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Hannah HUMPHREY (1802-1845)


Spouse: William PENFOLD

1 Hannah HUMPHREY1 (1802-1845) [2].

Born 1802.2 Christened 26 Dec 1802, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr William PENFOLD 18 Feb 1821, Hartfield, Sussex, England.3 Died 12 May 1845, Hartfield, Sussex, England.4 Buried 18 May 1845, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

Sp. William PENFOLD5 (1791-1872) [1], son of John PENFOLD ( - ) [76] and Elizabeth SANDELL ( - ) [77].

William Penfold was born in Itchingfield, and baptised in that parish on 23rd October 1791. His parents were John and Elizabeth Penfold, nee Sandell. Prior to 1821 there is no mention of the surname Penfold and the name is not listed in the census of that year for Hartfield.

William, was a widower of Hartfield when he married Hannah Humphrey a spinster also of the parish on 18th February 1821. This began a Penfold association with the village that lasted throughout the remainder of the century.

To date, nothing is known of William's first wife and it is assumed that they lived outside of the parish when she was alive.


Hartfield Parish Magazine

The following is an excerpt from the Hartfield parish magazine for September 1868. It would appear that both William Penfold senior and William Penfold junior were keen gardeners. There is also a mention of a young Arthur Penfold junior for the child’s prize for wild flowers.

The Annual Cottage Garden Show

Page xxxv.

Took place on Wednesday, the 19th of last month. Partly owing to the long drought, the gardens were not so good as in several past years; the produce, however, was excellent in quality. Prizes will be given next year for Cottage Flowers, and the general appearance of the windows in which they are placed. The prize list is as follows:-

For the best Cultivated Gardens. – Class I. – First prize, 15s., William Penfold, sen., Hartfield Green ; second, 10s., James Mitchell, Spring Cottage; third, 5s., Frederick Crowhurst, Colstock. Class II.

First prize, 10s., not awarded, no garden worthy; second, 5s.,

Humphrey Gasson, Colstock.

For Vegetables, Herbs, and Flowers. – The best 12 Kidney Potatoes, 5s., William Penfold, jun .; 2nd, 4s., William Penfold, sen.; 3rd, 3s., Samuel Parnell; 4th, 2s., George Edwards. The best 12 Round Potatoes, 5s., Michael Waters; 2nd, 4s., William Penfold, jun.; 3rd, 3s., John Miles; 4th 2s., William Penfold, sen. The best 12 Onions, 5s., Thomas Still; 2nd, 3s., William Penfold, jun.; 3rd, 1s. 6d.,

William Penfold, sen. The best six Parsnips, 3s. 6d., George Edwards; 2nd, 2s. 6d., Samuel Parnell; 3rd, 2s., Frederick Crowhurst. The best six Carrots, 3s. 6d., William Penfold, sen.; 2nd, 2s. 6d., William Penfold, jun.; 3rd, 1st. 6d., William Firminger. White Turnips, no award. The best six Swede Turnips, 3s. 6d., William Penfold, sen.; 2nd, 2s., no award. The best six Mangold Wurzell,

3s. 6d., James Mitchell; 2nd, 2s., John Wheatley. The best three Cabbages, 3s. 6d., Caesar Gurr; 2nd, 2s. 6d., William Brown; 3rd, 1s. 6d., William Penfold, sen. The best 25 pods of House Beans, 2s. 6d., Thomas Still. The best 25 pods of Scarlet Runners, 2s. 6d., William Penfold, sen. The best bunch of Herbs, 2s. 6d., William Penfold, jun.; 2nd, 1s. 6d., William Penfold, sen. The best Nosegay

Of Gardens Flowers, 3s. 6d., George Turner; 2nd, 2s. 6d., William Hoath; 3rd, 1s. 6d., James Mitchell. The best six Blossoms of any Flower grown in the open air, no award. The best Flower in a pot, 2s. 6d., Mrs. Obed Farmer; 2nd, 1st. 6d., Edward Hollamby; 3rd, no award.

Page xxxvi.

Honey. – First prize, 5s., George Turner; 2nd, 2s. 6d., William Sands.

Children’s Prizes. – For the best Nosegay of Wild Flowers, 1s. 6d., Emily Crouch; 2nd, 1s., Arthur Penfold; 3rd, 6d., Thomas Hollamby.

Table Bouquets (given by C. Reily, Esq.) – First prize, 10s., The Rev. E. Polehampton; 2nd, 5s., W.Wallis, Esq.

Extra Prizes. – For Kidney Potatoes, 1s. 6d. each to Michael Waters, James Mitchell, and William Penfold, sen. Round Potatoes, 1s. 6d. each to John Miles, William Penfold, jun., and Frederick Crowhurst. Onsions, 1st 6d., George Edwards. Plums 1s. 6d. each to James Hills and George Turner. Apples 1s., John Wheatley.

Garden Productions, 5s., W. Hallett.


1.1 Mary PENFOLD (1821-1900) [3].

Born 1821, Hartfield, Sussex, England.6 Christened 7 Oct 1821, Hartfield, Sussex, England.7 Marr James CARR 30 Dec 1838, Hartfield, Sussex, England.8 Died 19 Jan 1900, Hartfield, Sussex, England.


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Sp. James CARR (1815-1890) [4].

1.2 Emily PENFOLD (1822-1900) [5].

Born 1822, Hartfield, Sussex, England.2,9 Christened 28 Jul 1822, Hartfield, Sussex, England.10 Marr William HYDER 10 Dec 1848, Hartfield, Sussex, England.11 Marr George FRIEND 9 Jul 1870, Hartfield, Sussex, England.12 Died 1900. Buried 19 Jan 1900, Hartfield, Sussex, England.13


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Sp. William HYDER (1827- ) [6].

Sp. George FRIEND (1823- ) [7].

Sp. (unknown).

1.2.1 Eliza PENFOLD (1843- ) [145].

Born 1843, Hartfield, Sussex, England.14 Christened 26 Feb 1843, Hartfield, Sussex, England.15

Sp. Benjamin SPICE16 (c. 1817-1902) [168].

1.3 George PENFOLD (1823- ) [8].

Born 1823, Hartfield, Sussex, England.17 Christened 16 Nov 1823, Hartfield, Sussex, England.18


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Sp. Anne (c. 1840- ) [9].

1.3.1 John PENFOLD (c. 1859- ) [28].

Born 1859 (cal), Penshurst, Kent, England.17 Marr Fanny HICKMOTT 1880.

Sp. Fanny HICKMOTT (c. 1860- ) [29].

1.3.2 Fanny PENFOLD (1865- ) [30].

Born 1865, Penshurst, Kent, England.17

1.3.3 Emily PENFOLD (1868- ) [31].

Born 1868, Speldhurst, Kent, England.17 Christened 3 May 1868, Speldhurst, Kent, England.19

1.3.4 Mary Anne Charlotte PENFOLD (c. 1871- ) [32].

Born 27 Mar 1871 (cal), Speldhurst, Kent, England.17 Christened 7 May 1871, Speldhurst, Kent, England.20

1.4 Eliza PENFOLD (1825- ) [10].

Born 1825. Christened 10 Apr 1825, Hartfield, Sussex, England.21


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1.5 William PENFOLD (1826-1873) [11].

Born 1826, Hartfield, Sussex, England.2,22 Christened 26 Nov 1826, Hartfield, Sussex, England.23 Marr Mary Ann Charlotte GUNN 11 Oct 1851, Lingfield, Surrey, England.24 Died 1873. Buried 1 Mar 1873, Hartfield, Sussex, England.25


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Sp. Mary Ann Charlotte GUNN (1831-1886) [12].

The following article was printed in the Hartfield Parish Magazine of December 1880.

The Rector has been permitted to read a most interesting and well written letter from Candahar, and to make a few extracts from it for the Magazine. The writer is a nephew of widow Penfold,s, a corporal in the Bombay Artillery. If he had been a correspondent for one of the leading newspapers, the letter cold not have been better written or expressed. The date is August 18th. 1880. After giving a sketch of affairs at Candahar previous to the disastrous battle at Maiwand, and a short account of the battle itself, he goes on to relate the losses in the fight. “About this time a few stragglers came in from the field, and among them there was a gunner with his left hand cut off and greatly exhausted, and from him I heard what I told you about the battle; he told us the miserable fact of how a handful of brave men were hurled at the hordes of Afghans, and how they fought like our fellows always do, but to no purpose, and the consequence was they were nearly all cut up. His Battery was a complete wreck; they lost 2 guns, 3 officers, 25 gunners, and 42 horses. The 66th Regiment marched out 587 strong, and those that are here after that awful day’s work are 183 officers and men. Out of the 500 Cavalry that went out all that can be mustered are 151 officers and men; their gallant leader General Nuttall returned dismounted and almost in rags, as did General Burrows. Such a scene as was witnessed that morning in the narrow lanes leading to Candahar city, I can only compare to the disastrous retreat of Napoleon from Moscow. Riderless horses, camels, mules, wounded men, carts, baggage, dooleys. &c., &c, all in the utmost confusion, and in the midst of the chaos the remnant of the Horse Artillery Battery was seen, and we went out to help them in. On the first gun carriage, lying in its gore, was the corpse of an officer of the 66th Regiment, and on the other side was Lieut. Fowell of their battery, shot through the arm, and almost dead. Instead of 6 horses to the gun, there were only 2, and about 4 men instead of 12, and they were ready to drop out of their saddles. In fact all were alike; it was pitiful indeed to see them; they were all more or less in rags, and bedaubed with blood, showing how close and hand to hand the fighting had been. I was an awful morning.”

The corporal then narrates the preparations made to receive the enemy when he came to attack Candahar; the guns laid in position; the approaches fortified with bags of earth, tent pegs, telegraph wire, &c., and then describes the sortie of the garrison, and how “the enemy fought like demons, well officered and led by great swells in gold-laced uniforms, and splendidly horsed; the British loss was 255 killed and wounded, including General Brooke. Among the troops, who made the sally there were two chaplains, one Roman Catholic and one Church of England; the latter, Mr. Gordon, was shot, and died in three hours. The Roman Catholic clergyman was in the battle of Maiwand, and all speak most highly of him. The plain in front of the city is now covered with dead and dying men and horses, bearing ample proof of the severity of the fight; a ghastly and awful sight. In the evening was the burial of the dead. At 6 p.m. the procession started from the Hospital; first came a gun carriage, on the top of which were the corpses of 4 officers, and behind a string of palanquins or stretchers containing all the poor fellows who had died in the action or of wounds during the day, neatly sewn up in their blankets. Poor fellows, there were no loving hands of dear home friends to comfort them in their last moments; theirs was a soldier’s death, and they met it like soldiers, and by sorrowing comrades they were buried. Behind them came a few of their different regiments; all that could be spared of officers and men off duty followed; and in one large grave under the wall of the Shikarpore Gate of Candahar city they were buried, officers and men together, for they fought and died together; and so they rest. The service was read by the remaining Chaplain, the Rev. G.E. Cave, and all present were greatly affected; whilst outside the wall we could hear firing going on in the villages around. All day and night the men of my battery with their officers live on the walls by the side of their guns ready at any moment. And a night the city walls are lined all round with the Infantry, and the Cavalry dismounted. Neither officers or men are allowed to leave their guns day or night, and they eat, drink, and sleep by the side of the guns.”

