five years. When they moved back to London they found a flat at 285 Putney Bridge Road and Edmund worked as an instructor in woodwork at the Wandsworth Technical Institute. Unfortunately in 1953 he had to have an operation as a result of a previous war wound and died shortly afterward on 15th March 1953. Mary made her will on 18th March 1953 and this was signed by Winifred Stock and Maurice Morre, her niece Daphne's husband.

Din gave up the Putney flat and went to live in Herne Bay with her friend Dee. This only lasted for fifteen months and they Mary was lucky enough to become a resident receptionist for daphne's doctor in Kennington, in fact in the same street in which Daphne lived.

Din sadly contracted breast cancer and suffered a long and unpleasant illness. She had to resign from her Doctor's receptionist job and moved in with her niece-cum-stepdaughter Daphne at 86 Courtenay Street, Kennington, firstly having the upstairs bedroom as a bed-sit and later moving to the front room downstairs. She died on 16th August 1966 in Queen mary's Hospital, London. S.W.15.

She often played 'Patience' to pass the time. She enjoyed reading and writing and frequently wrote leters to newspapers and magazines many of which were published. She also had a short children's story published in 'Kiddies' magazine in the 1950s. She saved many postcards, birthday cards, concert programmes, children's drawings, and family photographs, and made notes of special events and kept them in aspecially made Scrap Book. This Scrap Book has proved to be invaluable for the Family History Research.

Because she was Daphne's stepmother but also her aunt, she was known to Diana and Roger, Daphne's children, as Aunty Granny.

(Notes by Diana Smith)


Sp. Edmund James GOODWIN (1887-1953) [112].

1.4.5 Mabel PENFOLD (1890-1934) [113].

Born 11 Nov 1890, Chelsea, London, England.5 Marr Edmund James GOODWIN 6 Sep 1913, St. Georges, Hanover Square, England. Died 7 Apr 1934.

Mabel was born the last of John Robert Penfold's children on 11th November 1890 at 25 Queen's Road Chelsea, and she was 4 months old on 1891 Census for that address. She went to Christ Church National School, Chelsea, then Ashburnham Road School. After the family moved to Westminster she attended Horseferry Road School. Whilst living in Westminister the family attended Pimlico Chapel where their father was a lay preacher.

Her elder sister, Mary Jean, had been singled out at the Horseferry Road School to train as a teacher, but as she had to look father her father and the rest of the family after their mother's death on 29th January 1905; it was Mabel who later trained at Battersea to become a teacher.

It is thought she may have taught Gipsies after she had first trained as she later spoke of them to her daughter. This may have been a temporary appointment.

Mabel lodged with Eve Jarvis in Byron Road, Gillingham, Kent and on Monday 15th April 1912, when Mabel was 21 years old, she took up a full time teaching appointment at Barnsole Road Junior School, Gillingham, Kent. This was the day the school re-opened after the Easter Holidays and 50 children were received from the Infant School and the classes were rearranged and Mabel was allotted Standard 3.

The following extracts are taken from the School Log Book:


Monday June 3rd - School re-opened after Whit Holiday

Tuesday June 4th - Mabel Penfold absent owning to illness

Friday June 7th - Mabel Penfold forwarded Medical Certificate

Monday June 10th - Mabel Penfold retuned to duty

Wednesday October 16th - Mabel Penfold absent with a cold

Monday 21st October - returned bringing Medical Certificate for the last week


May 5th - Classes rearranged and Mabel allotted Class 4 Standard V

Wednesday July 23rd - Mabel absent owing to indisposition

Friday July 25th - Returned to duty

Monday September 1st School re-opened after summer holidays. Mabel absent owning to sister's illness.

Monday September 8th - Mabel resigned on account of sister's health

Mabel Penfold married Edmund James Goodwin (who she had met through Eve Jarvis at her lodgings) on 6th September 1913 at The Register Office, Westminster. This was two days before she handed in her resignation at the Barnsole Road School in Gillingham. She had not returned to the school since the beginning of the new term. Both gave their address on the marriage certificate as 28 Buckingham Chambers, Westminster. May Harrison, one of the witnesses, was a very great friend of Mabel's.

Mabel gave birth at 28 Buckingham Chambers to Daphne Jean on 29th January 1914, approximately 5 months after the wedding. At some stage shortly after the birth they moved into the flat above Mabel's father's (John Robert's) shoe shop at 17 Chapter street and lived with her sister Mary Jane.

Edmund James Goodwin fought in the First World War and spent a long time in a hospital in Birmingham suffering from wounds. Daphne remembers running along the passageway at Chapter Street to greet him on his return.

At some stage Mabel recommenced teaching. She took a post at St. James the Less School in Westminster where initially she taught the older boys in the Junior Department. Later she taught the infant children. He daughter Daphne was childminded by a Mr. and Mrs. Wilmshurst. Mr. Wilmshurst was a tailor and Daphne can remember him sitting in the window stitching. When Daphne was four she went along to the school with her mother.

Daphne can remember shopping in High Street, Kensington, with her mother and going to buy hats in Bourne and Hollingsworth.

Mabel and Edmund enjoyed playing Bridge, often with Tommy Thompson, a good friend.

Mabel also enjoyed cooking and often cooked for the cricket team as well as other visitors who came to the flat, one of them being Molly Reid, a teaching friend from Ealing, who lived well into her nineties and remained a good friend to Daphne.

Mabel was instrumental in finding Daphne a job when she left school with the London Tramway Company and over the course of time met all the 'girls' Daphne befriended, i.e. Winifred Stock, Daph Bourne, Elsie Marsh, Rene Wakeman.

Mabel went every Saturday to Raynes Park where Edmund played cricket and she used to score for the team.

At Christmas time Lena Goodwin, Cousin Joan and Auntie Grace would visit Chapter Street.

Mabel was healthy and fit all of her life other than regular monthly migraines. However, she became ill when she was only 44 years old and was admitted to Middlesex Hospital where she died on 7th April 1934 of an Intestinal Obstruction. Mabel had said to her daughter Daphne before she died 'Remember, Aunty's your best friend'

She made a will on November 7th 1927 at the age of 37. The will was witnessed by B.Olding, the Head teacher of St. James the Less School.

(Notes by Diana Smith).

Sp. Edmund James GOODWIN (1887-1953) [112].

Sp. Louisa MORFILL (c. 1851- ) [88].

1.5 Arthur Edward PENFOLD (1859- ) [89].

Born 1859, Hartfield, Sussex, England.7 Christened 5 Jun 1859, Hartfield, Sussex, England.8

, Saturday, December 20, 1890

THE LIVERPOOL MURDER CASE. - It has been placed beyond doubt that Arthur Penfold, charged with the murder of a woman at Liverpool, is identical with a grocer's assistant who recently absconded from East Grinstead. On seeing the name in the newspapers Police Superintendent Barry, of East Grinstead, telegraphed to Liverpool for a portrait, which came to hand yesterday and was at once recognised by the prisoner's brother, Charles Penfold, a boot and shoe maker, carrying on business in Green Vine Road, East Grinstead. Charles informed a reporter last evening that Arthur served in the 5th Lancers, and was invalided out of the service suffering with heart disease. He afterwards joined the Sussex Artillery Militia under the name of Peter Bright. He used to complain very much of his head, and the pain was always aggravated by drink. Even if he took only a little liquor it made him like a lunatic. There was no insanity in the family, but his grandmother was eplileptic, and his mother died in an epileptic fit. He absconded about a fortnight ago with 18/. belonging to his employer.


The Manchester Evening News, Tuesday, December 23, 1890



Inquiries yesterday resulted in little further information as to the identification of the murdered woman Stewart or Cowie. A considerable number of people have viewed her body, some whom have known her during the period of her life spent in Liverpool. Up till a late hour last evening she had not been identified, and her parentage and place of birth still remain a mystery. It is believed, however, that she was formerly resident in Glasgow and Edinburgh. As to her Liverpool life it appears that until about five weeks ago the deceased woman was the keeper of a house of ill-fame in a court off Lambert Street.

The following are the antecedents of Arthur Edward Penfold, the full and correct name of the accused, which form quite a melancholy story. He was the son of a tollgate keeper and was born at Hartfield, a pretty rural village on the borders of Ashdown Forest, in the north of Sussex. His parents are long since dead. He served in the 5th Lancers, and was invalided out of the service with heart disease, and afterwards joined the Sussex Artillery Militia under the assumed name of Peter Bright. He appears to have won the good opinion of every one with whom he came in contact, but was liable to give way to drink, and when he had only a small quantity he was “like a madman” Generally a teetotaller, he appears to have periodically broken out, and then he would leave his situation, however profitable it was, and, without warning, go away, often turning up in a deplorable state of destitution. Writing to his brother from Norwich Union Infirmary in 1888, after speaking of his misery, the letter runs: “Sad to lead a life like this: you cannot wonder at my being laid up. What a fool I must be to do it when I might be settled down and comfortable. What a poor, weak-minded fool for yielding so easy to temptation. I feel as if there was no hope for me; it seems no use praying; there is no God to hear my prayer. I have sinned away my day of grace, and must now take my chance. Oh, that I had never left the proper path. It is too late for me now. I am glad you are all right, dear brother, Keep to the patch and don’t yield one inch to the devil, or he will surely soon be your master.” He returned to East Grinstead after that, and his old master, hearing that he was again in the town, sent for him, and without asking any questions as to his career during his long absence at once installed him into his old place of grocer’s and draper’s porter. Several months ago he had another outbreak, and not returning with a horse and van to his employer’s shop, information was given to the police. Penfold was discovered drugged and insensible on Tunbridge Wells Common and the horse and van on another part of the common not under control. He then admitted that he had given was to drink and to immoral women, with whom he generally got associated after taking even a moderate amount of liquor. He was brought up at the East Grinstead Police Court, and the charge was withdrawn, and, strange to say, there were two former employers whom he had in his freaks forsaken waiting to offer him a situation, even, as one of them said, “If Penfold had done a couple of months’ imprisonment.” He went back into the employment of the draper and grocer, however, and went on properly until a fortnight ago, when he was sent to Horley with the horse and van. The morning was bitterly cold, and it was snowing fast, and there is no doubt that Penfold indulged in a little intoxicants to warm him. As usual it got over him, and when put up the horse and cart at Horley, after collecting an account of £18, he went off, and was not heard of till his name was identified by East Grinstead police in connection with the Liverpool tragedy. He was then “wanted” for stealing the £18 alluded to. It may be interesting to state that though such a trustworthy employee when he kept to his temperance pledge he occasionally complained of pains in the head, and was sometimes strange in his manner. It seems also that his grandmother was subject to epilepsy and his mother died in an epileptic fit.


