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Mary WILMSHURST (1856-1905)




Spouse: John Robert PENFOLD, 1899, age 42, John Robert Penfold [cross on hand]

1 Mary Jane WILMSHURST (1856-1905) [87].

Born 1 May 1856, Heathfield, Sussex, England. Marr John Robert PENFOLD 25 Dec 1879, Heathfield, Sussex, England. Died 29 Jan 1905, Dartford, Kent, England.

Sp. John Robert PENFOLD1 (1857-1924) [86], son of William PENFOLD (1826-1873) [11] and Mary Ann Charlotte GUNN (1831-1886) [12].


"John Robert was born on 12th April 1857 and was baptised in Hartfield on 24th May 1857. The family attended the Methodist Chapel there with weekly sermons by the Reverend John Lemon. It seems that John's father, William arranged with the local cordwainer to have him trained in the making and repair of footwear.

It is not known whether this was formal apprenticeship, or merely a friendly arrangement. The 1871 Census lists him at the age of 13 in Hartfield as Labourer.

John married at the age of 21 to Mary Jane Wilmshurst aged 22.

Her father was a farmer at Milsham Farm, Heathfield. They married at the Independent Chapel, Heathfield, and the Reverend John Lemon conducted the ceremony. Frederick Charles Pinniger and Ellen Wilmshurst were witnesses to the marriage. Apparently John would walk from Hartfield, approximately 20 miles to Heathfield each Sunday to meet Mary.

They moved to Field Gate, Mitcham, Surrey, the same year their first son, Frederick William, was born there on 8th December 1879.

They then took over a shop in Queen's Road, Chelsea. Their second son Arthur was born on 24th November 1883, in a house, several doors from their shop. It is not known why he was not born at the home address.

The shop was the centre of the family life. John took orders for boots and shoes and made them himself whilst repairs were done by an assistant.

A third son Charles Edward was born on 1st December 1885. At the beginning of 1886 John Robert's mother died. It is assumed that she was living with John and the family as the Registration of the Death was in Chelsea.

She had obviously come up from Hartfield at some stage either because she was unwell or to help look after the children.

A daughter, Mary Jane, was born on 16th March 1888 and another daughter Mabel was born on 11th November 1890. The 1891 Census lists them at 25 Queens Road and Mabel is 4 months old. Sarah Wilmshurst, John Robert's mother in law was living with them too at this time.

All five children in turn went to the Christ Church National School, Chelsea. It was unfortunate that Fred, who had been selected for further education at the United Westminster Schools, had to leave within a few months to assist his mother with the business, as John Robert had a severe attack of rheumatic fever and several weeks elapsed before he was able to get about again. The doctor's opinion was that he should give up the business after a serious breakdown, and should seek a gradual return to full health in some open-air means of employment. Hence the shop was sold and the family moved. John Robert bought an insurance round, which brought in a small income and Fred found a job in Victoria Street, which brought in a little more money. This all occurred in 1895/6. John Robert set up a shed and bench in the yard of the house in West Chelsea, where he could perform light work.

Charles and the girls were taken in as new pupils at Ashburnham Road School, but after 18 months another move was made to 48 Rosenau Road, Battersea, but only for a short while.

John Robert had been elected as one of the six Labour members returned for the St. John Ward to Westminster City Council on Monday 9th November 1903 and he served for three years until November 1906.

During the 1900s, John's wife Mary Jane's health began to deteriorate, and she died on 29th January 1905 at the London County Asylum, Dartford, Kent.

By now the family had left the Battersea home and had become the first tenants of a flat on the fourth floor of 52 Hogarth Building, Millbank Estate.

John Robert had been running the footwear department of the Co-operative Brotherhood Trust, a store in Clerkenwell, but he now felt well enough to resume shopwork and a few printed cards announcing the opening of the shop advertised it to many on the estate. The shop was just around the corner in Chapter Street and was very convenient.

John married for the second time, Louisa Morfill, a widow, on the June 1906 at The Register Office, St. George Hanover Square. May Eliza Morfill, a daughter from Louisa's first marriage, and Frederick William Penfold were witnesses. Louisa ran a Sweet Shop in Rampayne Street, Westminster, but they lived in Lupus Street.