There is much more of the same interesting description in the corporal’s letter, but there is no room for more extracts. Shortly after this the garrison was relieved by the gallant troops under Sir Frederick Roberts, who after their unexampled march from Cabul made short work of the Afghan host. Besides this nephew, widow Penfold has a son in the 5th Lancers, and a fine boy in H.M.S. Northampton, the Admiral’s ship, on the Halifax station, who at the age of 17 is one of the signal men on board. The rector can testify that widow Penfold has done all in her power to bring up her sons in the fear of God, and he trusts they will all be an honour to their country, and a blessing to their widowed mother.


1.5.1 William PENFOLD (1851- ) [33].

Born 1851. Christened 4 May 1851, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.5.2 Mary Ann PENFOLD (chr.1852) [34].

Christened 7 Nov 1852.

1.5.3 Jane PENFOLD (1854-1936) [35].

Born 1854, Lingfield, Surrey, England. Marr Edward POWELL 1873. Died 1936.

Jane was born in Lingfield, Surrey during 1854 and died in 1936.

"Jane was the third child born to William and Mary Penfold (nee Gunn). She was born in the last quarter of 1853 and the birth was registered in the East Grinstead district of Surrey, and Censuses give her place of birth as Lingfield. Although her parents were living in Hartfield, Sussex, Jane's mother Mary came from Lingfield, and no doubt Mary returned to her parent's home for the birth.

Jane was seven years old at the time of 1861 Census in Hartfield and had two brothers, John 4, and Arthur, 2.

By 1871 she was not at the family home in Hartfield and it is thought she went into domestic service.

In the last quarter of 1873 she married Edward Powell (in the Croydon Registration District). On 1881 Census she is 27, and her husband is 32, a General Labourer from Banbury in Oxfordshire and they are living in Church Street, Benedict Village, Mitcham, Surrey. My mother (Daphne) remembers visiting her at this address probably in the early 1920s. Jane was a very large lady who loved to sing, but never in tune!. Daphne also remembers her visiting the family home in Chapter Street, and then being seen onto the bus for the journey home.

Apparently the family always thought that Jane had a lot of money but none came their way when she died!" (From Diana Smith).

Sp. Edward POWELL ( - ) [36].

1.5.4 John Robert PENFOLD26 (1857-1924) [86].

Born 12 Apr 1857, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Christened 24 May 1857, Hartfield, Sussex, England.27 Marr Mary Jane WILMSHURST 25 Dec 1879, Heathfield, Sussex, England. Marr Louisa MORFILL 6 Jun 1906, Hanover Square, London, England. Died 15 Mar 1924, Charing Cross, London, England.


"John Robert was born on 12th April 1857 and was baptised in Hartfield on 24th May 1857. The family attended the Methodist Chapel there with weekly sermons by the Reverend John Lemon. It seems that John's father, William arranged with the local cordwainer to have him trained in the making and repair of footwear.

It is not known whether this was formal apprenticeship, or merely a friendly arrangement. The 1871 Census lists him at the age of 13 in Hartfield as Labourer.

John married at the age of 21 to Mary Jane Wilmshurst aged 22.

Her father was a farmer at Milsham Farm, Heathfield. They married at the Independent Chapel, Heathfield, and the Reverend John Lemon conducted the ceremony. Frederick Charles Pinniger and Ellen Wilmshurst were witnesses to the marriage. Apparently John would walk from Hartfield, approximately 20 miles to Heathfield each Sunday to meet Mary.

They moved to Field Gate, Mitcham, Surrey, the same year their first son, Frederick William, was born there on 8th December 1879.

They then took over a shop in Queen's Road, Chelsea. Their second son Arthur was born on 24th November 1883, in a house, several doors from their shop. It is not known why he was not born at the home address.

The shop was the centre of the family life. John took orders for boots and shoes and made them himself whilst repairs were done by an assistant.

A third son Charles Edward was born on 1st December 1885. At the beginning of 1886 John Robert's mother died. It is assumed that she was living with John and the family as the Registration of the Death was in Chelsea.

She had obviously come up from Hartfield at some stage either because she was unwell or to help look after the children.

A daughter, Mary Jane, was born on 16th March 1888 and another daughter Mabel was born on 11th November 1890. The 1891 Census lists them at 25 Queens Road and Mabel is 4 months old. Sarah Wilmshurst, John Robert's mother in law was living with them too at this time.

All five children in turn went to the Christ Church National School, Chelsea. It was unfortunate that Fred, who had been selected for further education at the United Westminster Schools, had to leave within a few months to assist his mother with the business, as John Robert had a severe attack of rheumatic fever and several weeks elapsed before he was able to get about again. The doctor's opinion was that he should give up the business after a serious breakdown, and should seek a gradual return to full health in some open-air means of employment. Hence the shop was sold and the family moved. John Robert bought an insurance round, which brought in a small income and Fred found a job in Victoria Street, which brought in a little more money. This all occurred in 1895/6. John Robert set up a shed and bench in the yard of the house in West Chelsea, where he could perform light work.

Charles and the girls were taken in as new pupils at Ashburnham Road School, but after 18 months another move was made to 48 Rosenau Road, Battersea, but only for a short while.

John Robert had been elected as one of the six Labour members returned for the St. John Ward to Westminster City Council on Monday 9th November 1903 and he served for three years until November 1906.

During the 1900s, John's wife Mary Jane's health began to deteriorate, and she died on 29th January 1905 at the London County Asylum, Dartford, Kent.

By now the family had left the Battersea home and had become the first tenants of a flat on the fourth floor of 52 Hogarth Building, Millbank Estate.

John Robert had been running the footwear department of the Co-operative Brotherhood Trust, a store in Clerkenwell, but he now felt well enough to resume shopwork and a few printed cards announcing the opening of the shop advertised it to many on the estate. The shop was just around the corner in Chapter Street and was very convenient.

John married for the second time, Louisa Morfill, a widow, on the June 1906 at The Register Office, St. George Hanover Square. May Eliza Morfill, a daughter from Louisa's first marriage, and Frederick William Penfold were witnesses. Louisa ran a Sweet Shop in Rampayne Street, Westminster, but they lived in Lupus Street.

John Robert died on 15th March 1924 of Endocarditis and Multiple Emboli aged 66 years at Charing Cross Hospital. He was buried at Mitcham Old Churchyard where Lord Snell conducted a short meeting in the chapel prior to the interment. He is buried in unconsecrated ground with his sister, Jane and his daughter, Mabel."

(From Diana Smith)



To demand the amendment and passing of the Unemployed Bill.


Derby Daily Telegraph: 14th December 1916



At Bow-street to-day, ex-Inspector John Syme, secretry of the National Union of Police and the Prison Officials' Union and William George Mead, printer of Putney, wee charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations, with spreading reports and makding statements likely to prejudice the discipline of the Metropolitian Police Force, and John Robert Penfold, a bootmaker, and treasurer of the Union of Westminster, was charged with aiding and abetting them. There was also charge against Syme and Mead of being concerned in publishing statements in newspaper called "The Police and Prison Officers' Journal," likely to prejudice the discipline of the police.

Mr Bodkin, for the Public Prosecutor said proceedings had been taken in respect of speeches made by Syme and Penfold in Hyde Park on Sundays, and in respect of matters appearing in "The Police and Prison Officials' Journal" of which Syme was editor and proprietor, and W.G.Mead and Co. the printers. It would be as well to state that newsagents who sold copies of the paper containing the matter prohibited by the regulations would find themselves in an awkward position. In consequence of the past history of the Police Union and the increasing mischief which it was doing, an order was made prohibiting any member of the force from attending any meeting held under its auspicis. The journal had made numerous references to this order, all of them being in the direction of inciting to disobedience to it. Some members of the force had already been dismissed for joining the Union. With regard to the journal, its sole object was the underming of authority. It extolled the speeches of Syme without reprinting, and printed letters from Union members urging rebellion against the authorities. Those attacks, added Mr. Bodkin, on the part of Syme, a completely discredited person and a dismissed policeman, had been made from motives of revenge and with complete unscrupulness. The defendants were remanded in custody.


Evening Telegraph And Post: 19th December 1916


As Witness In Bow Street Court Case.

The adjourned hearing of the charge against ex-Inspector John Syme, William George Mead, and John Robert Penfold took place at Bow Street to-day. The first two men were charged with spreading reports likely to prejudice the discipline of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Penfold with aiding and abetting. Syme was further charged with publishing in the newspaper called The Police and Prison Officers' Journal statements likely to have the same predudicial effect.

Syme said in defence he wished to call witnesses, including Mr Herbert Samuel, as to regulations issued by the Home Office.

The Magistrate said there was no need to call Mr Samuel. Syme said the whole prosecution was a plot of the Government to persecute him. Defendant read a statement setting forth the object of the National Union of Police and Prison Officials, which he said were to defend the police force against tyranny in the interests of the men themselves and the public.

Evidence was given that Mead was not associated with the other defendants and only printed their paper as a business matter. Taking his good character into account, the Magistrate fined Mead £25. The proceedings against Syme and Penfold were adjourned.


The Manchester Evening News: Tuesday, December 19, 1916


Charged Under the Defence of the Realm Act.

At Bowstreet, London, to-day, ex-Inspector John Syme was again charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations with having made statements of a prohibitive character in speeches which he delivered in hyde Park and Regent's Park on November 26, December 3, and December 19. John Robert Penfold was charged with aiding him and William George Mead, the printer of "The Police and Prison Officials' Journal" of which Symes is the editor also took his place in the dock.

The proceedings were taken under the recent regulations forbidding anyone by word of mouth, or in writing, or in any newspaper, to spread reports or make statements intended or likely to prejudice the discipline of any police force.

Mr Bodkin, for the Treasury, had alleged that the prisoners thought that the present was the proper time to attack persistently in a most malicious manner many of the most respectable officers of the Metropolitan police force.

A policeman produced a police order of November 13 circulated among the Metropolitan Police intimating that any one joining the Federation rendered himself liable to dismissal. Every member was prohibited from attending meetings where language was used inciting to insubordination. Witness had attended meetings in many parts of London, and had noticed Penfold at most of them. Penfold had been referred to as treasurer of the union.

Cross-examined by Syme, he agreed that he had never heard any speaker incite the police to strike. He had heard them councel the police not the strike. He had heard Syme refer to what he called scandals of the force.

In the course of further cross-examination witness said he had heard Syme complain that the police were unable to do their duty in the matter of the supervision of public houses and other places owing to the friendship of people with superior police officers.


Syme: Have you heard me say that the blackmail of Germans who should be interned was a danger to the realm? Yes. Witness said that Syme had made allegations against high officials of receiving money.


Syme, in his defence, complained that he had been persecuted for some years. "It is a case of hushing up the trruth all the way through" he said. having called the Right Hon. Herbert Samuel as witness, and no reply being forthcoming, Syme asked for a remand. On this being refused defendant protested, and in the course of his address to the magistrate said, "It is known that you are under orders to convict me, your Worship - a contemptible act on the part of the British Governament"

It was stated that Mead's connection with the case was that he merely printed the journale as a matter of business.

The magistrate fined Mead £25 and costs. The case against Syme was further adjourned.