The inquest on the body of the deceased woman Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, was opened yesterday before Mr. Clark Aspinall in the Coroner’s Court, Dale-street. The jury, after viewing the body at the mortuary of the Royal Infirmary, were dismissed by the coroner and bound over to appear next Monday at one o’clock, and in the meantime the whole affair will be further investigated. At the time the inquest was adjourned the identification of the unfortunate woman had not been clearly established.


Liverpool Mercury, Wednesday, Decembe 24, 1890

THE CAB TRAGEDY. Prisoner Before The Magistrate.

At the Liverpool Police Court, yesterday before Mr. Raffles, stipendiary magistrate, Arthur Penfold was charged with having caused the death of Margaret Stewart, alias Cowie, on Wednesday, December 17, by stabbing her whilst in a cab driving from Ranelagh-street to the residence of the deceased in Lambert-street. The prisoner, who seems to be a man about 30 years of age, was well dressed, and during the few minutes he was in the dock conducted himself in a calm manner.

Mr. Moss (prosecuting solicitor) said that he must ask his worship to adjourn the case for a week, in order that the police might make further inquiries in regard to the identification of the deceased.

Mr. Raffles. - It is quite right. I will adjourn the case for a week. - Prisoner, who offered no opposition, was then removed below.





Throughout Sussex, and especially in East Grinstead and Hartfield, where the prisoner Penfold was so well known, the news of the terrible and extraordinary tragedy in a cab in Liverpool has created a profound impression, and not a little excitement, and those who knew him intimately will hardly credit the astounding news, Penfold being considered a man of affectionate and amiable disposition. The TERRIBLE STORY is being discussed by everybody in his native place, and there are few acquaintances who fail to ask, “What’s your opinion about Penfold?” The reply is generally one expressing sympathy with the poor fellow for it is generally asserted that, though he was a man who was very much liked, still he was frequently “queer in his head”, and when he gave way in the slightest degree to drink he was not responsible for this actions. Indeed there is AMPLE PROOF that he comes from a weak-minded stock in which there is hereditary epilepsy and imbecility. As previously stated his grandmother was an epileptic, his mother expired whilst seized with an epileptic fit, and he has a brother who suffers from epilepsy. It has also been ascertained that there is a first cousin a lunatic still living in Hartfield, who has periodically to be confined in an asylum, another cousin a confirmed epileptic who has also to be occasionally placed under control, and another first cousin, a man named Carr, living at Hartfield, who a few months ago was charged at the East Grinstead Petty Sessions with attempting to commit suicide.


Yesterday, at the City Police Court, before Mr. Raffles, the man, Arthur Penfold, charged with having caused the death of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, was again remanded for a week in order that the police may complete their inquires as to the identity of the deceased woman.


The Belfast News-Letter, Tuesday, December 30, 1890.


Liverpool, Monday. - At Liverpool to-day an inquest was held on the body of a young woman named Cowie or Stewart, who is alleged to have been murdered in a cab by Arthur Penfold now in custody. Evidence having been given as to the finding of the woman and to the arrest of Penfold, who admitted that he had stabbed the woman, a witness named Ross deposed that she lived with deceased in a house of ill-fame at Glasgow, and travelled to Liverpool with her. She knew her as Stewart, but saw a letter addressed to her from her mother, at Greenock, as Janet Cowie. A verdict of wilful murder against Penfold was returned.


Birmingham Daily Post, Tuesday, December 30, 1890.

THE MURDER IN A CAB. - The inquest on the woman who was murdered in a cab in Liverpool was resumeed yesterday. The identity of the victim has not yet been clearly established, but a woman who knew her two and a half years ago in Glasgow said she had seen a letter addressed to deceased from her mother at Lerwick in the name of Margaret Cowie. She seems also to have been known by the name of Margaret Stewart. It appeard from other evidence that deceased had lived with the prisoner, Arthur Penfold, in Liverpool for a week previous to the tragedy, and that both had drunk heavily together. When getting out of the cab prisoner told a constable he had stabbed the woman, and hoped she was dead, saying she told him to do it. The jury returned a verdict of "Wilful murder" against Penfold.


The Dundee Courier and Argus: Wednesday, December 31,1890

THE LIVERPOOL CAB MYSTERY. - Arthur Edward Penfold was at Liverpool yesterday committed for trial charged with the murder of Margaret Stewart alias Isabella Cowie, an unfortunate.


Freeman's Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser [Dublin], Tuesday, December 30, 1890.


Liverpool, Monday.

An inquest was held here to day by the Coroner on the body of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, who was murdered in a cab on the 17th inst in Lambert street. The deceased was not identified by any relative. She came originally from Scotland and settled in Liverpool, where she led a loose life. Two of four wounds inflicted between the ribs penetrated the heart, one also going through the liver. a verdict of wilful murder was returned against Arthur Penfold, a Surreyman, who had been living with the deceased and got on the spree.


Aberdeen Weekly Journal, Tuesday, December 30, 1890.

At Liverpool yesterday, an inquest was held on the body of the young woman named Cowie or Stewart, who is alleged to have been murdered in a cab by Arthur Penfold, now in custody. Evidence having been given as to the finding of the woman and as to the arrest of Penfold, who admitted that he had stabbed the woman, a witness named Ross deposed that she lived with deceased in an irregular house at Glasgow, and travelled to Liverpool with her. She knew her as Stewart, but saw a letter addressed to her from her mother at Lerwick as Janet Cowie. A verdict of wilful muder against Penfold was returned.


The Liverpool Mercury, Wednesday, December 31, 1890.


Yesterday, at the Liverpool City Police Court, Arthur Edward Penfold, 31 years of age, was brought up on remand before Mr. Raffles, charged with having, on the 17th December, feloniously, wilfully, and of malice aforethought, killed Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, of 28, Lambert-street. Mr. Moss conducted the prosecution. The prisoner, who had already been committed for trial to the assizes on the coroner's warrant, was undefended. The court was crowded, amonst those present being many of the associates of the deceased who belonged to the "unfortunate" class. Evidence given at the coroner's inquiry was recapitulated without variation. All the witnesses having been examined, the dispositions were read over by Mr. Savage, assistant magistrates' clerk, after which Mr. Raffles administered the usual caution to the prisoner and asked him if he had anything to say. The accussed replied, "I have nothing to say." He was then committed for trial at the next Liverpool Assizes.

During the hearing of the case the prisoner was accommodated with a seat in the dock, and manifested a stolid demeaneour, except when the clothing of the deceased was produced, at the sight of which he hung down his head, and appeared to be deeply affected.


Manchester Times, Friday, January 2, 1891.


The Liverpool coroner held an inquest on Monday on the body of Margaret Stewart, alias Cowie, who was stabbed to death in a cab in Liverpool on 17th inst. by Arthur Penfold. Evidence was given as to the girl having lived an irregular life for some time, and as to her intimacy with Penfold - Agnes Ross, and "unfortunate", now living in Liverpool, said she first knew the deceased in Glasgow about two years ago. Deceased, who was known as Margaret Stewart, then lived in Main-street with a woman named Ingram, the wife of a sailor. Witness once saw a letter from deceased's mother at Lerwick and it was addressed to "Margaret Cowie". Witness and deceased came to Liverpool about two years ago.. The Ingrams accompanied them but subsequently returned to Glasgow. The jury returned a verdict of "Wilful murder", and the prisoner was committed for trial. Prison has also been committed by the magistrates.


The Blackburn Standard and Weekly Express, Saturday, January 03, 1891.


The Liverpool coroner held an inquest on Monday on the body of Margaret Stewart, alias Cowie who was murdered in a cab in Liverpool on the 17th inst. by Arthur Penfold. Evidence was given as the girl have lived an immoral life for some time, and as to her intimacy with Penfold. Agnes Ross said she first knew the deceased in Glasgow about two years ago. Deceased, who was known as Margaret Stewart, then lived in Main-street, with a woman named Ingram, the wife of a sailor. Witness once saw a letter from deceased's at Lerwick, and it was addressed to "Margaret Cowie". Witness and deceased came to Liverpool about two years ago. The Ingrams accompanied them, but subsequently returned to Glasgow. - The jury returned a verdict of wilful murder, and Penfold was committed for trial.


Liverpool Mercury, Wednesday, March 11, 1891.


A true bill was found by the grand jury in the case in which Arthur Edward Penfold (31), described as a porter, is charged with the wilful murder of an unfortunate named Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, on the night of the 17th December, at Liverpool. The trial is fixed for Friday.