John Robert died on 15th March 1924 of Endocarditis and Multiple Emboli aged 66 years at Charing Cross Hospital. He was buried at Mitcham Old Churchyard where Lord Snell conducted a short meeting in the chapel prior to the interment. He is buried in unconsecrated ground with his sister, Jane and his daughter, Mabel."

(From Diana Smith)



To demand the amendment and passing of the Unemployed Bill.


Derby Daily Telegraph: 14th December 1916



At Bow-street to-day, ex-Inspector John Syme, secretry of the National Union of Police and the Prison Officials' Union and William George Mead, printer of Putney, wee charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations, with spreading reports and makding statements likely to prejudice the discipline of the Metropolitian Police Force, and John Robert Penfold, a bootmaker, and treasurer of the Union of Westminster, was charged with aiding and abetting them. There was also charge against Syme and Mead of being concerned in publishing statements in newspaper called "The Police and Prison Officers' Journal," likely to prejudice the discipline of the police.

Mr Bodkin, for the Public Prosecutor said proceedings had been taken in respect of speeches made by Syme and Penfold in Hyde Park on Sundays, and in respect of matters appearing in "The Police and Prison Officials' Journal" of which Syme was editor and proprietor, and W.G.Mead and Co. the printers. It would be as well to state that newsagents who sold copies of the paper containing the matter prohibited by the regulations would find themselves in an awkward position. In consequence of the past history of the Police Union and the increasing mischief which it was doing, an order was made prohibiting any member of the force from attending any meeting held under its auspicis. The journal had made numerous references to this order, all of them being in the direction of inciting to disobedience to it. Some members of the force had already been dismissed for joining the Union. With regard to the journal, its sole object was the underming of authority. It extolled the speeches of Syme without reprinting, and printed letters from Union members urging rebellion against the authorities. Those attacks, added Mr. Bodkin, on the part of Syme, a completely discredited person and a dismissed policeman, had been made from motives of revenge and with complete unscrupulness. The defendants were remanded in custody.


Evening Telegraph And Post: 19th December 1916


As Witness In Bow Street Court Case.

The adjourned hearing of the charge against ex-Inspector John Syme, William George Mead, and John Robert Penfold took place at Bow Street to-day. The first two men were charged with spreading reports likely to prejudice the discipline of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Penfold with aiding and abetting. Syme was further charged with publishing in the newspaper called The Police and Prison Officers' Journal statements likely to have the same predudicial effect.

Syme said in defence he wished to call witnesses, including Mr Herbert Samuel, as to regulations issued by the Home Office.

The Magistrate said there was no need to call Mr Samuel. Syme said the whole prosecution was a plot of the Government to persecute him. Defendant read a statement setting forth the object of the National Union of Police and Prison Officials, which he said were to defend the police force against tyranny in the interests of the men themselves and the public.

Evidence was given that Mead was not associated with the other defendants and only printed their paper as a business matter. Taking his good character into account, the Magistrate fined Mead £25. The proceedings against Syme and Penfold were adjourned.


The Manchester Evening News: Tuesday, December 19, 1916


Charged Under the Defence of the Realm Act.

At Bowstreet, London, to-day, ex-Inspector John Syme was again charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations with having made statements of a prohibitive character in speeches which he delivered in hyde Park and Regent's Park on November 26, December 3, and December 19. John Robert Penfold was charged with aiding him and William George Mead, the printer of "The Police and Prison Officials' Journal" of which Symes is the editor also took his place in the dock.

The proceedings were taken under the recent regulations forbidding anyone by word of mouth, or in writing, or in any newspaper, to spread reports or make statements intended or likely to prejudice the discipline of any police force.

Mr Bodkin, for the Treasury, had alleged that the prisoners thought that the present was the proper time to attack persistently in a most malicious manner many of the most respectable officers of the Metropolitan police force.

A policeman produced a police order of November 13 circulated among the Metropolitan Police intimating that any one joining the Federation rendered himself liable to dismissal. Every member was prohibited from attending meetings where language was used inciting to insubordination. Witness had attended meetings in many parts of London, and had noticed Penfold at most of them. Penfold had been referred to as treasurer of the union.