Western Daily Press: 23rd December 1916


Ex-Inspector John Syme, secretary of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers, and John Robert Penfold, treasurer of the Union, again appeared at Bow Street, yesterday, the first named being charged with spreading reports and making statements likely to predudice the discipline of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Penfold with aiding and abetting. Syme was sentenced to six months' in prisonment, and Penfold was ordered to find a surety in £100 to be of good behaviour for twelve months. Penfold having given assurance that he would comply with this order, a surety came forward, and he was released. Syme said he intended to appeal.


Westminster and Pimlico News: 24th March 1924

We much regret to have to announce the death of Mr. John Robert Penfold, a well known local Labour leader and worker in Westminster for the past 30 years. Mr. Penfold passed away on Saturday last after a very brief illness. He was at one time a member of the Westminster City Council, representing the St. John's ward, in which he lived and worked as a shoemaker. There was no mistaking Mr. Penfold's zeal for the betterment of the working-classes; nor was it possible to question his rigid honesty and desire to "play the game." He had read widely, and was an interesting conversationalist. Ever ready to give a political opponent credit for the best of motives, he would plunge eagerly into an argument at any moment, and he was so original - often quaintly - that it was always delightful to listen to him. The writer had a talk with him a few weeks back, and he was profoundly thankful that he had lived long enough to see a Labour Government. And he was full of ambitious schemes for the future welfare of Westminster - from his own party point of view.

(From the Westminster and Pimlico News, March 21, 1924 supplied by Diana Smith).


Sp. Mary Jane WILMSHURST (1856-1905) [87].

Sp. Louisa MORFILL (c. 1851- ) [88].

1.5.5 Arthur Edward PENFOLD (1859- ) [89].

Born 1859, Hartfield, Sussex, England.28 Christened 5 Jun 1859, Hartfield, Sussex, England.29

, Saturday, December 20, 1890

THE LIVERPOOL MURDER CASE. - It has been placed beyond doubt that Arthur Penfold, charged with the murder of a woman at Liverpool, is identical with a grocer's assistant who recently absconded from East Grinstead. On seeing the name in the newspapers Police Superintendent Barry, of East Grinstead, telegraphed to Liverpool for a portrait, which came to hand yesterday and was at once recognised by the prisoner's brother, Charles Penfold, a boot and shoe maker, carrying on business in Green Vine Road, East Grinstead. Charles informed a reporter last evening that Arthur served in the 5th Lancers, and was invalided out of the service suffering with heart disease. He afterwards joined the Sussex Artillery Militia under the name of Peter Bright. He used to complain very much of his head, and the pain was always aggravated by drink. Even if he took only a little liquor it made him like a lunatic. There was no insanity in the family, but his grandmother was eplileptic, and his mother died in an epileptic fit. He absconded about a fortnight ago with 18/. belonging to his employer.


The Manchester Evening News, Tuesday, December 23, 1890



Inquiries yesterday resulted in little further information as to the identification of the murdered woman Stewart or Cowie. A considerable number of people have viewed her body, some whom have known her during the period of her life spent in Liverpool. Up till a late hour last evening she had not been identified, and her parentage and place of birth still remain a mystery. It is believed, however, that she was formerly resident in Glasgow and Edinburgh. As to her Liverpool life it appears that until about five weeks ago the deceased woman was the keeper of a house of ill-fame in a court off Lambert Street.

The following are the antecedents of Arthur Edward Penfold, the full and correct name of the accused, which form quite a melancholy story. He was the son of a tollgate keeper and was born at Hartfield, a pretty rural village on the borders of Ashdown Forest, in the north of Sussex. His parents are long since dead. He served in the 5th Lancers, and was invalided out of the service with heart disease, and afterwards joined the Sussex Artillery Militia under the assumed name of Peter Bright. He appears to have won the good opinion of every one with whom he came in contact, but was liable to give way to drink, and when he had only a small quantity he was “like a madman” Generally a teetotaller, he appears to have periodically broken out, and then he would leave his situation, however profitable it was, and, without warning, go away, often turning up in a deplorable state of destitution. Writing to his brother from Norwich Union Infirmary in 1888, after speaking of his misery, the letter runs: “Sad to lead a life like this: you cannot wonder at my being laid up. What a fool I must be to do it when I might be settled down and comfortable. What a poor, weak-minded fool for yielding so easy to temptation. I feel as if there was no hope for me; it seems no use praying; there is no God to hear my prayer. I have sinned away my day of grace, and must now take my chance. Oh, that I had never left the proper path. It is too late for me now. I am glad you are all right, dear brother, Keep to the patch and don’t yield one inch to the devil, or he will surely soon be your master.” He returned to East Grinstead after that, and his old master, hearing that he was again in the town, sent for him, and without asking any questions as to his career during his long absence at once installed him into his old place of grocer’s and draper’s porter. Several months ago he had another outbreak, and not returning with a horse and van to his employer’s shop, information was given to the police. Penfold was discovered drugged and insensible on Tunbridge Wells Common and the horse and van on another part of the common not under control. He then admitted that he had given was to drink and to immoral women, with whom he generally got associated after taking even a moderate amount of liquor. He was brought up at the East Grinstead Police Court, and the charge was withdrawn, and, strange to say, there were two former employers whom he had in his freaks forsaken waiting to offer him a situation, even, as one of them said, “If Penfold had done a couple of months’ imprisonment.” He went back into the employment of the draper and grocer, however, and went on properly until a fortnight ago, when he was sent to Horley with the horse and van. The morning was bitterly cold, and it was snowing fast, and there is no doubt that Penfold indulged in a little intoxicants to warm him. As usual it got over him, and when put up the horse and cart at Horley, after collecting an account of £18, he went off, and was not heard of till his name was identified by East Grinstead police in connection with the Liverpool tragedy. He was then “wanted” for stealing the £18 alluded to. It may be interesting to state that though such a trustworthy employee when he kept to his temperance pledge he occasionally complained of pains in the head, and was sometimes strange in his manner. It seems also that his grandmother was subject to epilepsy and his mother died in an epileptic fit.


The inquest on the body of the deceased woman Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, was opened yesterday before Mr. Clark Aspinall in the Coroner’s Court, Dale-street. The jury, after viewing the body at the mortuary of the Royal Infirmary, were dismissed by the coroner and bound over to appear next Monday at one o’clock, and in the meantime the whole affair will be further investigated. At the time the inquest was adjourned the identification of the unfortunate woman had not been clearly established.


Liverpool Mercury, Wednesday, Decembe 24, 1890

THE CAB TRAGEDY. Prisoner Before The Magistrate.

At the Liverpool Police Court, yesterday before Mr. Raffles, stipendiary magistrate, Arthur Penfold was charged with having caused the death of Margaret Stewart, alias Cowie, on Wednesday, December 17, by stabbing her whilst in a cab driving from Ranelagh-street to the residence of the deceased in Lambert-street. The prisoner, who seems to be a man about 30 years of age, was well dressed, and during the few minutes he was in the dock conducted himself in a calm manner.

Mr. Moss (prosecuting solicitor) said that he must ask his worship to adjourn the case for a week, in order that the police might make further inquiries in regard to the identification of the deceased.

Mr. Raffles. - It is quite right. I will adjourn the case for a week. - Prisoner, who offered no opposition, was then removed below.





Throughout Sussex, and especially in East Grinstead and Hartfield, where the prisoner Penfold was so well known, the news of the terrible and extraordinary tragedy in a cab in Liverpool has created a profound impression, and not a little excitement, and those who knew him intimately will hardly credit the astounding news, Penfold being considered a man of affectionate and amiable disposition. The TERRIBLE STORY is being discussed by everybody in his native place, and there are few acquaintances who fail to ask, “What’s your opinion about Penfold?” The reply is generally one expressing sympathy with the poor fellow for it is generally asserted that, though he was a man who was very much liked, still he was frequently “queer in his head”, and when he gave way in the slightest degree to drink he was not responsible for this actions. Indeed there is AMPLE PROOF that he comes from a weak-minded stock in which there is hereditary epilepsy and imbecility. As previously stated his grandmother was an epileptic, his mother expired whilst seized with an epileptic fit, and he has a brother who suffers from epilepsy. It has also been ascertained that there is a first cousin a lunatic still living in Hartfield, who has periodically to be confined in an asylum, another cousin a confirmed epileptic who has also to be occasionally placed under control, and another first cousin, a man named Carr, living at Hartfield, who a few months ago was charged at the East Grinstead Petty Sessions with attempting to commit suicide.


Yesterday, at the City Police Court, before Mr. Raffles, the man, Arthur Penfold, charged with having caused the death of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, was again remanded for a week in order that the police may complete their inquires as to the identity of the deceased woman.


The Belfast News-Letter, Tuesday, December 30, 1890.


Liverpool, Monday. - At Liverpool to-day an inquest was held on the body of a young woman named Cowie or Stewart, who is alleged to have been murdered in a cab by Arthur Penfold now in custody. Evidence having been given as to the finding of the woman and to the arrest of Penfold, who admitted that he had stabbed the woman, a witness named Ross deposed that she lived with deceased in a house of ill-fame at Glasgow, and travelled to Liverpool with her. She knew her as Stewart, but saw a letter addressed to her from her mother, at Greenock, as Janet Cowie. A verdict of wilful murder against Penfold was returned.


Birmingham Daily Post, Tuesday, December 30, 1890.

THE MURDER IN A CAB. - The inquest on the woman who was murdered in a cab in Liverpool was resumeed yesterday. The identity of the victim has not yet been clearly established, but a woman who knew her two and a half years ago in Glasgow said she had seen a letter addressed to deceased from her mother at Lerwick in the name of Margaret Cowie. She seems also to have been known by the name of Margaret Stewart. It appeard from other evidence that deceased had lived with the prisoner, Arthur Penfold, in Liverpool for a week previous to the tragedy, and that both had drunk heavily together. When getting out of the cab prisoner told a constable he had stabbed the woman, and hoped she was dead, saying she told him to do it. The jury returned a verdict of "Wilful murder" against Penfold.


The Dundee Courier and Argus: Wednesday, December 31,1890

THE LIVERPOOL CAB MYSTERY. - Arthur Edward Penfold was at Liverpool yesterday committed for trial charged with the murder of Margaret Stewart alias Isabella Cowie, an unfortunate.


Freeman's Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser [Dublin], Tuesday, December 30, 1890.


Liverpool, Monday.

An inquest was held here to day by the Coroner on the body of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, who was murdered in a cab on the 17th inst in Lambert street. The deceased was not identified by any relative. She came originally from Scotland and settled in Liverpool, where she led a loose life. Two of four wounds inflicted between the ribs penetrated the heart, one also going through the liver. a verdict of wilful murder was returned against Arthur Penfold, a Surreyman, who had been living with the deceased and got on the spree.


Aberdeen Weekly Journal, Tuesday, December 30, 1890.

At Liverpool yesterday, an inquest was held on the body of the young woman named Cowie or Stewart, who is alleged to have been murdered in a cab by Arthur Penfold, now in custody. Evidence having been given as to the finding of the woman and as to the arrest of Penfold, who admitted that he had stabbed the woman, a witness named Ross deposed that she lived with deceased in an irregular house at Glasgow, and travelled to Liverpool with her. She knew her as Stewart, but saw a letter addressed to her from her mother at Lerwick as Janet Cowie. A verdict of wilful muder against Penfold was returned.