The Liverpool Mercury: Saturday March 14, 1891


Friday, March 13.


Before Mr. Justice Day.



Arthur Edward Penfold (31), porter, was indicted for the wilful murder of an unfortunate name Margaret Stewart alias Isabella Cowie, on the 17th December last, at Liverpool. Mr. Potter, Q.C., and Dr. Sparrow conducted the case for the prosecution, and the prison was defended by Mr. Segar.

Mr. Potter, Q.C., in opening the case, said the facts were very short and simple. The woman whom the prisoner was accused of having murdered was the inmate of a disorderly house in Lambert-street, and it appeared that for some five or six days before the 17th December, when the murder took place, the prisoner had been consorting with her, and during that time they had undoubtedly been drinking, more or less. On the 17th December at about threen o'clock in the afternoon, they left the house in Lambert-street together, and according to the evidence for the prosecution there was not then any appearance of drink about either the prisoner or the poor woman. What they did in the afternoon the prosecution had no evidence to show. The next information the prosecution could give about them was that at half-past seven in the evening they were together in Ranelagh-place. They came up to a cab which was on the rank there and the woman tried to open the door The cabman got down from his box and opened the door for her. The deceased and the prisoner entered the cab, and the former told the cabman where to drive, namely, to the house in Lambert-street. The cabman drove to Lambert-street, and stopped a door or two short of the particular house he had been told to drive to and when he got down from the box the prisoner told him that he had stabbed the woman who was in the cab, and that she had asked him to do so. He said further, "It's all right: I'm not going to run away. You can call a policeman if you like." Shortly afterwards the cabman did call the police, and two policemen came up, and the prisoner made the same statement to them, namely, that he had stabbed the woman and that she had asked him to do it. One of the policemen took the man into custody, and the other took the poor woman, who was not dead at that time, to the Royal Infirmary. The prisoner, on his was down to the police station, wanted to stop at a public house, but the constablee would not let him. He afterwards tried to stop at another public house, and then the constable, noticing that he was trying to put his hand into his left trouser pocket called to his assistance another man, who took the prisoner's arm on that side. So the prisoner was taken to the Central Police Station and there when he came to be searched, there was found in his left trouser pocet a knife with fresh blood on it. The knife was then closed. The wounded woman died at the infirmary shortly after her admission, and, on a post-mortem examination being made, it was found that over the left breast she had received six puntured wounds, four of which penetrated the wall of the chest, whilst one penetrated the heart, and one passed through the heart and penetrated a portion of the liver. Either of the last two wounds was, of course, necessarily fatal. It would be for the jury to consider - and he thought it would be almost the only question they would have seriously to consider - whether the prisoner at the time he committed this crime was responsible for the act which resulted in the death of this woman. The prosecution had noticed that there was some intention to raise this defence, and, acting on instructions from the Home Office, they had had the prisoner examined by certain medical men. It had also been represented to the prosecution that there was an inspector of police at East Grinstead who knew a good deal about the prisoner and, as the prisoner had no means to procure the attendance of this man, the prosecution were appealed to to procure his attendance. The prosecution had done so, and he proposed, subject to the approval of the court, to put this witness and the medical men into the box, and to allow his learned friend to ask them such questions as he might think desirable. There was no doubt that the case was one presenting some unusual features. He was unable to suggest any possible motive which could have actuated the prisoner either to kill or injure the woman he had been consorting with. They would have the evidence as to the condition he was in when he left the house, and when he was taken into custody, and it would be for them to say, under his lordship's direction, after they had heard the whole of the evidence, whether there was anyting in it to convince them that at the time the prisoner committed this act he was - whether from drink or from other causes - in such a condition as not to be aware of the nature of the act he was committing.

Ellen Ash, as widow 28 years of age keeping a house of ill-fame at 28, Lambert-street was the first witness. Examined by Dr. Sparrow she said she had known the deceased since September last, under the name of Margaret Stewart or Isbella Cowie. When first she knew her she was living in a house of her own in 10 Court, Lambert-street. The deceased came to live with witness about give weeks before her death. The prisoner came to her house on the 11th December, and stayed with the deceased, going away in the morning. The last occasion on which she saw the deceased was on the 17th December, at three o'clock in the afternoon. The prisoner was with her then. When the prisoner and the deceased left her house at that time, they were perfectly sober. She did not see the deceased again alive. She saw her dead body at the Royal Infirmary on the 22nd December. - Cross-examined by Mr. Segar: The prisoner was a very quiet man, as far as she saw. She thought he had been drinking heavily during the time he was at her house. As far as she knew, he had not had that day, before he went out, two bottles of ale, some gin, and a quartern of rum. She did not know whether he had any drink before he went out. There was a woman named Margaret Anderson living at her house at that time, and she might have fetched in drink for the deceased without witness knowing of it.

Margaret Anserson, examined by Mr. Potter, Q.C., said she also lived at 28, Lambert-street and she knew the deceased under the name of Margaret Stewart or Isabella Cowie. She knew that the deceased stayed with the prisoner for six nights before her death, during which time they were drinking together. She never saw them drinking much. She saw them leave the house together on the 17th December, about three o'clock in the afternoon. They were both then sober. She next saw the deceased at the Royal Infirmary, at a quarter to eight o'clock in the evening, alive but unable to speak.

- Cross-examined: The prisoner and deceased got up about one o'clock on the 17th December. She had seen the prisoner the night before, but she did not notice whether he was drunk or not. She did not know that he had a number of drinks before he left the house on that day. She did not fetch any drink for him, and no woman in the hosue fetched any to her knowledge. She could not say whether the prisoner and the deceased had some ale, gin, and rum before they got up. The deceased went out in the morning, but she did not see her bring back any drink. The prisoner was always a very quiet man.

Catherine Cuthbert, an unfortunate, living at 28, Lambert-street, gave corroborative evidence. - Cross-examined: During the six nights prior to the tragedy prisoner and woman were drinking heavily. He appeared to be very fond of the girl. Witness saw no quarrel. They had drink on the morning of the 17th December.

William M'Gee, cabdriver, stated that he was with his cab in Ranelagh-place when prisoner and the girl engaged him. The girl got in first, and told witness where to drive to. They both seemed to be sober. Whilst driving to Lambert-street witness heard the cab window pulled up. The night was cold. When he got to the house he opened the door of the cab , and saw prisoner fumblling about his trousers pocket as though hiding his hands. Prisoner got out, and said, "I've stabbed her, cabby. She asked me to do it, and you can go for a policeman if you like. I am not going to run away." Witness then noticed that the girl had been stabbed about the body and he called for assistance. The police having secured prisoner, witness drove the poor girl to the infirmary. - Cross-examined: After giving information of the affair, prisoner made no attempt to get away.

Police-constable Cutler stated that when he was called prisoner confessed what he had done, and he was taken to the bridewell. Whilst in London-road prisoner wanted to go into a public house. He seemed to be sober at the time, but looked as though he had been drinking. He pulled up in the street, and tried to put his left had in his pocket. Witness called another officer, and prisoner was taken to the detective office where a pocket-knife covered with fresh bloodstains was found in his trousers pocket. There was blood on prisoner's hands. He said "That is the knife I stabbed her with. - Cross-examined: Prisoner appeared to have been drinking heavily.

George John Tregifgas, labourer, said he assisted to take prisoner to the detective-office. Prisoner said to witness, "I've done it, I hope she is dead"

Police-constable Corran stated that he assisted to take the woman to the informary. She was unconscious at the time. When witness charged prisoner with the murder of the girl, he made no reply. Witness produced the clothes of the girl, showing the marks of the knife.

Dr. Jay Gould, of the Royal Infirmary, deposed that the woman never recovered consciousness from the time she entered the institution. Witness made a post mortem examination. He found six punctured wounds on the left side of the chest. Two penetrated the heart, and either was sufficient to cause death. There was no appearance of alcohol in the stomach - Cross-examined: He had not made insanity a special study. It was common knowledge that a person subject to epilepsy was subject to temporary bursts of insanty. If a person had epileptic tendencies he would not like to say that a bout of drinking would bring on insanity.

This was the case for the prosecution.

Mr. Segar said that the only question the jury would have to try was whether the prisoner was aware at the time the deed was done of the nature of the act he was committing. The prosecution had in court several medical gentlemen, including Dr. Wiglesworth, Dr. G.Whittle, and Dr. Barr, but, as they had not called them, he would aks them for their opinion as to the state of the mind of the prisoner. The witness that would be called for the defence would give evidence of the strongest possible character to prove that an act like the one the prisoner was charged with was motiveless, and that fact in itself was the strongest possible proof that prisoner's mind was unhinged. If a man did an act without motive there was a strong assumption that the man was mad. The act of the prisoner not only showed insanity, but the whole history of the man indicated that tendencies to insanity existed in his blood. His mother died in an epileptic attack, he had a cousin who was an idiot and another cousin had been tried for attempting to commit suicide and was acquitted. Furthermore, the prisoner himself had twice attempted to commit suicide. Once he went on to London Bridge with the intention of jumping into the river, and on another occassion he put poison into his coffee. In many ways his actions had been mysterious and his conduct singular. When charged with attempting to take his own life he was acquitted on the grounds of insanity, and on another occassion a prosecution against him for theft was withdrawn because the authorities came to the conclusion that he was not of sound mind. He had also disappeared from his employment on three or four occassions without any good reason. All these matters the jury would have to consider along with the facts that prisoner and deceased were on good terms, and that no ill-will existed; and he felt confident that the jury would without hesitation, find as a fact that at the time this crime was committed prisoner was irresponsible for his actions.