Cross-examined by Syme, he agreed that he had never heard any speaker incite the police to strike. He had heard them councel the police not the strike. He had heard Syme refer to what he called scandals of the force.

In the course of further cross-examination witness said he had heard Syme complain that the police were unable to do their duty in the matter of the supervision of public houses and other places owing to the friendship of people with superior police officers.


Syme: Have you heard me say that the blackmail of Germans who should be interned was a danger to the realm? Yes. Witness said that Syme had made allegations against high officials of receiving money.


Syme, in his defence, complained that he had been persecuted for some years. "It is a case of hushing up the trruth all the way through" he said. having called the Right Hon. Herbert Samuel as witness, and no reply being forthcoming, Syme asked for a remand. On this being refused defendant protested, and in the course of his address to the magistrate said, "It is known that you are under orders to convict me, your Worship - a contemptible act on the part of the British Governament"

It was stated that Mead's connection with the case was that he merely printed the journale as a matter of business.

The magistrate fined Mead £25 and costs. The case against Syme was further adjourned.


Western Daily Press: 23rd December 1916


Ex-Inspector John Syme, secretary of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers, and John Robert Penfold, treasurer of the Union, again appeared at Bow Street, yesterday, the first named being charged with spreading reports and making statements likely to predudice the discipline of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Penfold with aiding and abetting. Syme was sentenced to six months' in prisonment, and Penfold was ordered to find a surety in £100 to be of good behaviour for twelve months. Penfold having given assurance that he would comply with this order, a surety came forward, and he was released. Syme said he intended to appeal.


Westminster and Pimlico News: 24th March 1924

We much regret to have to announce the death of Mr. John Robert Penfold, a well known local Labour leader and worker in Westminster for the past 30 years. Mr. Penfold passed away on Saturday last after a very brief illness. He was at one time a member of the Westminster City Council, representing the St. John's ward, in which he lived and worked as a shoemaker. There was no mistaking Mr. Penfold's zeal for the betterment of the working-classes; nor was it possible to question his rigid honesty and desire to "play the game." He had read widely, and was an interesting conversationalist. Ever ready to give a political opponent credit for the best of motives, he would plunge eagerly into an argument at any moment, and he was so original - often quaintly - that it was always delightful to listen to him. The writer had a talk with him a few weeks back, and he was profoundly thankful that he had lived long enough to see a Labour Government. And he was full of ambitious schemes for the future welfare of Westminster - from his own party point of view.

(From the Westminster and Pimlico News, March 21, 1924 supplied by Diana Smith).


1.1 Frederick William PENFOLD (1879-1918) [105].

Born 8 Dec 1879, Mitcham, Surrey, England. Died 1 Jan 1918, Camberwell, London, England.


Frederick William Penfold was the first born of John Robert's children and was born on 8th December 1879 in Mitcham, Surrey. On the 1881 census he is one year old at the address of Field Gate, Mitcham, Surrey, and living with his father John Robert, his mother Mary Jane, and Charles, John Robert's younger brother.

The following is taken from Arthur Penfold's 'Reminiscences':

"When the family moved to Chelsea, Fred went to Christ Church National School, but it was unfortunate that although he had been selected with others from the senior class for further education at the United Westminster Schools, he had to leave within a few months in order to assist his mother with the business as John Robert had a severe attack of rheumatic fever and was unable to work for some months.

Fred played cricket for the old scholars of Christ Church, Chelsea, who were known as 'Old Meltonians'. Fred was secretary for this club until 1914 when he had to join up. He was classed as A1 and underwent training on Salisbury Plain and elsewhere. He ended up in hospital with a growth in the head too serious for any radical treatment. He lingered on and finally died on 1st January 1918"

"Pimlico Chapel (a good mile from the old Chelsea home) was the family rendezvous for Sunday morning and evening services, we three boys attending afternoon school there as well"

"Fred had become a valued and capable assistant in the tailoring business which had acquired repute so that his chief had taken over responsibility for fulfilling contracts with the Royal Military academy for the supply of military service gear. He had to spend part of his working day in travelling to and from Woolwich. He took up elocution at evening class and thereby acquired a good knowledge of some Shakespearean plays.