The Liverpool Mercury, Wednesday, December 31, 1890.


Yesterday, at the Liverpool City Police Court, Arthur Edward Penfold, 31 years of age, was brought up on remand before Mr. Raffles, charged with having, on the 17th December, feloniously, wilfully, and of malice aforethought, killed Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, of 28, Lambert-street. Mr. Moss conducted the prosecution. The prisoner, who had already been committed for trial to the assizes on the coroner's warrant, was undefended. The court was crowded, amonst those present being many of the associates of the deceased who belonged to the "unfortunate" class. Evidence given at the coroner's inquiry was recapitulated without variation. All the witnesses having been examined, the dispositions were read over by Mr. Savage, assistant magistrates' clerk, after which Mr. Raffles administered the usual caution to the prisoner and asked him if he had anything to say. The accussed replied, "I have nothing to say." He was then committed for trial at the next Liverpool Assizes.

During the hearing of the case the prisoner was accommodated with a seat in the dock, and manifested a stolid demeaneour, except when the clothing of the deceased was produced, at the sight of which he hung down his head, and appeared to be deeply affected.


Manchester Times, Friday, January 2, 1891.


The Liverpool coroner held an inquest on Monday on the body of Margaret Stewart, alias Cowie, who was stabbed to death in a cab in Liverpool on 17th inst. by Arthur Penfold. Evidence was given as to the girl having lived an irregular life for some time, and as to her intimacy with Penfold - Agnes Ross, and "unfortunate", now living in Liverpool, said she first knew the deceased in Glasgow about two years ago. Deceased, who was known as Margaret Stewart, then lived in Main-street with a woman named Ingram, the wife of a sailor. Witness once saw a letter from deceased's mother at Lerwick and it was addressed to "Margaret Cowie". Witness and deceased came to Liverpool about two years ago.. The Ingrams accompanied them but subsequently returned to Glasgow. The jury returned a verdict of "Wilful murder", and the prisoner was committed for trial. Prison has also been committed by the magistrates.


The Blackburn Standard and Weekly Express, Saturday, January 03, 1891.


The Liverpool coroner held an inquest on Monday on the body of Margaret Stewart, alias Cowie who was murdered in a cab in Liverpool on the 17th inst. by Arthur Penfold. Evidence was given as the girl have lived an immoral life for some time, and as to her intimacy with Penfold. Agnes Ross said she first knew the deceased in Glasgow about two years ago. Deceased, who was known as Margaret Stewart, then lived in Main-street, with a woman named Ingram, the wife of a sailor. Witness once saw a letter from deceased's at Lerwick, and it was addressed to "Margaret Cowie". Witness and deceased came to Liverpool about two years ago. The Ingrams accompanied them, but subsequently returned to Glasgow. - The jury returned a verdict of wilful murder, and Penfold was committed for trial.


Liverpool Mercury, Wednesday, March 11, 1891.


A true bill was found by the grand jury in the case in which Arthur Edward Penfold (31), described as a porter, is charged with the wilful murder of an unfortunate named Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, on the night of the 17th December, at Liverpool. The trial is fixed for Friday.


The Liverpool Mercury: Saturday March 14, 1891


Friday, March 13.


Before Mr. Justice Day.



Arthur Edward Penfold (31), porter, was indicted for the wilful murder of an unfortunate name Margaret Stewart alias Isabella Cowie, on the 17th December last, at Liverpool. Mr. Potter, Q.C., and Dr. Sparrow conducted the case for the prosecution, and the prison was defended by Mr. Segar.

Mr. Potter, Q.C., in opening the case, said the facts were very short and simple. The woman whom the prisoner was accused of having murdered was the inmate of a disorderly house in Lambert-street, and it appeared that for some five or six days before the 17th December, when the murder took place, the prisoner had been consorting with her, and during that time they had undoubtedly been drinking, more or less. On the 17th December at about threen o'clock in the afternoon, they left the house in Lambert-street together, and according to the evidence for the prosecution there was not then any appearance of drink about either the prisoner or the poor woman. What they did in the afternoon the prosecution had no evidence to show. The next information the prosecution could give about them was that at half-past seven in the evening they were together in Ranelagh-place. They came up to a cab which was on the rank there and the woman tried to open the door The cabman got down from his box and opened the door for her. The deceased and the prisoner entered the cab, and the former told the cabman where to drive, namely, to the house in Lambert-street. The cabman drove to Lambert-street, and stopped a door or two short of the particular house he had been told to drive to and when he got down from the box the prisoner told him that he had stabbed the woman who was in the cab, and that she had asked him to do so. He said further, "It's all right: I'm not going to run away. You can call a policeman if you like." Shortly afterwards the cabman did call the police, and two policemen came up, and the prisoner made the same statement to them, namely, that he had stabbed the woman and that she had asked him to do it. One of the policemen took the man into custody, and the other took the poor woman, who was not dead at that time, to the Royal Infirmary. The prisoner, on his was down to the police station, wanted to stop at a public house, but the constablee would not let him. He afterwards tried to stop at another public house, and then the constable, noticing that he was trying to put his hand into his left trouser pocket called to his assistance another man, who took the prisoner's arm on that side. So the prisoner was taken to the Central Police Station and there when he came to be searched, there was found in his left trouser pocet a knife with fresh blood on it. The knife was then closed. The wounded woman died at the infirmary shortly after her admission, and, on a post-mortem examination being made, it was found that over the left breast she had received six puntured wounds, four of which penetrated the wall of the chest, whilst one penetrated the heart, and one passed through the heart and penetrated a portion of the liver. Either of the last two wounds was, of course, necessarily fatal. It would be for the jury to consider - and he thought it would be almost the only question they would have seriously to consider - whether the prisoner at the time he committed this crime was responsible for the act which resulted in the death of this woman. The prosecution had noticed that there was some intention to raise this defence, and, acting on instructions from the Home Office, they had had the prisoner examined by certain medical men. It had also been represented to the prosecution that there was an inspector of police at East Grinstead who knew a good deal about the prisoner and, as the prisoner had no means to procure the attendance of this man, the prosecution were appealed to to procure his attendance. The prosecution had done so, and he proposed, subject to the approval of the court, to put this witness and the medical men into the box, and to allow his learned friend to ask them such questions as he might think desirable. There was no doubt that the case was one presenting some unusual features. He was unable to suggest any possible motive which could have actuated the prisoner either to kill or injure the woman he had been consorting with. They would have the evidence as to the condition he was in when he left the house, and when he was taken into custody, and it would be for them to say, under his lordship's direction, after they had heard the whole of the evidence, whether there was anyting in it to convince them that at the time the prisoner committed this act he was - whether from drink or from other causes - in such a condition as not to be aware of the nature of the act he was committing.

Ellen Ash, as widow 28 years of age keeping a house of ill-fame at 28, Lambert-street was the first witness. Examined by Dr. Sparrow she said she had known the deceased since September last, under the name of Margaret Stewart or Isbella Cowie. When first she knew her she was living in a house of her own in 10 Court, Lambert-street. The deceased came to live with witness about give weeks before her death. The prisoner came to her house on the 11th December, and stayed with the deceased, going away in the morning. The last occasion on which she saw the deceased was on the 17th December, at three o'clock in the afternoon. The prisoner was with her then. When the prisoner and the deceased left her house at that time, they were perfectly sober. She did not see the deceased again alive. She saw her dead body at the Royal Infirmary on the 22nd December. - Cross-examined by Mr. Segar: The prisoner was a very quiet man, as far as she saw. She thought he had been drinking heavily during the time he was at her house. As far as she knew, he had not had that day, before he went out, two bottles of ale, some gin, and a quartern of rum. She did not know whether he had any drink before he went out. There was a woman named Margaret Anderson living at her house at that time, and she might have fetched in drink for the deceased without witness knowing of it.

Margaret Anserson, examined by Mr. Potter, Q.C., said she also lived at 28, Lambert-street and she knew the deceased under the name of Margaret Stewart or Isabella Cowie. She knew that the deceased stayed with the prisoner for six nights before her death, during which time they were drinking together. She never saw them drinking much. She saw them leave the house together on the 17th December, about three o'clock in the afternoon. They were both then sober. She next saw the deceased at the Royal Infirmary, at a quarter to eight o'clock in the evening, alive but unable to speak.

- Cross-examined: The prisoner and deceased got up about one o'clock on the 17th December. She had seen the prisoner the night before, but she did not notice whether he was drunk or not. She did not know that he had a number of drinks before he left the house on that day. She did not fetch any drink for him, and no woman in the hosue fetched any to her knowledge. She could not say whether the prisoner and the deceased had some ale, gin, and rum before they got up. The deceased went out in the morning, but she did not see her bring back any drink. The prisoner was always a very quiet man.

Catherine Cuthbert, an unfortunate, living at 28, Lambert-street, gave corroborative evidence. - Cross-examined: During the six nights prior to the tragedy prisoner and woman were drinking heavily. He appeared to be very fond of the girl. Witness saw no quarrel. They had drink on the morning of the 17th December.

William M'Gee, cabdriver, stated that he was with his cab in Ranelagh-place when prisoner and the girl engaged him. The girl got in first, and told witness where to drive to. They both seemed to be sober. Whilst driving to Lambert-street witness heard the cab window pulled up. The night was cold. When he got to the house he opened the door of the cab , and saw prisoner fumblling about his trousers pocket as though hiding his hands. Prisoner got out, and said, "I've stabbed her, cabby. She asked me to do it, and you can go for a policeman if you like. I am not going to run away." Witness then noticed that the girl had been stabbed about the body and he called for assistance. The police having secured prisoner, witness drove the poor girl to the infirmary. - Cross-examined: After giving information of the affair, prisoner made no attempt to get away.

Police-constable Cutler stated that when he was called prisoner confessed what he had done, and he was taken to the bridewell. Whilst in London-road prisoner wanted to go into a public house. He seemed to be sober at the time, but looked as though he had been drinking. He pulled up in the street, and tried to put his left had in his pocket. Witness called another officer, and prisoner was taken to the detective office where a pocket-knife covered with fresh bloodstains was found in his trousers pocket. There was blood on prisoner's hands. He said "That is the knife I stabbed her with. - Cross-examined: Prisoner appeared to have been drinking heavily.

George John Tregifgas, labourer, said he assisted to take prisoner to the detective-office. Prisoner said to witness, "I've done it, I hope she is dead"

Police-constable Corran stated that he assisted to take the woman to the informary. She was unconscious at the time. When witness charged prisoner with the murder of the girl, he made no reply. Witness produced the clothes of the girl, showing the marks of the knife.

Dr. Jay Gould, of the Royal Infirmary, deposed that the woman never recovered consciousness from the time she entered the institution. Witness made a post mortem examination. He found six punctured wounds on the left side of the chest. Two penetrated the heart, and either was sufficient to cause death. There was no appearance of alcohol in the stomach - Cross-examined: He had not made insanity a special study. It was common knowledge that a person subject to epilepsy was subject to temporary bursts of insanty. If a person had epileptic tendencies he would not like to say that a bout of drinking would bring on insanity.