Dr. Wiglesworth said he had great experience in cases of insanity. He was in this matter instructed by the procescuting solicitor to examine prisoner. He was of opinion that the crime partook of the character of an insane act. There was apparanty no motive and no attempt at concealment. Epilepsy at times developed itself into sudden fits of insanity and if emileptice tendencies were in prisoner's family, it might effect him.

Witness had been hold that prisoner had been drinking heavily. At the time the crime was committed he thought that prisoner was suffering from mental disorder, the effects of drink, and that would prevent him fully realising the nature of the act. - Cross-examined: At the present time prisoner was quite sane. From his observations of prisoner witness had no reason to suppose that there were any epileptic tendencies in him, or tendencies to insanity.

Dr. James Morton, of Chelsea deposed that he had known prisoner's mother, brothers and other relatives for many years. They were all characterised by a tendency to nervous disease. The mother died at the age of 56 during a violent epileptic seizure. Witness knew two brothers of the prisoner. One showed great mental instability and the slighest excitement, either from joy or grief rendered him almost irresponsible. That brother's child two years ago had attacks of epiloepsy. Prisoner's elder brother had five children and three witness had seen during epileptic attacks. Presuming that prisoner had two cousins suffering from insanity and bearing in mind the other facts mentioned, it would show a family tendency to epilepsy or insanity. The evidence was consistent with the idea that prisoner was suffering from a violent attack of mania when he committed the crime - Cross-examined: The usual attacks of epilepsy make a suffer helpless, but there was a form which was characterised by more or less uncontrollabe acts of violence.

George Berry, superintendent of police at East Sussex, stated that he knew that prisoner had been in the 5th Lancers, but was not aware that he had suffered from rheumatic fever or heart disease. Witness also referred to the fact that prisoner was once charged with having stolen a horse and cart but witness, noticing prisoner's peculiar condition had him watched all night. He was jumping about the cell whistling and singing, and acting in a very peculiar manner. Seeing this, witness handed prisoner over to his brother, and the magistrates later on dismissed the case. In 1884 prisoner was before the magistrates on a charge of attempted suicide, and he was ultimately given up to his friends. One of prisoner's female cousins was an idiot, but not bad enough to be locked up.

Charles Penfold, of East Grinstead, said he was the younger brother of prisoner, who in 1878 disappeared suddenly from his employment. Subsequently it was found that he had joined the 5th Lancers, which he had to leave owing to heart disease and rheumatism. One more than one occassiion he disappeared mysteriously from his employment. He had often been in the hospitals. Witness had at one time suffered from epilepticed fits. If he took drink he very soon became irresponsible. Prisoner had never been given to acts of violence.

William Turner, who lives in battersea, London stated that he had known the Penfold family for some time. Prisoner used to complain about his head.

Frederick William Penfold, of her Majesty's navy at Portsmouth spoke of having frequently noticed peculiarities about the prisoner He stated that he had not seen the prisoner for over seven years.

Dr. Glyn Whittle, of Liverpool, said that when he examined prisoner there were signs of his having been drinking. - Mr. Segar: What is your opinion, after having the whole of the evidence, as to the condition of the man's mind at the time the act was committed? - Mr. Potter: I object to that question. - His lordship upheld Mr. Potter's objection, sayin that that was the question the jury would have to anser. - Mr. Segar attempted to put the question in serveral forms and contended that the other medical gentlemen had been allowed to answer it. - His Lordship would not allow the question. - Mr. Segar: Very well, I will give it up. Will your lordship ask the question in the form you think proper? - His Lordship: I will not. You can put all questions that are material in accordance with law. - In reply to Mr. Segar witness said that is was possible for the prisoner to have been insane on the 17th December and sane the following day.

Mr. Segar. in addressing the jury, said he had managed to struggle to the end of the evidence. He said "struggle," because he had not received answers to one or two questions he had asked, which if answered would have enabled him to address them upon the opinion of this medical gentleman, which was to his mind material. An opinion had, however, been obtained from Dr. Wiglesworth, and in deciding the case he was sure the jury would remember that fact.

His Lordship, in summing up, said that the burden of proving insanity rested upon the persons who alleged it, that law had been denounced by the counsel for the prisoner as somewhat hard, if not unjust. Now, to his mind, that law was very much in the interest of society. It was a law not made by statute, but developed by the custom of ages. In this case any observations as to hardships were ill-placed, because every assistance had been rendered by the prosecution. Reviewing the facts of the case, his Lordship remarked that there had been no evidence at all that prisoner had been treaded for mania or epilepsy, and, therefore, they might infer that he had never suffered from those diseases in such a form as to call forth medical treatment.

After a brief consultation, and without leaving the box the jury found the prisoner guilty.

His Lordship having assumed the black cap, said that the jury could have come to no other conclusion than they had arrived at. Prisoner had taken the life of this poor woman without provocation and had sent her into eternity without any notice. He gave her no time for repentance, and he had now forfeited his own life. The law, however, allowed him time to prepare for his great change, and his lordship urged him to make the best use of his time. The death sentence was then passed in the usual form, and the prisoner left the dock weeping.


The Blackburn Standard and Weekly Express, Saturday, March 14, 1891.


At the Liverpool Assizes, yesterday, Arthur Edward Penfold thirty-one years of age, porter, was indicted for the murder of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie in December last. Prisoner came to Liverpool from East Grinstead, Sussex, and lived for some days with the deceased, a native of Aberdeen, who was a woman of immoral character. While driving with her in a cab one day he stopped the vehicle, and told the cabman he had killed the woman. It was then found that the woman was fatally stabbed. A question as to prisoner's sanity was raised, and the prosecution said that evidence would be called on the point. Evidence as to the facts having been given, a medical witness said he considered the prisoner quite sane, and could not support the idea that the prisoner at the time of the murder was suffering from epilepsy. Another medical witness, who knew prisoner's family, said the mother died during an epileptic seizure, and a brother showed great mental instability. Both brothers were subject to fits, and prisoner, who was invalided from the Lancers, had done a number of eccentric things.




At Liverpool Assizes, yesterday – before Mr. Justice Day. – the trial took place of Arthur Penfold (30) for the murder of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, a native of Shetland, by stabbing her through the heart, in a cab. Prisoner is a native of Hartfield, Sussex. After leaving the 5th Lancers, he became a grocer’s porter at East Grinstead. In December last he went to Liverpool, and lived with the deceased for a week, drinking heavily. When arrested he said the deceased asked him to kill her. In defence of Penfold, counsel attempted to prove insanity, contending there was a hereditary taint in the family, his mother having died insane. Prisoner twice tried to commit suicide, and was acquitted of theft at East Grinstead on the ground of insanity and absence of motive for the crime. Dr. Morton, Chelsea; Police-superintendent Berry, East Grinstead; and the prisoner’s brother Charles gave strong testimony to the prisoner’s insanity. The jury gave a verdict of guilty, and the death sentence was passed.


The Liverpool Mercury, Tuesday, March 17, 1891.

The Liverpool Cab Murder.

To the editors of The Liverpool Mercury.

Gentlemen, - Will you allow me a little of your valuable space to bring before your readers the following facts, and to solicit their sympathy on behalf of the unfortunate man Arthur Edward Penfold, now lying in Kirkdale Jail awaiting his fearful doom. On Friday last the court had a most delicate and difficult task, I have no disposition to in any way cast reflection upon any gentleman who had the grave responsibility of judgment and of action in this most painful case; and your readers will be already familiar with the evidence as given in court. They will remember also that, in opening the case for the prosecution, Mr. Potter, Q.C., said – “The case unquestionably presented some unusual features, and he was unable to suggest any possible motive that could have activated the prisoner to kill or injure the woman with whom he had been consorting; it would be for the jury, after hearing everything, to say whether, as the time the prisoner committed the act, he was, whether from drink or other cause, in such a condition as not to be aware of the nature of the act he was committing.” From this it would appear that the counsel for the prosecution agree with counsel for the defence that there was an utter absence of motive; which implies irresponsibility. If this were consequence upon hard drinking simply, in the eyes of the law and probably in the judgment of the public the sentence of “guilty” is quite just. But, from the evidence, there is at least considerable probability that it was hard drinking plus something else! Now, gentlemen, from the medical testimony, particularly of Dr. Morton, who has known the family for three generations, and of Dr. Wiglesworth – who is a specialist, and who will probably supplement and confirm by letter evidence already given – from hereditary tendency, for his mother died in an unconscious state from epileptic seizure, and he has relatives who are idiots, and from the history of this man, there is immense probability, amounting – as I think – to certainty, that the “something else” was temporary insanity.

Let me add two items of evidence that were not given in court. The eldest brother, John Robert, would have proved , had he been put in the witness box, that there were periodic moods when the prisoner lost all self-control, and was irresponsible. In several of these moods he had been of necessity closely watched. When the prisoner’s photograph was officially sent for identification, a late employer at Chelsea remarked – “Dear mo! Why, the fact is, you know, the man is half a lunatic.” On one occasion, when visiting the unfortunate man at Kirkdale, I asked him – “How came you to do it ? Did you know what you were about?” He said he didn’t know why he did it or when, or even where it was done, his memory entirely left him ; but he knew as soon as the fearful act was committed what he had done, and he could not forgive himself. I believe the man’s statement, and from the circumstances of the case, as also from the laws of mental philosophy, I am satisfied that it is consistent with his ready confession upon realising the result of his violent and awful seizure – “I have stabbed this woman.”

My present action in this case is the result of a deep conviction, of a sober judgement, and of an interest that I am sure any one else would have were they in my position and had the same information in their possession.