The keenites of the elocution class wished to extend their dramatic activities beyond evening school and Fred was persuaded to run the Iris Dramatic Society for two or three years before 1914 and this company undertook rehearsals and performances in several church halls and institutes in the London area. The accommodation for rehearsals was probably provided by one of the members as some compensation to Fred for bearing the business side so gallantly."

Daphne Moore (nee Goodwin), Frederick's niece, can remember being taken to visit him in hospital just before he died. She also remembers that he worked for a tailor called Plumbs in Victoria Street.

He died in the 1st London general Hospital R.A.M.C. (T), Myatts Park, Camberwell. The death certificate states he was 38 years old, and occupation private 163683, 686 Labour Corps. The cause of death was (1) Neoplasm of brain and (2) Haemorrhage from rectum.

The following is an extract taken from Westminster Council Minutes of 2nd July 1903:

Transfer of Licenses - we submit the following notices of intention to apply for the transfer of licences:

Date of Motion - St. Paul's Covent Garden 8th June

Premises - The Nag's Head, 10 James St, Covent Garden, Intoxicating Liquors

Name of Applicant: - Moore, Alfred Aylett, Naylor, Thomas

Name of person to whom the licence is proposed to be transferred: - Penfold, Frederick William

(notes by Diana Smith)


Probate: PENFOLD Frederick William of 17 Chapter-street Westminster Middlesex died 1 January 1918 at London General Hospital Brixton Surrey Administration London 19 January to John Robert Penfold bootmaker. Effects £285 13s 1d.


1.2 Arthur James PENFOLD (1883-1961) [106].

Born 24 Nov 1883, Chelsea, London, England.2 Marr Florence Eunice SPRAGG 11 Apr 1914. Marr Daisy Eleanor SPRAGG 7 Jun 1930. Died 28 Jan 1961.


Arthur was known as Art within the family.

According to Arthur's reminiscences he was born in a house several doors along from the family shop in Queens Road, Chelsea, and he never found out why!

"At the end of 1895, I had completed three terms work at the school in Palace Street… a great effort was made to fit me out for boarding school, (Emanuel) as it appears that my record was sufficiently promising for that effort to be made in my favour. For one of the family to be laid aside in this was no small sacrifice on the part of father and mother, for although I would be away each year for some nine months, the remaining three would be spent at home, when I would not be earning my keep. This went on for nearly five years, but during the last three, by means of a small honorarium for clearing up work each day in the school laboratories, I managed to cover most of my clothing expenses. This work did expose one's garments to occasional contact with acids or alkalis which played havoc with the best of materials, and such damage could have been reduced by the use of overalls."

By mid June 1901 Arthur joined the clerical staff of the Accountant General of the Post Office, working in the Inland Telegraph Branch which was housed in the old St. Martin's le Grand building in the City. Within a few months his health gave way and neurasthenia took over. He had a short stay in Lincolnshire and then a voyage to Dublin with his father who arranged for him to stay at a farmhouse in the Wicklow Hills. He stayed there for several months and was then allowed to resume his former work in the ITB but he then fell from a newly acquired bicycle, which laid him low once again. There then seemed little prospect of any early return to duty so he was put off for health reasons and was granted a small gratuity. His eyes were always out of focus after that accident and having fallen violently on his right side, his left was seriously paralysed. He was left-handed and this meant farewell to his left arm bowling, but later he did recover sufficiently to engage in cricket again as a main recreation. For two years whilst unemployed he opened and closed his father's boot making/repair shop.

Arthur married Florence Eunice Spragg on 11th April 1914 and they had two sons, Donald Robert born 5th March 1915 and Geoffrey born 24th January 1920.

Florence died on 11th July 1928. She was a 'Christian Scientist' and wouldn't seek treatment.

On 7th June 1930 Arthur married Daisy Spragg, his first wife's younger sister.

Arthur died on 28th January 1961 from Bronchopneumonia aged 77 years.

Daisy died about 1965.

(notes by Diana Smith)


Sp. Florence Eunice SPRAGG (1880-1928) [107].