This was the case for the prosecution.

Mr. Segar said that the only question the jury would have to try was whether the prisoner was aware at the time the deed was done of the nature of the act he was committing. The prosecution had in court several medical gentlemen, including Dr. Wiglesworth, Dr. G.Whittle, and Dr. Barr, but, as they had not called them, he would aks them for their opinion as to the state of the mind of the prisoner. The witness that would be called for the defence would give evidence of the strongest possible character to prove that an act like the one the prisoner was charged with was motiveless, and that fact in itself was the strongest possible proof that prisoner's mind was unhinged. If a man did an act without motive there was a strong assumption that the man was mad. The act of the prisoner not only showed insanity, but the whole history of the man indicated that tendencies to insanity existed in his blood. His mother died in an epileptic attack, he had a cousin who was an idiot and another cousin had been tried for attempting to commit suicide and was acquitted. Furthermore, the prisoner himself had twice attempted to commit suicide. Once he went on to London Bridge with the intention of jumping into the river, and on another occassion he put poison into his coffee. In many ways his actions had been mysterious and his conduct singular. When charged with attempting to take his own life he was acquitted on the grounds of insanity, and on another occassion a prosecution against him for theft was withdrawn because the authorities came to the conclusion that he was not of sound mind. He had also disappeared from his employment on three or four occassions without any good reason. All these matters the jury would have to consider along with the facts that prisoner and deceased were on good terms, and that no ill-will existed; and he felt confident that the jury would without hesitation, find as a fact that at the time this crime was committed prisoner was irresponsible for his actions.

Dr. Wiglesworth said he had great experience in cases of insanity. He was in this matter instructed by the procescuting solicitor to examine prisoner. He was of opinion that the crime partook of the character of an insane act. There was apparanty no motive and no attempt at concealment. Epilepsy at times developed itself into sudden fits of insanity and if emileptice tendencies were in prisoner's family, it might effect him.

Witness had been hold that prisoner had been drinking heavily. At the time the crime was committed he thought that prisoner was suffering from mental disorder, the effects of drink, and that would prevent him fully realising the nature of the act. - Cross-examined: At the present time prisoner was quite sane. From his observations of prisoner witness had no reason to suppose that there were any epileptic tendencies in him, or tendencies to insanity.

Dr. James Morton, of Chelsea deposed that he had known prisoner's mother, brothers and other relatives for many years. They were all characterised by a tendency to nervous disease. The mother died at the age of 56 during a violent epileptic seizure. Witness knew two brothers of the prisoner. One showed great mental instability and the slighest excitement, either from joy or grief rendered him almost irresponsible. That brother's child two years ago had attacks of epiloepsy. Prisoner's elder brother had five children and three witness had seen during epileptic attacks. Presuming that prisoner had two cousins suffering from insanity and bearing in mind the other facts mentioned, it would show a family tendency to epilepsy or insanity. The evidence was consistent with the idea that prisoner was suffering from a violent attack of mania when he committed the crime - Cross-examined: The usual attacks of epilepsy make a suffer helpless, but there was a form which was characterised by more or less uncontrollabe acts of violence.

George Berry, superintendent of police at East Sussex, stated that he knew that prisoner had been in the 5th Lancers, but was not aware that he had suffered from rheumatic fever or heart disease. Witness also referred to the fact that prisoner was once charged with having stolen a horse and cart but witness, noticing prisoner's peculiar condition had him watched all night. He was jumping about the cell whistling and singing, and acting in a very peculiar manner. Seeing this, witness handed prisoner over to his brother, and the magistrates later on dismissed the case. In 1884 prisoner was before the magistrates on a charge of attempted suicide, and he was ultimately given up to his friends. One of prisoner's female cousins was an idiot, but not bad enough to be locked up.

Charles Penfold, of East Grinstead, said he was the younger brother of prisoner, who in 1878 disappeared suddenly from his employment. Subsequently it was found that he had joined the 5th Lancers, which he had to leave owing to heart disease and rheumatism. One more than one occassiion he disappeared mysteriously from his employment. He had often been in the hospitals. Witness had at one time suffered from epilepticed fits. If he took drink he very soon became irresponsible. Prisoner had never been given to acts of violence.

William Turner, who lives in battersea, London stated that he had known the Penfold family for some time. Prisoner used to complain about his head.

Frederick William Penfold, of her Majesty's navy at Portsmouth spoke of having frequently noticed peculiarities about the prisoner He stated that he had not seen the prisoner for over seven years.

Dr. Glyn Whittle, of Liverpool, said that when he examined prisoner there were signs of his having been drinking. - Mr. Segar: What is your opinion, after having the whole of the evidence, as to the condition of the man's mind at the time the act was committed? - Mr. Potter: I object to that question. - His lordship upheld Mr. Potter's objection, sayin that that was the question the jury would have to anser. - Mr. Segar attempted to put the question in serveral forms and contended that the other medical gentlemen had been allowed to answer it. - His Lordship would not allow the question. - Mr. Segar: Very well, I will give it up. Will your lordship ask the question in the form you think proper? - His Lordship: I will not. You can put all questions that are material in accordance with law. - In reply to Mr. Segar witness said that is was possible for the prisoner to have been insane on the 17th December and sane the following day.

Mr. Segar. in addressing the jury, said he had managed to struggle to the end of the evidence. He said "struggle," because he had not received answers to one or two questions he had asked, which if answered would have enabled him to address them upon the opinion of this medical gentleman, which was to his mind material. An opinion had, however, been obtained from Dr. Wiglesworth, and in deciding the case he was sure the jury would remember that fact.

His Lordship, in summing up, said that the burden of proving insanity rested upon the persons who alleged it, that law had been denounced by the counsel for the prisoner as somewhat hard, if not unjust. Now, to his mind, that law was very much in the interest of society. It was a law not made by statute, but developed by the custom of ages. In this case any observations as to hardships were ill-placed, because every assistance had been rendered by the prosecution. Reviewing the facts of the case, his Lordship remarked that there had been no evidence at all that prisoner had been treaded for mania or epilepsy, and, therefore, they might infer that he had never suffered from those diseases in such a form as to call forth medical treatment.

After a brief consultation, and without leaving the box the jury found the prisoner guilty.

His Lordship having assumed the black cap, said that the jury could have come to no other conclusion than they had arrived at. Prisoner had taken the life of this poor woman without provocation and had sent her into eternity without any notice. He gave her no time for repentance, and he had now forfeited his own life. The law, however, allowed him time to prepare for his great change, and his lordship urged him to make the best use of his time. The death sentence was then passed in the usual form, and the prisoner left the dock weeping.


The Blackburn Standard and Weekly Express, Saturday, March 14, 1891.


At the Liverpool Assizes, yesterday, Arthur Edward Penfold thirty-one years of age, porter, was indicted for the murder of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie in December last. Prisoner came to Liverpool from East Grinstead, Sussex, and lived for some days with the deceased, a native of Aberdeen, who was a woman of immoral character. While driving with her in a cab one day he stopped the vehicle, and told the cabman he had killed the woman. It was then found that the woman was fatally stabbed. A question as to prisoner's sanity was raised, and the prosecution said that evidence would be called on the point. Evidence as to the facts having been given, a medical witness said he considered the prisoner quite sane, and could not support the idea that the prisoner at the time of the murder was suffering from epilepsy. Another medical witness, who knew prisoner's family, said the mother died during an epileptic seizure, and a brother showed great mental instability. Both brothers were subject to fits, and prisoner, who was invalided from the Lancers, had done a number of eccentric things.




At Liverpool Assizes, yesterday – before Mr. Justice Day. – the trial took place of Arthur Penfold (30) for the murder of Margaret Stewart, alias Isabella Cowie, a native of Shetland, by stabbing her through the heart, in a cab. Prisoner is a native of Hartfield, Sussex. After leaving the 5th Lancers, he became a grocer’s porter at East Grinstead. In December last he went to Liverpool, and lived with the deceased for a week, drinking heavily. When arrested he said the deceased asked him to kill her. In defence of Penfold, counsel attempted to prove insanity, contending there was a hereditary taint in the family, his mother having died insane. Prisoner twice tried to commit suicide, and was acquitted of theft at East Grinstead on the ground of insanity and absence of motive for the crime. Dr. Morton, Chelsea; Police-superintendent Berry, East Grinstead; and the prisoner’s brother Charles gave strong testimony to the prisoner’s insanity. The jury gave a verdict of guilty, and the death sentence was passed.


The Liverpool Mercury, Tuesday, March 17, 1891.

The Liverpool Cab Murder.

To the editors of The Liverpool Mercury.

Gentlemen, - Will you allow me a little of your valuable space to bring before your readers the following facts, and to solicit their sympathy on behalf of the unfortunate man Arthur Edward Penfold, now lying in Kirkdale Jail awaiting his fearful doom. On Friday last the court had a most delicate and difficult task, I have no disposition to in any way cast reflection upon any gentleman who had the grave responsibility of judgment and of action in this most painful case; and your readers will be already familiar with the evidence as given in court. They will remember also that, in opening the case for the prosecution, Mr. Potter, Q.C., said – “The case unquestionably presented some unusual features, and he was unable to suggest any possible motive that could have activated the prisoner to kill or injure the woman with whom he had been consorting; it would be for the jury, after hearing everything, to say whether, as the time the prisoner committed the act, he was, whether from drink or other cause, in such a condition as not to be aware of the nature of the act he was committing.” From this it would appear that the counsel for the prosecution agree with counsel for the defence that there was an utter absence of motive; which implies irresponsibility. If this were consequence upon hard drinking simply, in the eyes of the law and probably in the judgment of the public the sentence of “guilty” is quite just. But, from the evidence, there is at least considerable probability that it was hard drinking plus something else! Now, gentlemen, from the medical testimony, particularly of Dr. Morton, who has known the family for three generations, and of Dr. Wiglesworth – who is a specialist, and who will probably supplement and confirm by letter evidence already given – from hereditary tendency, for his mother died in an unconscious state from epileptic seizure, and he has relatives who are idiots, and from the history of this man, there is immense probability, amounting – as I think – to certainty, that the “something else” was temporary insanity.

Let me add two items of evidence that were not given in court. The eldest brother, John Robert, would have proved , had he been put in the witness box, that there were periodic moods when the prisoner lost all self-control, and was irresponsible. In several of these moods he had been of necessity closely watched. When the prisoner’s photograph was officially sent for identification, a late employer at Chelsea remarked – “Dear mo! Why, the fact is, you know, the man is half a lunatic.” On one occasion, when visiting the unfortunate man at Kirkdale, I asked him – “How came you to do it ? Did you know what you were about?” He said he didn’t know why he did it or when, or even where it was done, his memory entirely left him ; but he knew as soon as the fearful act was committed what he had done, and he could not forgive himself. I believe the man’s statement, and from the circumstances of the case, as also from the laws of mental philosophy, I am satisfied that it is consistent with his ready confession upon realising the result of his violent and awful seizure – “I have stabbed this woman.”

My present action in this case is the result of a deep conviction, of a sober judgement, and of an interest that I am sure any one else would have were they in my position and had the same information in their possession.