The petition below is based upon the evidence, and is deducted from it. If it should be successful it will remove from a most respectable family the odium of a terrible crime; it will give the condemned man the “benefit of doubt” and the advantage of great probability; while it secures him in a criminal lunatic asylum during her Majesty’s pleasure from the repetition of such acts of violence.

I appeal to your numerous readers for their signatures and practical help.

29, Hope-street. Wm. Hodson Smith.

Petition on Behalf Of The Condemned Man.

To the Right Honourable Henry Matthews. Q.C., her Majesty’s Secretary of State for the Home Department.

Regina v Arthur Edward Penfold.

Your petitioners call your attention to the following facts:-

1. That the prisoner was proved to have been always a quiet man and never to have been known to have committed any previous act of violecnce.

2. That the prisoner was proved to have been on good terms with the deceased, and that there was absolutely no motive proved or suggested for the crime.

3. That the prisoner made no attempt to conceal his act or to escape.

4. That is was proved that insanity existed in the prisoner’s family.

5. That it would appear that in last August he was considered by the superintendent of the police at East Grinstead and a magistrate or magistrates irresponsible for his acts.

6. In our opinion, the medical testimony was sufficient to establish the probability of the prisoner’s insanity at the time the act was committed.

Your petitioners therefore pray that you will recommend her Majesty to pardon the prisoner to be remitted to safe custody during her Majesty’s pleasure, on the ground that he was not responsible for his actions at the time the deceased was killed.

Copies of the petition may be signed at the office of Mr. William Rudd, 28, Victoria-street; the Sailors’ Home, Exchange Newsroom or Flags (if practicable), the Labour Registry, 62, Soho-street; the Village Club, Woolton; the Cabstand, Pembroker-place, and other places. Copies of the petition can be obtained at the office of Mr. Rudd, or from the Rev.W.Hodson Smith, 29, Hope-street.


The Leeds Times: Saturday, March 21, 1891

Arthur Edward Penfold (31), porter, was sentenced to death at Liverpool for murdering his mistress in a cab.


March 23, 1891

Kirkdale Gaol

Efforts are being made to obtain a commutation of the death sentence passed on Arthur Penfold at Liverpool Assizes for the murder of a woman in a cab, but so far the prison governor has received no communication about him from the Home Office.





At Liverpool Assizes, before Mr. Justice Day, Arthur Penfold, aged thirty, was put upon his trial for the murder of Margaret Stuart, alias Isabella Cowie, by stabbing her through the heard, in a cab at Liverpool, on December 17th. – The prisoner is a native of Hartfield, Sussex. After leaving the 5th Lancers he became a grocer’s porter at East Grinstead. In December last he came to Liverpool, and lived with the deceased for some days. The woman, it was alleged, was the native of Aberdeen, but had been a barmaid in Lerwick. The prisoner was drinking heavily, and when driving home with the deceased in a cab he stopped the vehicle and told the cabman to go for a policeman, as he had killed the woman. The police were brought, and the woman was found dead, having been fatally stabbed. A question as to the prisoner’s sanity was raised, and the prosecution said evidence would be called on that point. Evidence as the facts of the murder having been given, a medical witness was called, who said that, from examination and observation, he considered the prisoner quite sane at present, and could not find any evidence in support of the idea that he at the time of the murder was suffering from epilepsy. Another medical witness said he knew prisoner’s family. His mother died during an epileptic seizure, one brother showed great mental instability, and the children of both brothers were subject to epileptic attacks. Attacks of epilepsy led to mental disorder, causing suicide and homicide. One of the prisoner’s cousins had attempted suicide, and another was mentally affected, while the prisoner had done many eccentric things. He had been invalided from the Lancers for heart disease. – The prisoner’s council attempted to prove insanity, contending that there was a hereditary taint in the family. The prisoner, he said, twice tried to commit suicide, and was acquitted of theft at East Grinstead on the ground of insanity. – The jury found a verdict of guilty, and death sentence was passed.


The Liverpool Mercury: Friday, March 27, 1891

The Convict Penfold. - The Governor of Kirkdale Jail received the official document from the Home Office yesterday morning, announcing the respite of Arthur Edward Penfold, who was, at the recent assizes, found guilty of wilful murder. The decision of the Home Secretary was not only received with joy by Penfold himself but by his brothers and others who, since the trial, have been indefatigable in their exertions to save the unfortunate man from the gallows.


The Herald: Saturday, March 28, 1891


On Sunday, the Governor of Kirkdale Gaol, Liverpool received a communication from the Home Office intimating the respite of the death sentence passed on Bliagwar, a Lascar, for the murder of Captail Lyall of the ship Buckingham, while on a voyage from Dundee to York. One of the crew of the Buckingham has since the trial made an important statement, which was sent to the Home Office on Friday. A petition on behalf of Arthur Edward Penfold, also under the death sentence at Kirkdale Gaol, for the murder of a woman in a cab is being largely signed, on the supposition of the prisoner's insanity.


Liverpool Mercury, Saturday, April 18, 1891


To The Editors Of The Liverpool Mercury.

Gentlemen, - Will you allow me to bring before your readers once more the case of the unfortunate man Arthur Edward Penfold. It will be remembered that the prayer of the petition to the Home Secretary on his behalf has been granted. So far we have been very successful. There yet remains, however, the question of costs. While the legal expenses were most moderate, the general costs of the trial and of the petition were considerable. The brothers are exceedingly poor, and their poverty has been much aggravated by recent events; help is sorely needed, and would be most grafefully received.

I feel sure there are some who would like to show their sympathy in a practical way, and I shall be glad to see to it that any contribution forwarded to the address below is duly acknowledged and devoted to the object for which it is given. Thanking you for your kindness in this case.

Wm. Hodson Smith. 29, Hope-street, April 17, 1891.


1.6 Amelia Dinah PENFOLD (1861-1867) [90].

Born 1861, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Christened 25 Aug 1861, Hartfield, Sussex, England.10 Died 1867, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Buried 14 May 1867, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.7 Frederick William PENFOLD (1863-1901) [91].

Born 20 Jul 1863, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Harriett Mary TUBB 12 May 1888, Tottenham, London, England. Died 7 Apr 1901, Fulham, London, England.

He died on 7th April 1901 at Fulham Infirmary from Cerebral Haemorrage/Coma. His occupation is given as House Painter (Journeyman) of 2 Seagrave Road, Fulham. His brother John Robert registered the death on 10th April 1901.

According to family hearsay Fredrick William had left the family at some stage prior to his death and Harriett, his wife, could not keep the family together and it seems that her son George was put into a Barnardo’s Home and sent to Canada in 1899 at the age of 10. (See entry written by him in the book entitled ‘The Home Children’). His sister Harriett did not go to Canada as she was 15 years old and had gone into service.

Their daughter Grace later preceded her mother Harriett to Canada and Harriett herself went to Bracebridge, Ontario, via Quebec, having travelled steerage from Liverpool in 1910. She seems to have left Fred, who was 14, in England but took Bert who was a couple of years younger with her. Fred stayed with Mary Jane Penfold at the Chapter Street flat in Westminster and attended Millbank School. He subsequently went to Canada, joined Harriett and Bert where he found employment.

Their oldest daughter Harriett, known as Hetty, became Mrs. Ward, had five children and remained in England”

(From Diana Smith).


There is a slight discrepancy in the report above as on 11 October 1910 Harriett Mary Penfold, nee Tubb enters Quebec with Frederick William Penfold on the vessell "Lake Manitoba"

Trevor Penfold - 6th January 2013


Sp. Harriett Mary TUBB (1867-1934) [92].

Cupar - 26th June 1913

Mrs. Penfold, of Quelph, Ont., arrived on Wednesday to visit her sons of town.


1.7.1 Harriet Mary PENFOLD (1884-1945) [126].

Born 3 Nov 1884, Sheerness, Kent, England. Marr Walter WARD 1906, Burton,?,England. Died 21 May 1945, Sutton in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England.

Sp. Walter WARD ( - ) [127].

1.7.2 George Edward PENFOLD (1889-1972) [128].

Born 7 Mar 1889, Sheerness, Kent, England. Marr Annie Jeannette STUART 29 Sep 1910, Cupar, Saskatchewan, Canada. Marr Nellie Ada GRAZIER 2 Aug 1950. Died 24 Sep 1972, Cupar, Saskatchewan, Canada.11

George was stated as being a religious man by Hugh Glynn, Joan and Margaret


From an article in the book ‘The Home Children’.

‘There are no taps in the country and no roads, only trails’ I wrote to my mother from Canada in 1899. ‘Everyone has to bake their own bread, make their own butter and jam and chop their own wood!’ My mother kept my letters and gave them back to me. I still have two of them to remind me of those years.

I sailed to Quebec City onboard the Arawa. Some of the boys went to the Barnardo Home in Toronto and others, - of which I was one – went on to Winnipeg for a few days. While there I was introduced to cutting wood by means of a bucksaw and saw-horse.

From Winnipeg I travelled to Qu’Appelle by train and then on to Fort Qu’Appelle by stage coach. I saw water drawn from a well, and drinking pails for the first time. The farmer who took me was John White. He lived 16 miles north of the Fort, was married, and had a son David, and a hired man. I was taught to help in the house – drying dishes – and to feed cattle and horses, buck wood and later, milk cows. I was once called upon to milk all the cows, about twelve of them, when David was away for a day or two. The next year I learned to drive a team of horses and to harrow – walking behind the harrows, as it was usually done in those days. I also learned to ride a horse and to bring the cattle back home at night. I cannot remember the food, but it was no doubt good and I grew well on it. We attended church every Sunday. A Church of England service was held at Charles Neil’s farm one Sunday and a Presbyterian service was held on the next Sunday in another home. I remember winning 10 cents in a race at a picnic – my first Canadian money. Nothing was said about school. There as no compulsory education in those days and it was five years before I was able to attend school in Canada. I had been in standard three in England and could read and write quite well.