1.2.1 Donald Robert PENFOLD (1915-1992) [138].

Born 5 Mar 1915, Barnet, Hertfordshire, England. Marr Jose May COXON 10 Mar 1947, Paddington, London, England. Died Oct 1992.

Sp. Jose May COXON (1917-1985) [139].

Sp. Daisy Eleanor SPRAGG (1891- ) [108].

1.3 Charles Edward PENFOLD (1885-1907) [109].

Born 1 Dec 1885, Chelsea, Middlesex, England. Died 24 Apr 1907, Vauxhall Bridge, London, England.


Charles was born on 1st December 1885 at Chelsea, the third of John Robert’s children.

He went to Ashburnham Road School and attended Pimlico Chapel on Sundays, morning and evening and afternoon school as well.

The family moved from Chelsea to Westminster and John Robert took up his own shop again. The following is an extract from Charles’ brother Arthur’s reminiscences:

One does wish that father had not insisted that Charles should give up his temporary job as a junior in the Colonial Office, at a time when Joseph Chamberlain was in charge. Charles used to relate some droll stories about the man with the monocle and the orchid. Father would not see his way to put in a full day at the shop, hence it did not prosper as it might have done. Charles became disheartened, went off and found another clerical job, whereupon he was ordered to leave home and did so. However, about this time, father married again, and one of the conditions of this second mating may have been a change of feeling for the exiled member of the family. Charles celebrated his return to the fold by contracting scarlet fever, and this was the prime cause of his death on 6th April 1907.

Charles did not seem to recover from the scarlet fever, which he had contracted in October 1906. He had been treated in the Fulham Fever Hospital where he stayed for seven weeks but once home he became melancholy and depressed. Perhaps the death of his maternal grandmother (who lived with the family) in August 1904, followed by the long illness and eventual death of his mother in January 1905. The expectation his father had of him to assist in the shop contributed to the depression, and being banished from home would certainly not have helped.

On the evening of 6th April 1907 he went out with his brother Arthur. They were walking over Vauxhall Bridge when suddenly Charles vaulted the parapet and jumped into the river. He was carried away by the tide and drowned. His body was recovered from the River Thames at Anchor Wharf, Upper Thames Street 18 days later. He was only 21 years old. An inquest was held and the jury recorded a verdict that the deceased took his own life whilst insane.

The death certificate states that ‘Dead body found twenty fourth April 1907, River Thames, off Anchor Wharf, Blackfriars’, that his occupation had been a Commerical Clerk of 32 Rampayne Street, Westminster, and that the cause of death was ‘asphyxia by drowning. Took his own life while insane by jumping over Vauxhall Bridge on 6th April 1907 p.m.’ The death was registered on 26th April 1907.

(notes by Diana Smith)


Westminster & Pimlico Times: April 12, 1907

A Vauxhall Bridge Tragedy - Suicide of Mr. J.R.Penfold's youngest son.

Vauxhall Bridge was the scene of a distressing tragedy on Saturday evening. Mr Charles Edward Penfold, the youngest of the three sons of Mr. J. R.Penfold, of Chapter Street, Westminster, was walking over the bridge with his brother, when he suddenly vaulted the parapet and sprang into the river. He was carried away by the tide, and was never seen again. The deceased was only 21 years of age, and his studious habits made him a young man of great promise. Recently he had been suffering acutely from melancholia, which set in after an attack of scarlet fever in October. When he contracted the disease he was removed to an isolation hospital, and his letters to his parents from that institution were full of humour, and seemed to show that he was recovering in an eminently satisfactory manner. But when he returned home, it was at once recognised that his health was not fuly restored. He was subject to fits of depressin, and although every effort was made to arouse him out of his despondency, he never regained his good spirits. As time went on his health showed no improvement, and a

month ago it was resolved to try the effect of a change of air and scenery. Accordingly he went on a visit to some friends at Godstone in Surrey. He stayed there three weeks, and returned home on Thursday night last week. There was no improvement in his condition, and he remained under medical treatment.

The doctor who was attending the deceased last saw himat tea-time on Saturday - within a few hours of his death. After spending half-an-hour with him, he told his father that he might expect him to get better soon, and he certainly appeared to be brighter than usual. Later in the eveing the deceasd went out for a walk with his brother. He apperd to have relapsed into one of his despondent moods again, and it was remarked that he walked slowly and wearily. The brothers turned towards Vauxhall Bridge, which they crossed on the west side.