The petition below is based upon the evidence, and is deducted from it. If it should be successful it will remove from a most respectable family the odium of a terrible crime; it will give the condemned man the “benefit of doubt” and the advantage of great probability; while it secures him in a criminal lunatic asylum during her Majesty’s pleasure from the repetition of such acts of violence.

I appeal to your numerous readers for their signatures and practical help.

29, Hope-street. Wm. Hodson Smith.

Petition on Behalf Of The Condemned Man.

To the Right Honourable Henry Matthews. Q.C., her Majesty’s Secretary of State for the Home Department.

Regina v Arthur Edward Penfold.

Your petitioners call your attention to the following facts:-

1. That the prisoner was proved to have been always a quiet man and never to have been known to have committed any previous act of violecnce.

2. That the prisoner was proved to have been on good terms with the deceased, and that there was absolutely no motive proved or suggested for the crime.

3. That the prisoner made no attempt to conceal his act or to escape.

4. That is was proved that insanity existed in the prisoner’s family.

5. That it would appear that in last August he was considered by the superintendent of the police at East Grinstead and a magistrate or magistrates irresponsible for his acts.

6. In our opinion, the medical testimony was sufficient to establish the probability of the prisoner’s insanity at the time the act was committed.

Your petitioners therefore pray that you will recommend her Majesty to pardon the prisoner to be remitted to safe custody during her Majesty’s pleasure, on the ground that he was not responsible for his actions at the time the deceased was killed.

Copies of the petition may be signed at the office of Mr. William Rudd, 28, Victoria-street; the Sailors’ Home, Exchange Newsroom or Flags (if practicable), the Labour Registry, 62, Soho-street; the Village Club, Woolton; the Cabstand, Pembroker-place, and other places. Copies of the petition can be obtained at the office of Mr. Rudd, or from the Rev.W.Hodson Smith, 29, Hope-street.


The Leeds Times: Saturday, March 21, 1891

Arthur Edward Penfold (31), porter, was sentenced to death at Liverpool for murdering his mistress in a cab.


March 23, 1891

Kirkdale Gaol

Efforts are being made to obtain a commutation of the death sentence passed on Arthur Penfold at Liverpool Assizes for the murder of a woman in a cab, but so far the prison governor has received no communication about him from the Home Office.





At Liverpool Assizes, before Mr. Justice Day, Arthur Penfold, aged thirty, was put upon his trial for the murder of Margaret Stuart, alias Isabella Cowie, by stabbing her through the heard, in a cab at Liverpool, on December 17th. – The prisoner is a native of Hartfield, Sussex. After leaving the 5th Lancers he became a grocer’s porter at East Grinstead. In December last he came to Liverpool, and lived with the deceased for some days. The woman, it was alleged, was the native of Aberdeen, but had been a barmaid in Lerwick. The prisoner was drinking heavily, and when driving home with the deceased in a cab he stopped the vehicle and told the cabman to go for a policeman, as he had killed the woman. The police were brought, and the woman was found dead, having been fatally stabbed. A question as to the prisoner’s sanity was raised, and the prosecution said evidence would be called on that point. Evidence as the facts of the murder having been given, a medical witness was called, who said that, from examination and observation, he considered the prisoner quite sane at present, and could not find any evidence in support of the idea that he at the time of the murder was suffering from epilepsy. Another medical witness said he knew prisoner’s family. His mother died during an epileptic seizure, one brother showed great mental instability, and the children of both brothers were subject to epileptic attacks. Attacks of epilepsy led to mental disorder, causing suicide and homicide. One of the prisoner’s cousins had attempted suicide, and another was mentally affected, while the prisoner had done many eccentric things. He had been invalided from the Lancers for heart disease. – The prisoner’s council attempted to prove insanity, contending that there was a hereditary taint in the family. The prisoner, he said, twice tried to commit suicide, and was acquitted of theft at East Grinstead on the ground of insanity. – The jury found a verdict of guilty, and death sentence was passed.


The Liverpool Mercury: Friday, March 27, 1891

The Convict Penfold. - The Governor of Kirkdale Jail received the official document from the Home Office yesterday morning, announcing the respite of Arthur Edward Penfold, who was, at the recent assizes, found guilty of wilful murder. The decision of the Home Secretary was not only received with joy by Penfold himself but by his brothers and others who, since the trial, have been indefatigable in their exertions to save the unfortunate man from the gallows.


The Herald: Saturday, March 28, 1891


On Sunday, the Governor of Kirkdale Gaol, Liverpool received a communication from the Home Office intimating the respite of the death sentence passed on Bliagwar, a Lascar, for the murder of Captail Lyall of the ship Buckingham, while on a voyage from Dundee to York. One of the crew of the Buckingham has since the trial made an important statement, which was sent to the Home Office on Friday. A petition on behalf of Arthur Edward Penfold, also under the death sentence at Kirkdale Gaol, for the murder of a woman in a cab is being largely signed, on the supposition of the prisoner's insanity.


Liverpool Mercury, Saturday, April 18, 1891


To The Editors Of The Liverpool Mercury.

Gentlemen, - Will you allow me to bring before your readers once more the case of the unfortunate man Arthur Edward Penfold. It will be remembered that the prayer of the petition to the Home Secretary on his behalf has been granted. So far we have been very successful. There yet remains, however, the question of costs. While the legal expenses were most moderate, the general costs of the trial and of the petition were considerable. The brothers are exceedingly poor, and their poverty has been much aggravated by recent events; help is sorely needed, and would be most grafefully received.

I feel sure there are some who would like to show their sympathy in a practical way, and I shall be glad to see to it that any contribution forwarded to the address below is duly acknowledged and devoted to the object for which it is given. Thanking you for your kindness in this case.

Wm. Hodson Smith. 29, Hope-street, April 17, 1891.


1.5.6 Amelia Dinah PENFOLD (1861-1867) [90].

Born 1861, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Christened 25 Aug 1861, Hartfield, Sussex, England.31 Died 1867, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Buried 14 May 1867, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.5.7 Frederick William PENFOLD (1863-1901) [91].

Born 20 Jul 1863, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Harriett Mary TUBB 12 May 1888, Tottenham, London, England. Died 7 Apr 1901, Fulham, London, England.

He died on 7th April 1901 at Fulham Infirmary from Cerebral Haemorrage/Coma. His occupation is given as House Painter (Journeyman) of 2 Seagrave Road, Fulham. His brother John Robert registered the death on 10th April 1901.

According to family hearsay Fredrick William had left the family at some stage prior to his death and Harriett, his wife, could not keep the family together and it seems that her son George was put into a Barnardo’s Home and sent to Canada in 1899 at the age of 10. (See entry written by him in the book entitled ‘The Home Children’). His sister Harriett did not go to Canada as she was 15 years old and had gone into service.

Their daughter Grace later preceded her mother Harriett to Canada and Harriett herself went to Bracebridge, Ontario, via Quebec, having travelled steerage from Liverpool in 1910. She seems to have left Fred, who was 14, in England but took Bert who was a couple of years younger with her. Fred stayed with Mary Jane Penfold at the Chapter Street flat in Westminster and attended Millbank School. He subsequently went to Canada, joined Harriett and Bert where he found employment.

Their oldest daughter Harriett, known as Hetty, became Mrs. Ward, had five children and remained in England”

(From Diana Smith).


There is a slight discrepancy in the report above as on 11 October 1910 Harriett Mary Penfold, nee Tubb enters Quebec with Frederick William Penfold on the vessell "Lake Manitoba"

Trevor Penfold - 6th January 2013


Sp. Harriett Mary TUBB (1867-1934) [92].

Cupar - 26th June 1913

Mrs. Penfold, of Quelph, Ont., arrived on Wednesday to visit her sons of town.


1.5.8 Charles R PENFOLD (1865-1917) [93].

Born 31 Oct 1865, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Mary Anna TUCKER 13 Nov 1886. Died 4 Sep 1917, Streatham, London, England.

Charles was reputed to be a devoted and abstemious family man who worked as a poorly paid post office sorter and supplemented the family income by repairing footwear in the evenings, often working into the night. He liked to keep the family well fed, and did much of the shopping himself. He and his wife were highly principled, and imbued their children with a kind of Christian socialist outlook (for want of a better term) but without priggishness and, so far as I can judge, without any strong affiliation with organized religion” (Letters from Peter Reich 2000).

Charles retired from the postal service on 16th June 1916 due to ill health and died aged 51 years on the 4th

September 1917, at 12 Penrith Street, Streatham. His wife died in Somerset in 1945 aged 87. She was paralyzed

for the last 10 years of her life due to a fall.

Sp. Mary Anna TUCKER (1860-1945) [94].

I think Mary Tucker was brought up on a farm near Chard in Somerset. She told me once of trying to ride the cows, with her young playmates. Before marriage she was a travelling Companion to a wealthy(perhaps titled) lady, and spent time in continental Europe and in Ireland. Despite this, she never ventured beyond her own front gate in all the years that I knew her, when she lived in Streatham and, later Wallington, Surrey. She was very active about the house until falling on the coal cellar stairs, thereafter spending the last 10 or more years of her life semi-paralysed.

My sister Mary as a young child, and my mother(Jo) lived with Charles and Mary for several years. I never heard them talk of those days other than with deep affection for both.

[Transcription of Letters from Peter Reich - December 2000].

1.5.9 Thomas PENFOLD (1868-1887) [95].

Born 1868, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Died 20 Apr 1887, Belgrave, Middlesex, England.

1.5.10 George Albert PENFOLD (b.1870, bur.1874) [96].

Born 1870, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Buried 14 May 1874, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.6 Hannah PENFOLD (1829-1915) [13].

Born 1829, Hartfield, Sussex, England.32 Christened 27 Dec 1829, Hartfield, Sussex, England.33 Marr Thomas THARP Jul 1851, Lingfield, Surrey, England.34 Died 1915.


Join the descendants of The Hartfield Penfold's email list


Sp. Thomas THARP (c. 1826- ) [14].

1.7 Harriet PENFOLD (1831-1849) [15].

Born 1831. Christened 6 Nov 1831, Hartfield, Sussex, England.35 Died 1849. Buried 16 Jun 1849, Hartfield, Sussex, England.36


Join the descendants of The Hartfield Penfold's email list


1.8 Henry PENFOLD (1833-1915) [16].

Born 1833, Hartfield, Sussex, England.17 Christened 10 Feb 1833, Hartfield, Sussex, England.37 Marr Harriett FROST 1880. Died 1915.


Join the descendants of The Hartfield Penfold's email list


Sp. Harriett FROST ( -1881) [163].

1.9 Amelia PENFOLD (1834-1859) [17].

Born 1834, Hartfield, Sussex, England.38 Marr Richard CARE 4 Nov 1854, Hartfield, Sussex, England.39 Died 21 Apr 1859, East Grinstead, Sussex, England.


Join the descendants of The Hartfield Penfold's email list


The descendants of Amelia Penfold and Richard Care are being researched by Sue Bird who can be contacted at "suevbird AT"


Sp. Richard CARE (1831-1866) [18].

1.10 John PENFOLD (1836- ) [19].

Born 1836, Hartfield, Sussex, England.40


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1.11 Stephen PENFOLD (1837-1895) [20].

Born 1837, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Died 1895. Buried 27 Mar 1895, Hartfield, Sussex, England.41


Join the descendants of The Hartfield Penfold's email list


Sp. Sarah A (c. 1837- ) [21].