Life went on like that for three or so years. Once I was unhappy and ran away and Sergeant Fyffe of the Royal North West Mounted Police took me back. He gave me good advice, but I ran away again and spent some time with Mr and Mrs John Redpath, an elderly Scottish couple. Their farm was a few miles west of the Whites and across Jumping Deer Creek.

From there I went to Sam Redpath’s – one of the sons. He was a struggling rancher, married and with small children. There I learned was real work was like. I was expected to do a man’s work pitching hay onto a stack while Sam was on the stack building it up.

I spent one winter with Mr and Mrs J.C. Wood who farmed on the north side of th Qu’Appelle Valley above where the sanatorium was later built. I helped to haul grain from the farm to Qu’Appelle via the Fort, three times weekly in fair weather. We would bag and tie the grain and load it the day before on sleighs. The next morning we would set out with two loads and drive to the elevators, unload them, have lunch and start back, arriving about nine o’clock at night.

There was considerable visiting with other farmers and drivers on the road. Several sleighs would be in line. The horses would pull the loads and the drivers would tie the lines together for a blather – as the Scots say. On the return journey the speed of the horses would vary and the sleighs would become more scattered. It was a cold winter and I froze my nose, ears and chin, and sores developed. I had a disagreement with Mr Wood – newly married – and spent a month or two with a German bachelor who was also a rancher. He was supposed to pay me $1.00 a day, but paid me off with only one silver dollar.

In the spring of 1903 I joined myself to Mr and Mrs Thomas H. Barnes of the Fort. They had a son Harry, younger than me by a couple of years, and three girls who were all younger than Harry. They all attended school at the Fort. Here, I found a friendship that lasted after the death of the two parents. I must have been hungry when I came, for I can still remember my first mean with them – canned salmon and peas, warmed together in a pan. I thought it was delicious.

There was no school for me. We had work to do. Mr Barnes kept a stable and horses across the street form this home, and his work was meeting incoming settlers and talking them to see homestead lands that were still open north of the valley. He used to come back, paid off with British sovereigns.

Harry and I used to go south of the valley and get hay and firewood to use at home. We also took loads to the homestead that Mr Barnes had on the Loon Creek plain. On one occasion we were talking a load of poles to the homestead with a team of oxen. The oxen plodded along. Whenever they felt like a drink they would head for the nearest slough and drink, no matter what Harry and I wished. It was a slow trip. Dark came before we reached the homestead and we had to camp under the load, light a fire to keep of the mosquitoes, and finish our journey to the homestead the next morning.

That fall I shot my first wild crane by stalking it on horse-back. These birds had long legs and could see over the stooks.

Their meat was very tasty.

The winter of 1903-04 was one of the worst in years. Snow was six feet deep on the level and snowbanks in the Fort were high enough to step over the telegraph line which ran down the main street; steps were cut to get down to the stores. I learned to skate that winter, on skates which fastened to my ordinary boots with side clamps and a lever. It was the custom to build the rink on the river which skirted the north edge of town, using poles and straw for the sides and roof. In the spring the poles were removed and the debris floated down the river. It was a very cheap skating rink. That spring the river overflowed its banks and flooded the flats and fish were everywhere. The bridge was covered and lights hung at each end to guide travellers. There has not been such a flood since.

The spring of 1904 brought a big change to the Barnes family and to me. The Pheasant Hills Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway was being build from Kirkella to Saskatoon, and small villages and hamlets were springing up all along the line about seven or eight miles apart.

The line had reached Balcarres some 16 miles north-east of the Fort the fall before. Mr Barnes accepted the position of managing a new lumber yard in Balcarres and I, of course, went along. The job of moving nearly cost me my life. I was driving the team and wagon with a grain box back to the Fort for another load when I came to a ford over the Qu’Appelle River north-east of town. I wa spring and the snow had gone, but the river ice was still in position. I walked out onto the ice to test it and it gave way and I fell in up to my neck. I was able to scramble out, soaking wet, and drove the team to town around by the bridge, wet and shivering.

When we got to Balcarres, I was at last able to attend school. I took part in sports, helped in the general store and post office, and in the tinshop where I learned to make stovepipes. I have many pleasant memories of my life in Balcarres.

After four years I accepted a job at Cupar with John Hubbs, a real estate and insurance agent. Mr Hubbs had a large farmhouse on the outskirts of Cupar. I had a room in his attic and worked in the office – a small frame building of two rooms next door to the Union Bank. I was paid $25 a month and my board. Mr Hubbs was a trustee and the secretary of the Cupar School District, and my first job for him was to transcribe the minutes of the board meeting. When Mr Hubbs moved away I took over the job as secretary and held it for 37 years. I also married a teacher, Miss Annie J. Stuart, on September 29, 1910. We have lived in Cupar every since.

George E. Penfold*

Cupar, Saskatchewan



Cupar 19th February 1914

Real Estate, Loans, Insurance

Money To Loan

Best Companies only represented. Money to Loan at Current Rates.


Conveyancing done in a proper and up-to-date manner at a moments notice. Prices right.

G.E.Penfold - Cupar, Sask.


Cupar Herald, 26 June 1919.

The many friends of Sergt. Geo. Penfold will be glad to learn of his safe arrival in Cupar after serving overseas. George enlisted in the spring of 1916 with the 195th Battalion, going overseas with that unit. On proceeding to France he was drafted to the 75th Battalion, with which unit he served fourteen months in the trenches. He was then promoted to instructor of musketry, in which capacity he ?icted until the armistice was signed, after which he rejoined his battalion. Sergt. Penfold was fortunate enough to escape unscathed from the ordeal of the trenches. After being demobilized in Toronto, Sergt. Penfold returned home last Thursday, accompanied by Mrs. Penfold and children, who met him in Winnipeg.


Cupar Herald, 10 July 1919


This is to advise my numerous friends and business acquaintances that I have returned from France and am taking over my old Real Estate and Insurance Business from Mr. I.S.Bricker on July 15th.

It will be a pleasure for me to look after anything in the line of Lands, Loans and Insurance that you may require.


Notary Public


Cupar District: Taking Root ... And Growing - compiled by Cupar Historical Committee 1985

Mr. and Mrs. George E. Penfold p. 337-38


George E. Penfold was born on the Isle of Sheppy, Kent, England March 7, 1889. He came to Canada at the age of 10, under a group called Dr. Barnados Homes, to work on a farm at Balcarres. The address at that time being Fort Qu'Appelle, Assa, Canada.

George was fortunate, in that the people he was sent to (Mr. and Mrs. White) sent him to school. Coming from London, it must have been quite an experience - getting up at sunrise, getting breakfast ready, then milking cows, separating the milk, before he had his own breakfast. That first fall they threshed 800 bushels of wheat and oats.

He went to Cupar in 1908 working for the Hubbs family and continuing his education by correspondence. Mr. Hubbs got him started in the insurance business which he carried on for over 60 years.

George Penfoldand Annie Stuartwere married in September 1910. Annie Stuart Penfold was born in Blyth, Ont. in 1888. Annie was the sister of the late Dr.G.M.Stuart of Cupar. She came to Cupar in July 1908 and made her home with her brother. Annie attended Normal School in Regina and taught at Dysart and Cupar for two years.

During his life in Cupar, George was active in church work (St. Mary's Anglican), in different capacities as well as being secretary-treasurer of Cupar for 27 years. He was also secretary-treasurer of Cupar School District. He was an active member of the Legion and Masons. He served overseas in the First World War from 1916 to June 1919.

Annie Penfold was active in church work, and the oldest member of the Anglican W.A. at the time of her death in December 1948. She also taught Sunday School during and after the First World War. She was secretary of the Red Cross during the same period. During the Second World War she was president of Ladies Auxiliary of the Canadian Legion, which did a tremendous amount of war work. She was a charter member of the Royal Chapter Order of the Eastern Star and served twice as Worthy Matron. She died at the early age of 60 at home in Cupar.

Mr. and Mrs. Penfold had two children: Orville Penfoldborn in Cupar in May 1912. He died in Ottawa in 1976, leaving his wife Betty and son G.E.Penfold to carry on the Penfold name, plus one grandson and one granddaughter.

Alma M Penfold was born in Cupar in October 1913. Alma now lives in Vancouver and has three children and two grandchildren.


December 1954 Business Calendar


My name is Elaine Pain and I am on the Cupar and District Heritage Museum.

I am putting together a booklet on George Penfold for our museum.

He is buried here in Cupar.

When I finish it I can email you a copy.

He was sent to Canada in 1899 at age 9 through the Dr. Barnados Homes on the ship Arawa

In the 1901 Census District TT Assiniboia he is living with Mr. 7 Mrs White listed as domestic.

In 1906 District Qu'Appelle he is living with Herbert Deker as a hired hand.

In 1908 he came to live in Cupar where he would become a business man running a real estate insurance company which he sold in 1959.

He was in WWI C.E.F. 195th Reg. His regimental number is 907364

He was an Anglican, and a Mason.

His uniform from WWI is in our museum.

Elaine Paine - 12th December 2012


Sp. Annie Jeannette STUART (1885-1948) [129].