Suddenly, without speaking a word, the deceased took a step backwards and, before anything would be done to prevent him, leaped over the parapet and flung himself into the water. It was quite dark at the time, and there were few people about. Before the distraught brother could obtain asistance of any kind the deceased had been carreid away by the tide, and he was seen no more. The body has not yet been recovered.

Deep and widespread sympathy is felt with the unfortunate young man's parents. His father has taken and active and prominent part in public affairs, and is one of the best known men in the neighbourhood. He was until November last a member of the Westminster City Council. Many years ago he was a wel known figure in Chelsea, where he carreid on business in Royal Hospital Road.

Mr. J.R. Penfold wishes, through the mdeium of our columns, to acknowledge the numerous leters of sympathy and condolence which he has received.


1.4 Mary Jane PENFOLD (1888-1966) [110].

Born 16 Mar 1888, Chelsea, London, England.2 Marr Edmund James GOODWIN 28 Jan 1939, Westminster, London, England.3 Died 16 Aug 1966, Queen Mary's Hospital, Roehampton.


Mary Jane Penfold was John Robert’s fourth child and first daughter. She was born on 16th March 1888 at 25 Queen’s Road, Chelsea, where her father ran a bookmaking/repair shop. Her mother, Mary Jane Penfold (nee Wilmshurst) registered the birth on 23rd April.

Mary went to Christ Church national School, Chelsea and later Ashburnham Road School and Horseferry Road School when John Robert and the family moved to the new council flat in Hogarth Buildings on the Millbank Estate.

At some stage in her late teens she fell from a cart and infection set in which resulted in Mary having to have her kneecap removed. For the rest of her life she walked without being able to bend her left leg and had to learn to tuck her ‘unbendable’ leg out of the way.

Extract from Arthur Penfold’s reminiscences (Arthur being Mary Jane’s elder brother):

“About the year 1900 our own mother’s health gave way and gradually worsened to the inevitable end in 1904. Mary Jane who was still quite young and at school had to contrive household matters for her father and brothers who were keeping the home together and did everything possible to preserve its cheerful atmosphere. During his council service, father had been appointed to the Management Board of a group of schools and he found time to attend the schools and interest himself in their manner of working and in the staff of teachers. Mary Jean’s form teacher and the headmistress of Horseferry Road Council School as well, were hoping that she would go into training for that calling. However, the position of the remaining members of the family rendered a continuance at school out of the question, and instead the younger sister Mabel two years later went into training at the centre in Battersea, gained her certificate, married, and became one of the staff of St.James the Less school in Westminster….”

Although registered as Mary Jane, she was known as Mary Jean, and in fact ‘Din’ was substituted for Jean and she was known as Din or Aunty Din by the family.

Being the oldest daughter Din obviously had a tough time helping to run her father’s bootmaking shop and looking after her father and siblings Frederick, Arthur, Charles and Mabel during her mother’s long illness and after she died on 29th January 1905.

Her maternal grandmother who lived with the family had also died the previous august of 1904, so by the age of sixteen Din had a lot to contend with. Her father remarried on 6th June 1906 and he moved to Rampayne Street, Westminster, with his new wife Louisa. Din continued to run the shop (which by now was in Chapter Street, Westminster) and look after the home and family but less than a year later her brother Charles took his own life by jumping off Vauxhall Bridge into the Thames on 6th April 1907. He was 21 years old. The family was devastated but Din courageously continued to hold the fort.

Her sister Mabel must have started her teacher training circa 1910 as she commenced teaching in Gillingham, Kent, in April 1912. She married Edmund James Goodwin on 6th September 1913 at the register office, St. George Hanover Square, and their daughter Daphne Jean was born on 29th January 1914 at 28 Buckingham Chambers, Westminster. Edmund fought in the First World War so Mabel and Daphne moved into the flat above the bootmaking shop in Chapter Street and lived with Din. Mable took up her second teaching appointment at St. James the Less School, Westiminster.