1.12 Martha PENFOLD (1838-1863) [22].

Born 1838, Hartfield, Sussex, England.42 Died 1863. Buried 12 Mar 1863, Hartfield, Sussex, England.43


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1.13 Peter PENFOLD (1840-1907) [23].

Born 15 Apr 1840, Hartfield, Sussex, England.44 Marr Esther Ann TOWNER 25 Dec 1865, Lingfield, Surrey, England.45 Marr Harriet FORD 11 Oct 1880, Hartfield, Sussex, England.46 Died 24 Apr 1907, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Buried 29 Apr 1907, St. James Cemetery, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


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The SS Parisian sailed from Liverpool on 21st March 1895 and docked in Derry, Northern Ireland on 22nd March.

It arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 1st April 1895. The ship carried 328 adults, 34 children between the ages of 1 and 14 and there were 3 infants under the age of one year. On board was Peter Penfold, age 54, his wife (Harriet) age 50, Hannah age 13, Peter age 10, William age 27, his wife Olive, age 30, their sons Peter age 2 and Stephen age 6 months, Percy Rowland, age 22, Louisa (Penfold) age 23, and their son 'Percy', he was called Joe, age 6 months. Their destination was Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


Sp. Esther Ann TOWNER (1851-1874) [25].

1.13.1 William PENFOLD (1865-1945) [37].

Born 18 Dec 1865, Lingfield, Surrey, England. Marr Olive HOWARD 18 Apr 1892, Limpsfield, Surrey, England. Died 17 Mar 1945, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.

Sp. Olive HOWARD (1865-1928) [38].

1.13.2 Louisa PENFOLD (1871-1921) [39].

Born 23 May 1871, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Christened 9 Jul 1871, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Joseph Percy Pennifold ROWLAND 17 Jun 1894, Burgess Hill, Sussex, England. Died 7 Oct 1921, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Sp. Joseph Percy Pennifold ROWLAND (1872-1958) [40].

Sp. Harriet FORD (1844-1906) [26].

1.13.3 Hannah PENFOLD (1881-1967) [41].

Born 13 Nov 1881, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Samuel CROWTHER 9 Dec 1902, St. James, Manitoba, Canada. Died 1 Sep 1967, Robbinsdale, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Buried Brooklyn-Crystal Cemetery, Brooklyn Park, Hennepin County, Minnesota, USA, Plot: Lot 16, Sec D.

She died on 1 September 1967 in Robbinsdale, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Minnesotea Death Index certid# 1967-MN-022301.


Sp. Samuel CROWTHER (1874-1965) [42].

On 2nd December 1936, Samuel Crowther applied for his social securitynumber#472-05-5197. He and Hannah were living at 2948 France Avenue, N.,Minneapolis,Minnesota. Samuel was working for the Crane Compay, 400 Third Ave. N.,Minneapolis, Minnesota.


1.13.4 Peter PENFOLD (1887-1918) [43].

Born 13 Apr 1887, Redhill, Surrey, England. Marr Henrietta SHELMERDINE 2 Dec 1913, St. James, Manitoba, Canada. Died 3 Oct 1918, Pas de Calais, France.

Peter Penfold was born in Redhill, Surrey on 13th April 1887 and died on 3rd October 1918 of wounds incurred during the First World War in Pas de Calais, France. He signed his Attestation Paper for the Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force on 1st March 1917 and gave his profession as a butcher. He was 5 feet 5 inches in height had bluish grey eyes and dark brown hair. Peter a Private (524358) of the 3rd Field Amb, Canadian Army Medical Corps, is buried in Bucquoy Road cemetery,Ficheux, Pas de Calais, France. The grave reference is IV. D.17.

He married Henrietta Shelmerdine (Tree001:P05A) on 2nd December 1913 in St.James, Manitoba, Canada.

His last letter to Henrietta was received on 7th October 1918 four days after he died on 3rd October 1918.


His last letter to Henrietta was received on 7th October 1918 four days after he died on 3rd October 1918.

Church Army Recreation Hut

2nd Canadian Fld. Amb. B.E.F. France



My Darling Wife Hetty

Just a few more lines dear to let you know that I am in the best of health and we are getting much nicer weather now its has stopped raining. Mr Frampton is close here somewhere but I dont know just where and Gordon McKaren (?) is somewhere near but I havent seen him since I saw them altogether Nam Mc Kee (?) I believe is running a Divisional Bath house somewhere in France. Well Dear I was at Church Parade this morning at the Church Army hut where I get this

Paper they also run a canteen (Dry) &(?) a coffee stall when you send a parcel Dear you might put in a can of coffee au lait we are still in the same old barn. I met a Cousin of mine in the Imperial Army and he gave me the address of my Cousin Tom and I got a Photo of my Cousin which is Toms Daughter I am sending it to you Dear you can see the Penfold face alright it seems marvelous how you find People. We have just got our Tobacco and Cigarettes. I got three packages of Cigarettes and a Bag of Old Chum a packet of spearmint gum and Box of matches a pretty good issue eh Dear. We are having a Bath Parade <word?> from <word?> & tea at Last Post <from?>Ive been looking around for a photograph but haven't found one yet I wrote to Col. Corbett <and?>

<asked?> about the photos we had taken at Witley but I cannot get much satisfaction about it Enclosed is the answer I got back so I am writing to London to find out if they have any more left if so I shall have to buy

another it is getting near from <velrds?> Dear so must close love with all my love & kisses to you my darling and the Dear children

xxxxxxxxxxxx your own true and own loving

xxxxxxxxxxx Husband Pete X X X



PENFOLD, P Private 524358 03/10/1918 Canadian Army Medical Corps Canadian IV. D. 17. BUCQUOY ROAD CEMETERY, FICHEUX

In Memory of Private P Penfold Remembered with Honour

Bucquoy Road Cemetery, Ficheux

n Memory of Private 524358, 3rd Field Amb., Canadian Army Medical Corps who died on 03 October 1918


Sp. Henrietta SHELMERDINE (1894-1986) [44].


Ottawa 4th November 1981

Mrs. Henrietta. Penfald.

Margo. P.O. Sask.

Dear Madam;-

"No. 524358 Pte. Peter. Penfold. 3 Fld. Amb.

Dep. Fr. CAMC T. D. No.10.

I regret to have to advise you word has been received be me that the above soldier has been reported Died of wounds 3rd. October 1918.

Commencing with the month of November all future payments to you will be made by the Board of Pension Commissioners, Ottawa. Ont. to whom you may address any correspondance.

When the necessary particulars have been received here from Overseas regarding personal effects, accumulated pay., etc., of this soldier a full settlement of the estate will be made by the Estate Branch Militia and Defence Department, Ottawa.

Yours truly

for Director. S.A & A.P.


1.14 Thomas PENFOLD (1841-1903) [24].

Born 14 Dec 1841, Hartfield, Sussex, England.49 Christened 30 Jan 1842, Hartfield, Sussex, England.50 Marr Mary WILLIE 13 Mar 1869, Hartfield, Sussex, England.51 Died 12 Oct 1903, Hartfield, Sussex, England.52 Buried 15 Oct 1903, Hartfield, Sussex, England.


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The Surrey Mirror and General County Advertiser – August 26, 1882


Hartfield Horticultural Society. –

The annual flow show in connection with this society took place on Wednesday afternoon in the National schoolroom. The exhibit in the vegetable collection showed a slight falling off this year in quantity, but the quality was excellent. Messrs. N.Garrett Hartfield Downes, gardener to Mr. T.C.Thompson, M.P., and Hewett, gardener to Earl Delewan carried out the duties of judges with satisfaction and at five o’clock the Rev. E.Polehampton distributed the prizes to the successful competitors, a list of which is below. Only one hive of honey was exhibited in the competition for the two prizes offered, and this was so light that the award was withheld. The long season of wet which occurred in mid-summer prevented the work of ingathering being proceeded with, and consumption of that already gathered took place.

Prize list: - For the best cultivated garden –

1, James Carr [ ], Robins lane, 15s; the two next gardens were considered equal, but not worthy second prize, and were awarded 5s each to George Heaman and Jesse Hudson respectively, of the village; John Jenner, of Church Hatch, receiving an extra prize of 2s 6d. Best collection of pot flowers – 1, P.C. Collins, 5s ; 2, Mrs Penfold [ ], 2s 6d.; 3, Wm Brown, 1s 6d. Best tray of vegetables – 1, Thomas Penfold, 7s 6d.; 2, Mrs. Penfold, 5s ; 3, Peter Penfold [ ], 2s. 6d.; extra prize, P.C.J. Collins. Kidney potatoes – 1, T.Penfold , 5s.; 2, P.Penfold; 3, J.Carr ; 4, ? Slater. Round potatoes - 1, P.Penfold, 5s.; 2, T.Penfold; 3, L.Tidy; 4, Jesse Hudson. Twelve onions – 1, C.Mepham; 2, J. Carr; 3, J.Collins. Best six parsnips – 1, T.Penfold; 2, Luke Tidy; 3, J.Steadman. Six long carrots – 1, P.penfold; 2, J.Carr. Six horn carrots – 1, P.Penfold; 2, Luke Tidy. Six white turnips – 1, T.Penfold; 2, T.Divall. three cabbages – 1, Caesar Gun; 2, P.Penfold; 3, J.Collins. Twenty-five pods house beans – 1, J.Carr; 2, T.Penfold. Ditto scarlet runners – 1, Luke Tidy; 2, Peter Penfold. Ditto peas- 1, J.Jenner; 2, T.Baldwin. Best bunch of herbs – 1, H.Gasson; 2, Mrs. Penfold. Best nosegay of garden flowers – 1, J.Collings; 2, J.Carr; Mrs. Penfold. Best nosegay of wild flowers – 1, Sidney Collins; 2, Pattie Gasson; 3, Thomas Penfold. Extra prizes were also awarded to Mrs. Hallett for apples and gooseberries; to C.Mepham for turnips; and to George Jenner for cabbages.


Sp. Mary WILLIE (1847-1905) [27].

1.14.1 Charles PENFOLD (1869-1878) [45].

Born 12 May 1869, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Died 21 May 1878, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Cause: Diptheria. 3 days. Buried 25 May 1878, Hartfield, Sussex, England.53

1.14.2 Thomas PENFOLD (1871-1959) [46].

Born 27 Jun 1871, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Alice Maud BACKSHALL 13 Apr 1895, Haywards Heath, Sussex, England. Died 14 Jan 1959, Portslade on Sea, Sussex, England.54

Sp. Alice Maud BACKSHALL (1875-1957) [47].

1.14.3 Walter PENFOLD (1873-1874) [48].

Born 18 May 1873. Died 18 Aug 1874. Buried 31 Aug 1874, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.14.4 Minnie PENFOLD (1875-1878) [49].

Born 13 Jun 1875. Died 31 May 1878, Hartfield, Sussex, England.55 Cause: Diptheria. 7 days. Buried 2 Jun 1878, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.14.5 Albert PENFOLD (1877-1959) [50].

Born 22 Apr 1877, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Emily AVIS 14 Aug 1901, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England.56 Died 17 Jul 1959.