Cupar - 15th January 1914

We are pleased to report that Mrs. Geo. Penfold, who has been seriously ill with appendicitis. is progressing very favorably. Dr.Meek of Regina, motored over from Regina on Sunday to perform an operation, but decided that an operation was unnecessary. We sincerely hope for Mrs. Penfold's speedy recovery.


Sp. Nellie Ada GRAZIER (1902- ) [130].

1.7.3 Grace Joy PENFOLD (1892-1954) [131].

Born 27 Aug 1892. Died 11 Aug 1954. Buried 14 Aug 1954, Arthur, Ontario, Canada.

I have some information on Grace Joy Penfold. According to the Barnardo records she was admitted to the Barnardo's Homes in England on July 22, 1899 at the age of 7 with her brother George. She remained in Barnardo's homes in England until she was 12 and sailed to Canada with Barnard's arriving in Quebec in 1904. It seems she married William Fowlie and died on august 11, 1954 and was buried August 14, 1954 in Greenfield Cemetery, in Arthur Ontario. Barnardo's records show she was in Stanwood, Ontario in 1907 and Toronto in 1908.

From Louisa Rowland - 25th February 2013


Sp. William FOWLIE ( - ) [132].

1.7.4 Frederick William PENFOLD (1896-1985) [133].

Born 8 Oct 1896, Fulham, Middlesex, England. Marr Lula Pearl DEACON 12 Nov 1923. Died 15 Dec 1985, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Cupar - 24th April 1913

Mr. Fred. W. Penfold of Guelph, Ont, arrived in town last week and is staying with his brother of town.


Sp. Lula Pearl DEACON ( - ) [134].

1.7.5 Bert PENFOLD (1898-1968) [135].

Born 14 Aug 1898, Newport, Isle Of Wight, England. Marr Marjorie ASPIN 11 Aug 1926, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. Died 28 May 1968, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.

From 1965 to 1967, Bert Penfold of Regina was president of the Canadian Figure Skating Association (CFSA), in which capacity he worked to increase television coverage of national events. [ ]


Saskatchewan Sports Hall Of Fame:

Bert Penfold dedicated his life to the promotion of figure skating at the national, regional, provincial, and local level. Penfold was chairman of the Western Section of the Canadian Figure Skating Association (CFSA) for fifteen years, and served as judges’ chairman for many years.

Penfold was chairman for the first Western Canadian Figure Skating Championships, the North American Figure Skating Championships in 1955, and the Canadian Figure Skating Championships held in 1965.

In 1967, Bert received the Centennial Medal and was appointed to represent the Canadian Figure Skating Association at the World Figure Skating Championships. Bert was an international figure skating judge for many years.


Sp. Marjorie ASPIN (1898-1988) [136].

1.8 Charles R PENFOLD (1865-1917) [93].

Born 31 Oct 1865, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Mary Anna TUCKER 13 Nov 1886. Died 4 Sep 1917, Streatham, London, England.

Charles was reputed to be a devoted and abstemious family man who worked as a poorly paid post office sorter and supplemented the family income by repairing footwear in the evenings, often working into the night. He liked to keep the family well fed, and did much of the shopping himself. He and his wife were highly principled, and imbued their children with a kind of Christian socialist outlook (for want of a better term) but without priggishness and, so far as I can judge, without any strong affiliation with organized religion” (Letters from Peter Reich 2000).

Charles retired from the postal service on 16th June 1916 due to ill health and died aged 51 years on the 4th

September 1917, at 12 Penrith Street, Streatham. His wife died in Somerset in 1945 aged 87. She was paralyzed

for the last 10 years of her life due to a fall.

Sp. Mary Anna TUCKER (1860-1945) [94].

I think Mary Tucker was brought up on a farm near Chard in Somerset. She told me once of trying to ride the cows, with her young playmates. Before marriage she was a travelling Companion to a wealthy(perhaps titled) lady, and spent time in continental Europe and in Ireland. Despite this, she never ventured beyond her own front gate in all the years that I knew her, when she lived in Streatham and, later Wallington, Surrey. She was very active about the house until falling on the coal cellar stairs, thereafter spending the last 10 or more years of her life semi-paralysed.

My sister Mary as a young child, and my mother(Jo) lived with Charles and Mary for several years. I never heard them talk of those days other than with deep affection for both.

[Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich - December 2000].

1.8.1 Thomas Edwin PENFOLD (1887-1949) [115].

Born 29 Aug 1887, Chelsea, London, England.13 Marr Agnes Monteith GOSSIP 1914, Fulham, London, England. Marr Mary Lucy STRETTON 21 Feb 1940, Nightingale Square, Balham, London, England.14 Church Of The Holy Ghost. Witness: Mildred M Collins

Witness: Mary E Collins. Died 24 Oct 1949, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England.15

THOMAS was considered a ‘difficult’ man and did not, I felt, share in the strong mutual affinity that his four siblings enjoyed. He was more attracted to ‘authority’ than the others, and of his male brothers & in-laws, the only one to attain the rank of corporal. It is said that he rebuked his brothers and their mates, during a jollification, for behaviour unbecoming to associates of a corporal in uniform. He married Agnes Gossip, a highly nervous and gentle soul. The family was very fond of her, and often shocked by what they say as humiliating treatment she received from him. They had 2 children Charles and Joan (ca 1915 &1918) who were more of their mothers gentle disposition. In the 1930’s and early 1940’s Tom was elected as a member of Mitcham Borough Council, and enjoyed being addressed as Councillor Penfold. He served as a special Constable for part of WW2 and about this time Agnes died. After the war he had a succession of jobs as a ‘trusty’ type of housekeeper. He was a tall, rather impressive looking man, and had little difficulty of finding such work. He was remarried to a Roman Catholic, and converted to that faith. When his brother Ted heard of this from my mother (Jo) he wrote back, saying ‘so Tom’s gone over to the enemy.’ They adopted a little boy(Billie) and seemed to find suitable work as a live-in housekeeping couple.

[Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich - December 2000]


Sp. Agnes Monteith GOSSIP (1889-1939) [116].

Sp. Mary Lucy STRETTON (1894-1972) [117].

1.8.2 Rosalie Mary PENFOLD (1889-1957) [118].

Born 1889, Chelsea, London, England.13 Died 22 Nov 1957, Luxulyan, Cornwall, England.

ROSALIE I don't think I shall ever know anyone as unselfish and quietly capable as my Auntie Rose. She did not marry, though she'd have made a fine mother. She qualified as a school teacher and soon got a headship, all the while running a household which included her widowed mother, her youngest brother Bill and for several years my mother and her firstborn. I never saw her idle. She was of frail physique, but during WW2's blitz, she left home in the evenings to do fire watching duties alone in her large school building. During the years leading up to her retirement she lived with us at Banstead, Surrey and during that period of 2 years, helped my sister Mary run the household. She suffered from angina and acutely from arthritis and when my parents (Jo and Doug) moved to Cornwall on Dad's retirement she spent her last days there. After retiring at aged 65 she had only a short respite before suffering two massive strokes. She is buried in a tiny churchyard in Luxulyan Village, mid Cornwall. A lasting memory of her, is her way of referring to her infant pupils, whom she adored, as 'my little ones'.

[Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich - December 2000].

1.8.3 Mary Anna PENFOLD (1892- ) [125].

Born 1892, East Grinstead, Sussex, England.

1.8.4 Josephine Grace PENFOLD (1893-1976) [119].

Born 16 Oct 1893, Haywards Heath, Sussex, England. Marr Douglas Gordon REICH 1915. Died 1976, Bodmin, Cornwall, England.

JOSEPHINE GRACE As a child my mother suffered years of illness and so had little schooling. She read voraciously at home and, no doubt, also benefited from having bright siblings about her. I never found her lacking in the 3 R’s or general knowledge, but she seemed to me to worry unduly about being relatively uneducated. Her first born arrived early in WW1, and for all but a few weeks of the next years my father was away in France. She lived with her parents for much of that difficult time and both she and my sister Mary never forgot their loving kindness. For part of the war she worked in a food shop but never sought employment after my father returned. Some very lean years followed, before my father, could begin a career. Her mother was widowed, but she and my mothers’ elder sister Rosalie gave generous support. By the time I was born (1926) my parents were settled in a home of their own, a small council house in Tooting: even so my father always used to ask ‘going up home today?’, referring to her pushing the pram to her mother’s house at Streatham. The death of little Jo (from complications of measles) dealt a terrible blow from which, I feel my mother never fully recovered.

(Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich by Julie Hughes-Owen, December2000).

Sp. Douglas Gordon REICH (1893-1970) [120].

DOUGLAS GORDON REICH Like Uncle Ted, my father seems to have been the tearaway of his family, but was acknowledged to be the brightest. At 11 years, he won a scholarship to Latimer Upper School, Hamersmith, a prestigious place: one of his classmates became the Astronomer Royal( Sir Harold Spencer-Jones). When his father(William Stewart Reich) died, Dad, aged 13 was taken away from school so that he could spend more of his time in the fish and chip business his mother started up to make ends meet. (Even when still at school his early morning duty was to fetch sacks of spuds from the markets). He then got a job as Assistant Quantity Surveyor at Holloways Builders Yard, Hammersmith. 'They paid me a boys wage for a man's work' was his comment on that phase. His friendship with my mother was associated with the hospitality he used to get at her home, and he retained great affection for her parents. He joined the Territorial Army before WW1 and therefore was very soon over in France, and spent most of it at the front. Only the rare, dropped remark, pointed to the horrors, and he never talked to his children of the cruel punishment he received after an episode in mid-war: it attracted questions in parliament. His french became fluent and in 1919 he spent a year or so working for the War Graves Commission. Back in Blighty he matriculated at Birkbeck college and became a schoolmaster, content to remain so until retirement. His interests were family, garden and tennis. A nasty motor-bike accident in 1934 crippled him for life but his passion for gardening (mostly flowers) was undimmed. He liked to drink, but this caused anxiety, as he did not seem to handle a large intake very well. My mother spent most of her married life keeping his intake moderate, except for very infrequent outbursts. He was a great smoker, but this attracted little criticism from Mum, despite the crippling tax on tobacco in the U.K.

Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich.

1.8.5 Charles Edward Powell PENFOLD (1897-1970) [121].

Born 4 Sep 1897, Fulham, London, England. Marr Ida Mavell BURSILL 20 Apr 1932. Died 5 Oct 1970, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

CHARLES EDWARD Some seven relatives have left me with impressions of the young Ted. If asked to convey in a few words their gist, I would say ‘a highly principled, and often loveable, scallywag.’ He seems to be the most rebellious of the children. There is the occasion, during one of his fathers ‘ Sunday afternoon family readings (from one of the Socialist periodicals- perhaps ‘Tribune’) when Ted started talking. His Dad said sh, Shush and Ted replied ‘Stop playing trains with yourself.....’

He brought home an ‘unfortunate’ woman, ensconced her in the cellar and fed her for several days, before his mother discovered her.

My Dad, Doug, recalled being at a large family gathering at the Penfold house, which was about to break up late in the evening. His sympathetic eye saw, when Ted came in from a night out with the lads, that he had a heavy skinful on board, but that he conducted himself with meticulous dignity, saying that he was tired and would like to go up to bed. At that time candlelight was needed to get upstairs. He was handed a candle and carefully took matches from his pocket to light it. Unfortunately it was already lit......

His young brother Bill, gave several illustrations of his principled behaviour, one being the discovery of his illicit still in U.S.A, and how it was unthinkable that Ted would have given the Prohibition cops the bribe they were expecting and so went to jail. It seems from accounts from Bill and my mother (Jo) that he was a terrible tease, and sometimes a bit of a bully. Bill was of weaker physique than Ted, but of iron will, and issued an ultimatum that Ted ignored. Hence the bloody crowning with a soup ladle. My mother said he could be a bit of a bully: ‘get to the library Jo!’ etc. but they had a great affinity, not least in the novels they preferred, although Ted was more hooked than Jo on Jack London. As I recall, they both ‘knew their Dickens’. My mother was very distressed when Ted’s letters ceased, but already had a premonition that he had inherited his fathers’ heart weakness. (Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich by Julie Hughes-Owen, December 2000)


“Ted” was born on September 4th 1897 in Fulham. It is said he was a merchant navy seaman. He moved to the USA approxiamately 1925 and mentioned to be living in New York. He mentioned that he carried a “squirt”, a concealed handgun spent time in prison for bootlegging. When things got too hot there he signed up on a ship which came to Australia. After an incident that led to the death of a cook, he jumped ship and changed his name to Ted Powell. He obtained a job in the Marble Bar area digging wells on stations and prospecting, or working on the local gold mines until he got a job in Wiluna on the gold mine there. It is here that he met Ida Bursill. Born June 2nd 1914, in Trafalga, Western Australia, Ida was the youngest child of William and Marion (Acie) Bursill. She was in Wiluna to be with her only sister Hannah whose husband, George Durant was working in the local gold mine. Ida was working at Curly O'Connor's boarding house where Ted was staying. They were married on 20th April 1932 in a civil ceremony. The Marriage Certificate was signed by Ida Bursill and Edward Powell. Ida was not aware that this was not Ted’s legal name at this time.



Bill Powell comments on his father are 'My memories of Dad were that he was a good looking man, about five foot eight or nine, had a good physique and was a hard worker. He was also a hard drinker who loved to bet on anything that ran, galloped or trotted. It was apparent that he had a very good education and could hold his own with any one on almost any subject being discussed, much to peoples' surprise at times. One of these being the local clergy. He would have them at ease and lulled into a false sense of security with a cuppa in hand and in a comfortable chair before he commenced to question them on their religion and shoot their views and theories down in flames. We usually only got one visit from these people. Throughout life he gave the impression he was afraid of nobody and acted accordingly.'


Sp. Ida Mavell BURSILL (1914-1990) [122].

1.8.6 William Robert PENFOLD (1899- ) [123].

Born 1899, Fulham, London, England.13 Marr Evelyn HOLLYWELL 1942.

WILLIAM ROBERT My uncle Bill was a great ‘presence’ to my sister and I, both in childhood and later. He had a safe and comfortable job as a clerical officer in the civil service and led a sheltered life, in some respect, with his mother and sister Rosalie. He read widely and, in aesthetic matters, had tastes that at that time seemed somewhat above his station. He was a most generous uncle, his gifts always thoughtfully chosen, but could bring us up very sharply if we were over-indulgent. He and my father were of very different temperaments and abilities, but got on very well because each acknowledged the other’s field of interest. He was fastidious in dress and something of a gourmet. Perhaps he was the most highly-strung of the five. His hours of work were very ‘cushy’ before WW2 but he took his job seriously and was very jealous of the incorruptibility of the Civil Service throughout his life. Early in WW2 he had to leave home and find digs in Harrogate (Yorkshire) to work in the Ministry of Aircraft Production. His hours of work were unaccustomedly long and being of a hyper-conscientious nature he showed signs of acute stress. He found friendship there in a colleague, Evelyn Hollywell, who invited him to share her interest in the theatre and ballet (obsession might be an after word). They married and a daughter Anne was born (ca.1943). The marriage was not a success, and some members of the family, who had seen him as a perennial bachelor, were not surprised. In addition he hit his head when he fell into an unmarked hole in an urban footpath. He sought compensation from the local council in an expensive legal battle, and lost. Around this time he had a nervous breakdown, but even before that a schism was threatening, first with his sisters, and finally separation from his wife. Their daughter Anne was adored by both her parents, went to a prestigious school in London, and finally settled (not surprisingly) for a career on the stage. We went backstage when the English Shakespeare Company toured our local theatre and spoke to Anne and her husband, but it was clear that they did not want a reconnection with her father’s family. I should recall an incident shortly after WW2 that typifies the Fulham Penfold spirit. Bill was conscious of falling probity during WW2 in the Civil Service he so admired, and several fishy episodes had attracted publicity. It seems that one of his close colleagues was involved. He invited Bill to have a drink one lunchtime in a pub, and Bill said something like ‘no thanks, I don’t drink with corruption.’ It cost him his front teeth. (Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich by Julie Hughes-Owen, December 2000)


Sp. Evelyn HOLLYWELL ( - ) [124].

1.9 Thomas PENFOLD (1868-1887) [95].

Born 1868, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Died 20 Apr 1887, Belgrave, Middlesex, England.

1.10 George Albert PENFOLD (b.1870, bur.1874) [96].

Born 1870, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Buried 14 May 1874, Hartfield, Sussex, England.


1"Marriage: William Penfold".
2"Death: Mary Ann Charlotte Penfold".
3"Poster: John Robert Penfold - Tree001:W05".

Source: Poster: John Robert Penfold - Tree001:W05, John Robert Penfold - Poster

4"Christening: John Penfold - Tree001:W05".
5"Census 1911 Westminster, London, England RG14 Piece: 475 Reference: RG14PN475 RG78PN16 RD5 SD3 ED10 SN163" (RG14 Piece: 475 Reference: RG14PN475 RG78PN16 RD5 SD3 ED10 SN163).

Source: Census 1911 Westminster, London, England RG14 Piece: 475 Reference: RG14PN475 RG78PN16 RD5 SD3 ED10 SN163, 1911Census-john robert penfold-st george

6"Paper Cutting: Mary Jane Penfold - Tree001:W14".

Source: Paper Cutting: Mary Jane Penfold - Tree001:W14, Tree001-W14-Marriage

7"Census 1891 Her Majesty's Prison, Kirkdale, Lancashire RG12 / 2968" (RG12 / 2968).

Source: Census 1891 Her Majesty's Prison, Kirkdale, Lancashire RG12 / 2968, 1891EnglandCensus_279805270

8"Christening: Arthur Edward Penfold - Tree001:W06".
9"Arthur Edward Penfold: Criminal Registers".

Source: Arthur Edward Penfold: Criminal Registers, EnglandWalesCriminalRegisters17911892_172711519 (2)

10"Christening: Amelia Dinah Penfold - Tree001:W07".
11"Cupar Cemetary - Penfolds Listed".
12"George Edward Penfold - Business Calendar".

Source: George Edward Penfold - Business Calendar

13"Census 1911 Fulham, London, England RG14 Piece: 355 Reference: RG14PN355 RG78PN11 RD3 SD5 ED18 SN341" (RG14 Piece: 355 Reference: RG14PN355 RG78PN11 RD3 SD5 ED18 SN341).

Source: Census 1911 Fulham, London, England RG14 Piece: 355 Reference: RG14PN355 RG78PN11 RD3 SD5 ED18 SN341, 1911Census-charles penfold-fulham

14"Marriage Nightingale Square, Balham, London, England (Church Of The Holy Ghost) 21 Feb 1940 Thomas Edwin PENFOLD & Mary Lucy Stretton" (222).

Source: Marriage Nightingale Square, Balham, London, England (Church Of The Holy Ghost) 21 Feb 1940 Thomas Edwin PENFOLD & Mary Lucy Stretton, Tree001-W21-MC02

15"Thomas Edwin Penfold - Death Certificate".

Source: Thomas Edwin Penfold - Death Certificate