Din's oldest brother Frederick had joined up for the First World War, but during training on Salisbury Plain he developed a growth on the brain and after a long illness he died in 1st London General Hospital (R.A.M.C) Camberwell on 1st January 1918. This was yet another loss for Din and her family to cope with.

At some stage Din became engaged to a young man whose surname was Gable. He eventually broke off the engagement. Could it have been because he was related to Din's stepmother whose maiden name had been Gmble before her first marriage?

Din's father John Robert died on 15th March 1924 at Charing Cross Hospital, but she continued to run the shop.

When her older sister Mabel died in April 1934, Din continued to look after the home for Edmund James Goodwin (Mabel's widowed husband, Din's brother in law), as he had been living there on his return from the war. On 28th January 1939 Din married Edmund James, he being 51 years old and a widower, and she being 50 years old and a spinster and his sister in law. They married at The Register Office, Westminister and witnesses were Arthur J. Penfold, Din's brother, and Daphne Jean Moore (nee Goodwin), Edmund's daughter from his marriage to Mabel Penfold. She now became Daphne's stepmother as well as her aunt. Daphne never felt entirely comfortable with her.

They continued to live above the shop until the Second World War broke out and then they lived in a cottage in Byfield, Northamptonshire for five years. When they moved back to London they found a flat at 285 Putney Bridge Road and Edmund worked as an instructor in woodwork at the Wandsworth Technical Institute. Unfortunately in 1953 he had to have an operation as a result of a previous war wound and died shortly afterward on 15th March 1953. Mary made her will on 18th March 1953 and this was signed by Winifred Stock and Maurice Morre, her niece Daphne's husband.

Din gave up the Putney flat and went to live in Herne Bay with her friend Dee. This only lasted for fifteen months and they Mary was lucky enough to become a resident receptionist for daphne's doctor in Kennington, in fact in the same street in which Daphne lived.

Din sadly contracted breast cancer and suffered a long and unpleasant illness. She had to resign from her Doctor's receptionist job and moved in with her niece-cum-stepdaughter Daphne at 86 Courtenay Street, Kennington, firstly having the upstairs bedroom as a bed-sit and later moving to the front room downstairs. She died on 16th August 1966 in Queen mary's Hospital, London. S.W.15.

She often played 'Patience' to pass the time. She enjoyed reading and writing and frequently wrote leters to newspapers and magazines many of which were published. She also had a short children's story published in 'Kiddies' magazine in the 1950s. She saved many postcards, birthday cards, concert programmes, children's drawings, and family photographs, and made notes of special events and kept them in aspecially made Scrap Book. This Scrap Book has proved to be invaluable for the Family History Research.

Because she was Daphne's stepmother but also her aunt, she was known to Diana and Roger, Daphne's children, as Aunty Granny.

(Notes by Diana Smith)


Sp. Edmund James GOODWIN (1887-1953) [112].

1.5 Mabel PENFOLD (1890-1934) [113].

Born 11 Nov 1890, Chelsea, London, England.2 Marr Edmund James GOODWIN 6 Sep 1913, St. Georges, Hanover Square, England. Died 7 Apr 1934.

Mabel was born the last of John Robert Penfold's children on 11th November 1890 at 25 Queen's Road Chelsea, and she was 4 months old on 1891 Census for that address. She went to Christ Church National School, Chelsea, then Ashburnham Road School. After the family moved to Westminster she attended Horseferry Road School. Whilst living in Westminister the family attended Pimlico Chapel where their father was a lay preacher.

Her elder sister, Mary Jean, had been singled out at the Horseferry Road School to train as a teacher, but as she had to look father her father and the rest of the family after their mother's death on 29th January 1905; it was Mabel who later trained at Battersea to become a teacher.

It is thought she may have taught Gipsies after she had first trained as she later spoke of them to her daughter. This may have been a temporary appointment.

Mabel lodged with Eve Jarvis in Byron Road, Gillingham, Kent and on Monday 15th April 1912, when Mabel was 21 years old, she took up a full time teaching appointment at Barnsole Road Junior School, Gillingham, Kent. This was the day the school re-opened after the Easter Holidays and 50 children were received from the Infant School and the classes were rearranged and Mabel was allotted Standard 3.