Sp. Emily AVIS (1873-1964) [51].

1.14.6 Alice PENFOLD (1879-1907) [52].

Born 20 Aug 1879, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Died 18 Aug 1907, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Buried 22 Aug 1907, Hartfield, Sussex, England.

1.14.7 Lucy PENFOLD (1882-1961) [53].

Born 12 Jul 1882, Hartfield, Sussex, England.57 Marr Aaron Thomas NORTON 1901. Died Dec 1961.

Sp. Aaron Thomas NORTON (1878-1960) [54].


Mourned death of retired signalman

A well-known Newhaven octogenarian, Mr. Aaron (Tom) Norton, of 6, Beach-road, died in the Brighton General Hospital on Wednesday last week. Aged 81, Mr. Norton had resided on the East Side for over 50 years, and he was a railway signalman until he retired 16 years ago.

One of his chief interests was the old age pensioners, and both he and his wife were early members of the Newhaven branch of the association, in which Mr. Norton took an active part until he had to give up owing to ill health.

The Rector of Newhaven (the Rev. R.G.G.Hooper) conducted the service at the Downs Crematorium, Brighton, on Saturday, and tribute to Mr. Norton was paid by Captain A.Casey, of the Church Army. A memorial service was held the following day at St.Wilfred’s Mission, where Mr. Norton attended for many years. Members of his family and many friends were present. A widow, a son and two daughters are bereaved.


From 'Our Newhaven' website

In the bottom photo No 4.

Second Row left is my Grandfather, Aaron 'Tom' Norton and standing next to him is my Grandmother, Lucy Norton. They lived on Beach Road, Eastside.

By Colin Norton

On 11/07/2010


1.14.8 Ellen PENFOLD (1884-1962) [55].

Born 6 Aug 1884, Hartfield, Sussex, England.58 Died 7 Aug 1962, Haywards Heath, Sussex, England.59,60 Buried 13 Aug 1962, Haywards Heath, Sussex, England.61

Ellen, known as Nellie, was born on 6th August 1884 in Hartfield. She used to visit Barbara’s parents (Sydney) on a Tuesday and Ida’s parents (Albert) at Gower Road on a Sunday. She had an operation for a growth on her stomach and later developed terrible ulcers on her legs. She was a parlourmaid at Dr. Harper Smith’s at Galligate who was head superintendent of the mental hospital. She died of diabetes at about 80 years old. She did not marry (by Barbara Thomas)


The Late Miss E. Penfold


The funeral took place at Haywards Heath on August 13 of Miss Ellen Penfold, of Muster House, Muster Green, who died on August 7 at the age of 78.

Miss Penfold, who was brn at Hartfield, had lived in Haywards Heath for many years and was a member of a large family who were very well known in this neighbourhood. Her only surviving brother, Mr.Fred Penfold lives in Wood Ride.

A service at St.Wilfrid's Church was conducted by the Rev. A.G. Oliver, O.B.E. The hymns, "The Lord's my shepherd" (Grimond) and "How sweet the name of Jesus sounds." were sung. Mr.S.F.Merrett was the organist.

Interment followed in Haywards Heath cemetery.

The family mourners were Mr. and Mrs. Fred Penfold (brother and sister-in-law). Mrs.S.Penfold (sister-in-law), Mr Roy Penfold (nephew) Mr. and Mrs. L.Ballard. Mr. and Mrs. D. Norton. Mr and Mrs. Farrow. Mr. and Mrs Goacher. Mr. and Mrs. R.Thomas. Mr. and Mrs. S.Thomas. Mrs. Boxall and Mrs. Boniface (nephews and nieces). Mrs. D.Rapley and Mr. E.Richardson (friends) and Mr. Bryant (representing Mrs. Collins). Mrs. A.Penfold (sister-in-law) was unable to attend.

Messrs. George Hilton & Sons Ltd. were in charge of the funeral arrangements.

The family wish to thank the doctors and nurses of Cuckfield Hospital for their kind attention and those who sent floral tributes and expressions of sympathy.


Probate: PENFOLD Ellen of Muster House Muster Green Haywards Heath Sussex spinster died 7 August 1962 at Cuckfield Hospital Sussex Probate Lewes 28 September to Leslie Arthur Ballard carpenter and joiner. Effects £1243 10s.


1.14.9 Sydney PENFOLD (1886-1956) [56].

Born 15 Sep 1886, Hartfield, Sussex, England. Marr Caroline Elizabeth LEDIGO 1911. Died 27 Dec 1956.

Sp. Caroline Elizabeth LEDIGO (1887-1966) [57].

1.14.10 Fredrick PENFOLD (1889-1963) [58].

Born 23 Sep 1889, Hartfield, Sussex, England.62 Marr Mabel H FULLER 1913. Died 1963.

Sp. Mabel H FULLER ( - ) [59].


1"WikiTree: Hannah Humphre - Tree001:01a".
2"Census 1841 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1115 Book/Folio: 6/4 Page: 1" (HO107 Piece: 1115 Book/Folio: 6/4 Page: 1).

Source: Census 1841 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1115 Book/Folio: 6/4 Page: 1, 1841Census-william penfold-hartfield

3"Marriage: William Penfold / Hannah Humphrey". Assessment: Primary evidence.
4"Death: Hannah Penfold".
5"WikiTree: William Penfold - Tree001:01".
6"Census 1851 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 114 Page: 2" (HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 114 Page: 2).

Source: Census 1851 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 114 Page: 2, 1851Census-mary carr - hartfield

7"Christening: Mary Penfold - Tree001:M01".
8"Marriage: Mary Penfold".
9"Census 1861 Hartfield, Sussex, England RG9 Piece: 578 Folio: 60 Page: 2" (RG9 Piece: 578 Folio: 60 Page: 2).

Source: Census 1861 Hartfield, Sussex, England RG9 Piece: 578 Folio: 60 Page: 2, 1861Census-william penfold-hartfield

10"Christening: Emily Penfold - Tree001:EY01".
11"Marriage: Emily Penfold".
12"Marriage: Emily Hider".
13"Death: Emily Friend".
14"Census 1851 Withyham, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 36 Page: 3" (HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 36 Page: 3).

Source: Census 1851 Withyham, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 36 Page: 3, 1851Census-emily hyder - withyham

15"Christening: Eliza Penfold - Tree001:EY02".
16"Census 1881 Coulsdon, Surrey, England RG11 Piece:807 Folio:49 Page Number: 19" (RG11 Piece:807 Folio:49 Page Number: 19).

Source: Census 1881 Coulsdon, Surrey, England RG11 Piece:807 Folio:49 Page Number: 19, 1881EnglandCensus_eliza spice - coulsdon

17"Census 1871 Speldhurst, Kent, England RG10 / 927 Schedule 150" (RG10 / 927 Schedule 150).

Source: Census 1871 Speldhurst, Kent, England RG10 / 927 Schedule 150, 1871EnglandCensus_300094858

18"Christening: George Penfold - Tree001:G01".
19"IGI: Emily Penfold - Tree001:G04".
20"IGI: Mary Anne Charlotte Penfold - Tree001:G05".
21"Christening: Eliza Penfold - Tree001:EA01".
22"Census 1851 Withyham, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 11 Page: 15" (HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 11 Page: 15).

Source: Census 1851 Withyham, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 11 Page: 15, 1851Census-william penfold - withyham

23"Christening: William Penfold - Tree001:W01".
24"Marriage: William Penfold".
25"Death: William Penfold".
26"Poster: John Robert Penfold - Tree001:W05".

Source: Poster: John Robert Penfold - Tree001:W05, John Robert Penfold - Poster

27"Christening: John Penfold - Tree001:W05".
28"Census 1891 Her Majesty's Prison, Kirkdale, Lancashire RG12 / 2968" (RG12 / 2968).

Source: Census 1891 Her Majesty's Prison, Kirkdale, Lancashire RG12 / 2968, 1891EnglandCensus_279805270

29"Christening: Arthur Edward Penfold - Tree001:W06".
30"Arthur Edward Penfold: Criminal Registers".

Source: Arthur Edward Penfold: Criminal Registers, EnglandWalesCriminalRegisters17911892_172711519 (2)

31"Christening: Amelia Dinah Penfold - Tree001:W07".
32"Census 1851 Lingfield, Surrey, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 196 Page: 12" (HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 196 Page: 12).

Source: Census 1851 Lingfield, Surrey, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 196 Page: 12, 1851Census-hannah penfold - lingfield

33"Christening: Hannah Penfold - Tree001:HH01".
34"Marriage: Hannah Penfold".
35"Christening: Harriet Penfold - Tree001:HT01".
36"Death: Harriet Penfold".
37"Christening: Henry Penfold - Tree001:HY01".
38"Census 1851 Croydon, Surrey, England HO107 Piece: 1602 Folio: 627 Page: 32" (HO107 Piece: 1602 Folio: 627 Page: 32).

Source: Census 1851 Croydon, Surrey, England HO107 Piece: 1602 Folio: 627 Page: 32, 1851Census-amelia penfold - croydon

39"Marriage: Amelia Penfold".
40"Census 1851 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 71 Page: 14" (HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 71 Page: 14).

Source: Census 1851 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 Piece: 1641 Folio: 71 Page: 14, 1851Census-john penfold - hartfield

41"Death: Stephen Penfold".
42"Census 1851 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 / 1641 Schedule 7" (HO107 / 1641 Schedule 7).

Source: Census 1851 Hartfield, Sussex, England HO107 / 1641 Schedule 7, 1851EnglandCensus_Sussex_Hartfield_ALL_2b_4__324955306

43"Death: Martha Penfold".
44"Birth: Peter Penfold".
45"Marriage: Peter Penfold".
46"Marriage: Peter Penfold".
47"SS Parisian - 1895".

Source: SS Parisian - 1895

48"Henrietta Penfold - Notification Of Death".

Source: Henrietta Penfold - Notification Of Death

49"Birth: Thomas Penfold".

Source: Birth: Thomas Penfold

50"Christening: Thomas Penfold - Tree001:T01".
51"Marriage: Thomas Penfold".
52"Death: Thomas Penfold".
53"Death: Charles Penfold".
54"Thomas Penfold - Death".

Source: Thomas Penfold - Death

55"Minnie Penfold - Death".

Source: Minnie Penfold - Death

56"Albert Penfold Marriage 1901".

Source: Albert Penfold Marriage 1901

57"Census 1891 Hartfield, Sussex, England RG12 Piece: 787 Folio: 70 Page: 13" (RG12 Piece: 787 Folio: 70 Page: 13).

Source: Census 1891 Hartfield, Sussex, England RG12 Piece: 787 Folio: 70 Page: 13, 1891Census-thomas penfold - hartfield

58"Birth: Ellen Penfold - Tree001:T09".
59"Death: Ellen Penfold - Tree001:T09".
60"Probate: Ellen Penfold - Tree001:T09".

Source: Probate: Ellen Penfold - Tree001:T09, Tree001-T09-Probate

61"Ellen Penfold - Funeral".

Source: Ellen Penfold - Funeral, Ellen Penfold -funeral

62"Census 1901 Hartfield, Sussex, England RG13" (RG13/903 Schedule 9).

Source: Census 1901 Hartfield, Sussex, England RG13, 1901EnglandCensus_306587382