The following extracts are taken from the School Log Book:


Monday June 3rd - School re-opened after Whit Holiday

Tuesday June 4th - Mabel Penfold absent owning to illness

Friday June 7th - Mabel Penfold forwarded Medical Certificate

Monday June 10th - Mabel Penfold retuned to duty

Wednesday October 16th - Mabel Penfold absent with a cold

Monday 21st October - returned bringing Medical Certificate for the last week


May 5th - Classes rearranged and Mabel allotted Class 4 Standard V

Wednesday July 23rd - Mabel absent owing to indisposition

Friday July 25th - Returned to duty

Monday September 1st School re-opened after summer holidays. Mabel absent owning to sister's illness.

Monday September 8th - Mabel resigned on account of sister's health

Mabel Penfold married Edmund James Goodwin (who she had met through Eve Jarvis at her lodgings) on 6th September 1913 at The Register Office, Westminster. This was two days before she handed in her resignation at the Barnsole Road School in Gillingham. She had not returned to the school since the beginning of the new term. Both gave their address on the marriage certificate as 28 Buckingham Chambers, Westminster. May Harrison, one of the witnesses, was a very great friend of Mabel's.

Mabel gave birth at 28 Buckingham Chambers to Daphne Jean on 29th January 1914, approximately 5 months after the wedding. At some stage shortly after the birth they moved into the flat above Mabel's father's (John Robert's) shoe shop at 17 Chapter street and lived with her sister Mary Jane.

Edmund James Goodwin fought in the First World War and spent a long time in a hospital in Birmingham suffering from wounds. Daphne remembers running along the passageway at Chapter Street to greet him on his return.

At some stage Mabel recommenced teaching. She took a post at St. James the Less School in Westminster where initially she taught the older boys in the Junior Department. Later she taught the infant children. He daughter Daphne was childminded by a Mr. and Mrs. Wilmshurst. Mr. Wilmshurst was a tailor and Daphne can remember him sitting in the window stitching. When Daphne was four she went along to the school with her mother.

Daphne can remember shopping in High Street, Kensington, with her mother and going to buy hats in Bourne and Hollingsworth.

Mabel and Edmund enjoyed playing Bridge, often with Tommy Thompson, a good friend.

Mabel also enjoyed cooking and often cooked for the cricket team as well as other visitors who came to the flat, one of them being Molly Reid, a teaching friend from Ealing, who lived well into her nineties and remained a good friend to Daphne.

Mabel was instrumental in finding Daphne a job when she left school with the London Tramway Company and over the course of time met all the 'girls' Daphne befriended, i.e. Winifred Stock, Daph Bourne, Elsie Marsh, Rene Wakeman.

Mabel went every Saturday to Raynes Park where Edmund played cricket and she used to score for the team.

At Christmas time Lena Goodwin, Cousin Joan and Auntie Grace would visit Chapter Street.

Mabel was healthy and fit all of her life other than regular monthly migraines. However, she became ill when she was only 44 years old and was admitted to Middlesex Hospital where she died on 7th April 1934 of an Intestinal Obstruction. Mabel had said to her daughter Daphne before she died 'Remember, Aunty's your best friend'

She made a will on November 7th 1927 at the age of 37. The will was witnessed by B.Olding, the Head teacher of St. James the Less School.

(Notes by Diana Smith).

Sp. Edmund James GOODWIN (1887-1953) [112].


1"Poster: John Robert Penfold - Tree001:W05".

Source: Poster: John Robert Penfold - Tree001:W05, John Robert Penfold - Poster

2"Census 1911 Westminster, London, England RG14 Piece: 475 Reference: RG14PN475 RG78PN16 RD5 SD3 ED10 SN163" (RG14 Piece: 475 Reference: RG14PN475 RG78PN16 RD5 SD3 ED10 SN163).

Source: Census 1911 Westminster, London, England RG14 Piece: 475 Reference: RG14PN475 RG78PN16 RD5 SD3 ED10 SN163, 1911Census-john robert penfold-st george

3"Paper Cutting: Mary Jane Penfold - Tree001:W14".

Source: Paper Cutting: Mary Jane Penfold - Tree001:W14, Tree001-W14-Marriage